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Matthew's published pages
Phrase.
Philippians 2:12-18
Main grammatical points: v.
Think Like Christ: the Preference of Humility
Phrase.
Philippians 2:1-11
Phrase.
Philippians 1:27-30
Main point : "Let your life be worthy of the gospel.
Let Your Life be Worthy of the Gospel
Introduction:  1.
Magnify Christ, Whether Life or Death
Phrase.
Philippians 1:18-26
Phrase.
Philippians 1:12-18
Phrase.
Philippians 1:1-11
Arc.
Philippians 1:27-30
Arc.
Philippians 1:18-26
Arc.
Philippians 1:12-18
Arc.
Philippians 1:9-11
Arc.
Ephesians 6:21-24
Arc.
Ephesians 6:10-20
Arc.
1 Timothy 2:1-7
1.
Submit to One Another: Children & Fathers, Slaves & Masters
Arc.
Ephesians 6:1-9
SUBMIT TO ONE ANOTHER: Husbands and wives 1.
Submit to One Another: Husbands & Wives
Arc.
Ephesians 5:21-33
1.
Be Filled by the Spirit
Arc.
Ephesians 5:15-21
*Imperatives are not blank and bland statements.
Once Darkness, now Light in the LORD
Arc.
Ephesians 5:3-14
Diagram.
Matthew 5:17-20
Arc.
Matthew 5:17-20
1.
Be Imitators of God: Walk in Love
Arc.
Ephesians 4:25-5:2
Arc.
Ephesians 4:17-24
1.
Become Who You Are in Christ
Arc.
Ephesians 4:1-16
1.
Paul's 2nd Prayer: "Be filled with all the fulness of God"
Arc.
Ephesians 3:14-21
Arc.
Ephesians 3:1-13
BIG QUESTION: How is  Ephesians 3:1-13  functioning within the letter of Ephesians? I take Eph.
Parenthetical Commentary: The Mystery of the gospel
1.
Ephesians 2:11-22
Arc.
Ephesians 2:11-22
Textual notes: Q2 : V.
Ephesians 1:15-23
In general, I see a gradual progression conceptually (not grammatically).
Ephesians 1:3-14
view all (40 total)
By Grace We Have Been Saved
Ephesians 2:1-10
1.
Published February 13th, 2014
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This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
notes 1452680590222 Disclaimer This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
Notes
2014-02-07 14:35:02
2014-02-11 19:43:00
1. You were dead in your sins (vv.1-3). (Id) - Paul is recalling their old ("formerly", "once lived" language) life. Notice the "temporal" aspect of vv.2 and 3a. - But Paul is not stressing "temporal-ness" here, I don't think. Rather, he is trying to make a point that is focused on deadness of nature. - Romans 3:10. Doesn't matter who you are: Jew or Gentile "we were by nature children of wrath". walked in the ways of this world following the ruler of this world (i.e. the "Devil") oppressed spiritually disobedience (to God) marked my life Lived in accordance with the Devil's authority lived in the passions of the flesh Did what the body and mind desired (Ex) World, devil, flesh (vv.2-3)(cf. 1john 2:16 ) past and present contrast: in the past the Ephesians "walked" according to this age (v.2); but now, in Christ, they "walk" in the good works God prepared for them (O'Brien, pg.158). Verdict : In God's eyes we were "children of wrath" by nature (v.3). God's disposition to me was one of wrath. Know your past. Know what God saved you from. You won't love grace if you don't where you were. We didn't sin unwillingly. We did "the desires of the body and mind". I felt like I was in charge; I felt like I was doing what came naturally (because I was!). But Paul is saying that we weren't free. We were the opposite of free. We were under the "prince of the authority of the air". We were in bondage. We were slaves. The cultural implications are amazing. In attempts to demonstrate personal, sexual, and religious freedom and ethics, the culture at large reveals not freedom but slavery. *Kids/wondering adults - you want to abandon your parents' teaching and wisdom, or Christian gospel in an attempt to be "free"? To "explore" who you are, or "sow your wild oats"? Hear this : that isn't freedom. That's slavery. But the slavery doesn't come from physical shackles and chains: but desires . Ways of thinking ("what do I want"?); ways of feeling . Giving into the ways of my body - whether sexually or abuse, or murder. Spiritual deadness numbs your affection, thinking, and feeling for God. You're not free. You are under the clutches of a spirit that is genuinely at work in your life. And if you keep living that way, Paul says, wrath awaits you. *The phrase "children of wrath": sound familiar? Jesus said in John 8:39, 44. When you live how Paul is describing in vv.1-3 you reveal who you Father is: the devil (this reflects the cosmic struggle from the beginning of the Bible: offspring of the serpent vs.offspring of the woman). Paul is going into great detail concerning their "deadness" in order to make much of grace. Highlight and examine deadness in order to make much of grace. Good quote from O'Brien: "the past is recalled not because the emphasis falls upon it, but in order to draw attention to God's mighty action in Christ" (pg.158). 2. By grace, God saved us (vv.4-7). God's gracious response to our situation. - made us alive in Christ - raised us up with Christ (Romans 6:8) - seated us in the heavenly places in Christ. *All of this is God's action/doing, and it stems from his mercy (v.4). *the 3 verbs in vv.4-7 are God's actions; as opposed to the three verbs in vv.1-3, revealing our actions. "Mercy" of God in the OT: Exodus.34:6 and Psalm.103:8. "raised" and "seated" is applied to us - the same reality that happened to Jesus (1:20). Christ's resurrection (the "first fruit") was the pioneering resurrection for all of his chosen people to follow. Because Christ was raised from the dead, we can be raised too. And since we're "in Christ", we too have been "raised" and "seated" with him. The same "work" that was at work in Jesus' life is what saved, raised, and seated us. Purpose : "so that...the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus" might be shown (v.7). *This might be Tom Steller's favorite verse in the whole Bible. Wow! - God saves us in order to display throughout the ages ( Q1 ) his grace and kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. 3. Saved by grace for good works ("New Creation") (vv.8-10). - not saved by good works; but saved for good works."Good works are the fruit of salvation, not the cause", O'Brien pg. 178. - we are saved by "grace through faith". "Saved by grace" from v.5 is unpacked in vv.8-9. Purpose of grace, that "no one may boast". This is different that saying that we are saved, raised, and seated, "so that no one may boast". The text does not say that. Rather, the text says that "grace" was given so that no one may boast, and that being "saved, raised, and seated" is for God's riches in grace to be seen in the coming ages. Yet, how seeing a big distinction between the two is unclear. They are both so divinely appointed and close together that they are almost the exact same thing; but there is some nuance and technicality that I'm pointing out. vv.8-9: Paul makes plain that this salvation is all of God and none of man. He does this by talking positively (+) and negatively (-). to verb "to walk" bookends this section (v.2, 10), to show the contrast of the old/new nature. We used to "walk" in the deeds and nature of the Devil. Now we "walk" in the new life God supplied through Jesus. Our old "walking" made us children of wrath; our new "walking" is the fruit of our being saved (i.e. "good works"). Q2 : relationship of v.10 to vv.8-9?
