Phrasing 1 John
1 John 2:1-27
God's heart is a pastoral heart - to test us, encourage us, and exhort us.
Published November 12th, 2021; Updated November 12th, 2021
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CH 2:1-27
CH 2:1-27
1 John 2:1-27
Test #2 Do I Live a Lifestyle Built on God's Satisfaction
My little children,
I am writing these things
to you
so that you may not sin.
if anyone does sin,
But ... we have an advocate
with the Father,
Jesus Christ
the righteous.
He is the propitiation
for our sins,
Reference #1
and not for ours only
but also for the sins
Reference #2
of the whole world.
And by this we know
that we have come to know him,
if we keep his commandments.
Whoever says “I know him”
but does not keep his commandments
is a liar,
and the truth is not in him,
whoever keeps his word,
but ... ... truly the love of God is perfected.
in him
By this we may know
that we are in him:
whoever says he abides in him
ought to walk
in the same way
in which he walked.
I am writing you
no new commandment,
but an old commandment
that you had
from the beginning.
The old commandment is the word
that you have heard.
At the same time,
it is a new commandment
that I am writing to you,
which is true
in him
and in you,
because the darkness is passing away
and the true light is already shining.
Whoever says he is in the light
and hates his brother
is still in darkness.
Whoever loves his brother
abides in the light,
and ... there is no cause for stumbling.
in him
But whoever hates his brother
is in the darkness
and walks in the darkness,
and does not know where he is going,
because the darkness has blinded his eyes.
Pause for a Cause for Encouragement
I am writing to you, little children,
because your sins are forgiven
for his name’s sake.
I am writing to you, fathers,
because you know him
who is
from the beginning.
I am writing to you, young men,
because you have overcome the evil one.
I write to you, children,
because you know the Father.
I write to you, fathers,
because you know him
who is
from the beginning.
I write to you, young men,
because you are strong,
Ground #1 & #2
and the word of God abides
in you,
and you have overcome the evil one.
Ground #3
Exhortation #1 Since God's Already Working Don't Love the World
Do not love the world
or the things
in the world.
If anyone loves the world,
the love of the Father is not in him.
is not from the Father but
For all ... ... is from the world.
that is in the world— ...
the desires
Explanation #1
of the flesh
and the desires
Explanation #2
of the eyes
and pride
Explanation #3
of life —
And the world is passing away
along with its desires,
but whoever does the will of God
[he] abides forever.
Exhortation #2 Since God's Already Working Don't be Deceived
Children, it is the last hour,
and ... so now many antichrists have come.
as you have heard
that antichrist is coming,
Therefore we know
that it is the last hour.
They went out
from us,
but they were not of us;
if they had been of us,
for ... they would have continued
with us.
But they went out,
that it might become plain
that they all are not of us.
But you have been anointed
by the Holy One,
and you all have knowledge.
I write to you,
not because you do not know the truth, but
because you know it,
Ground #1
and because no lie is of the truth.
Ground #2
Who is the liar
but he
Explanation #1
who denies
that Jesus is the Christ?
This is the antichrist,
Explanation #2
who denies the Father
and the Son.
No one ... has the Father.
who denies the Son
Whoever confesses the Son
has the Father also.
Let what you heard ... abide
from the beginning
in you.
If what you heard ... abides
from the beginning
in you,
then you too will abide
in the Son
and in the Father.
And this is the promise
that he made to us —
eternal life.
I write these things
to you
about those
who are trying to deceive you.
But the anointing ... abides
that you received
from him
in you,
and you have no need
that anyone should teach you.
But as his anointing teaches you
Standard #1
about everything,
and is true,
and is no lie—
just as it has taught you,
Standard #2
abide in him.
Standard #1
Standard #2
Standard #1 - What the anointing is currently teaching you. Ground - because the anointing is true Standard #2 - What the anointing has already taught you (past tense).
Is this another "aside."
What would be the relationship between: "It is the last hour" "We know it is the last hour" ?
Since this sentence starts with a very strong conjunction, I see it connecting with a concessive relationship. The statement "I am writing these things" refers to the encouragement not to sin..."and yet...if you do..." He concedes the objection that, even though every thing he is writing is pointing toward sanctification, yet those who act out in sin still do have a hope.
Ok so is this a ground. "He is the propitiation on account of (because of) our sins? Or "He is the propitiation with reference to our sins?" I think the second one makes more sense because the question is "with reference to what did he have to become a satisfaction?" With reference to our sins.
This one has driven me crazy. Is it conditional, because of the "if", or is it means because of the "by" in the anchor phrase. I'm going to go with conditional because I think its stressing the doing of his commandments more than his commandments being an instrument by which we know something.
I feel I want to ditch this negative because it is not necessary and might even add confusion to the double negative.
I'm not sure if this is always right, but when there is a strong connection, like on this "For" which obviously indicates a relationship to the previous sentence, I went ahead and broke the sentence rule.
I feel like Im tempted to connect this statement to v15 as a Negative/Positive, but that it's just getting too big. The idea would be "Don't love the world BUT RATHER abide forever (doing the will of God)." I'm gonna do it, we'll see what Andy says.
Plain to who? Probably, since this "going out" is a public event, the idea is that it is plain to the whole world who is a Christian and who is not. Then in V20 "But" refers not to how the whole world knows that certain members are not Christians, but how Christians are able to know that certain members are not Christians.
It seems to connect on both sides. The NET has a note that because 20c "all" is a best understood as a plural nominative and therefore connects well with the previous verse distinguishing the Christian's knowledge from what is plain to all. So that even though the unbeliever's going out made their identity plain, the believer might have already known that through the Holy Spirit. In regards to the statement below V20, it would seem that V20 gives a ground concerning why they know the truth, and even more, the nature of truth (no lie is of the truth), its because of the anointing, so I labeled it a ground.
Andy, I would greatly appreciate your take on when (for the purposes of the class or in general) we should seek to connect the logical relationships between whole sentences. I find myself compelled to do so when the connection is strong. You made mention of something similar as you looked at V20. Is it beneficial to look for more sentence to sentence connections? At what point should we lay down our phrase and pick up a bracket of the same passage?
Could this connect with verses 24a? What you heard...specifically "the promise." Or is it because of the promise that we should let what we heard abide in us? Not very strong, not going to do it.
I considered that this might be a different relationship, like reference, or producer, since the content is a bit different. But upon considering it, I think what it's saying is something "the normal life in this world kind of pride." The kind of pride that is associated with simply living. In other words, just being alive connects you with this kind of pride. It distinguishes it from the kind of pride that is easily notable in people, that creates the impression that there are some prideful and some not. There is a pride that everyone shares, which is indelibly associated with life in general.
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.