11391783702553 1391783702550 Notes 2014-02-07 14:35:02 2014-02-11 19:43:00 1. You were dead in your sins (vv.1-3). (Id) - Paul is recalling their old ("formerly", "once lived" language) life. Notice the "temporal" aspect of vv.2 and 3a. - But Paul is not stressing "temporal-ness" here, I don't think. Rather, he is trying to make a point that is focused on deadness of nature. - Romans 3:10. Doesn't matter who you are: Jew or Gentile "we were by nature children of wrath". walked in the ways of this world following the ruler of this world (i.e. the "Devil") oppressed spiritually disobedience (to God) marked my life Lived in accordance with the Devil's authority lived in the passions of the flesh Did what the body and mind desired (Ex) World, devil, flesh (vv.2-3)(cf. 1john 2:16 ) past and present contrast: in the past the Ephesians "walked" according to this age (v.2); but now, in Christ, they "walk" in the good works God prepared for them (O'Brien, pg.158). Verdict : In God's eyes we were "children of wrath" by nature (v.3). God's disposition to me was one of wrath. Know your past. Know what God saved you from. You won't love grace if you don't where you were. We didn't sin unwillingly. We did "the desires of the body and mind". I felt like I was in charge; I felt like I was doing what came naturally (because I was!). But Paul is saying that we weren't free. We were the opposite of free. We were under the "prince of the authority of the air". We were in bondage. We were slaves. The cultural implications are amazing. In attempts to demonstrate personal, sexual, and religious freedom and ethics, the culture at large reveals not freedom but slavery. *Kids/wondering adults - you want to abandon your parents' teaching and wisdom, or Christian gospel in an attempt to be "free"? To "explore" who you are, or "sow your wild oats"? Hear this : that isn't freedom. That's slavery. But the slavery doesn't come from physical shackles and chains: but desires . Ways of thinking ("what do I want"?); ways of feeling . Giving into the ways of my body - whether sexually or abuse, or murder. Spiritual deadness numbs your affection, thinking, and feeling for God. You're not free. You are under the clutches of a spirit that is genuinely at work in your life. And if you keep living that way, Paul says, wrath awaits you. *The phrase "children of wrath": sound familiar? Jesus said in John 8:39, 44. When you live how Paul is describing in vv.1-3 you reveal who you Father is: the devil (this reflects the cosmic struggle from the beginning of the Bible: offspring of the serpent vs.offspring of the woman). Paul is going into great detail concerning their "deadness" in order to make much of grace. Highlight and examine deadness in order to make much of grace. Good quote from O'Brien: "the past is recalled not because the emphasis falls upon it, but in order to draw attention to God's mighty action in Christ" (pg.158). 2. By grace, God saved us (vv.4-7). God's gracious response to our situation. - made us alive in Christ - raised us up with Christ (Romans 6:8) - seated us in the heavenly places in Christ. *All of this is God's action/doing, and it stems from his mercy (v.4). *the 3 verbs in vv.4-7 are God's actions; as opposed to the three verbs in vv.1-3, revealing our actions. "Mercy" of God in the OT: Exodus.34:6 and Psalm.103:8. "raised" and "seated" is applied to us - the same reality that happened to Jesus (1:20). Christ's resurrection (the "first fruit") was the pioneering resurrection for all of his chosen people to follow. Because Christ was raised from the dead, we can be raised too. And since we're "in Christ", we too have been "raised" and "seated" with him. The same "work" that was at work in Jesus' life is what saved, raised, and seated us. Purpose : "so that...the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus" might be shown (v.7). *This might be Tom Steller's favorite verse in the whole Bible. Wow! - God saves us in order to display throughout the ages ( Q1 ) his grace and kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. 3. Saved by grace for good works ("New Creation") (vv.8-10). - not saved by good works; but saved for good works."Good works are the fruit of salvation, not the cause", O'Brien pg. 178. - we are saved by "grace through faith". "Saved by grace" from v.5 is unpacked in vv.8-9. Purpose of grace, that "no one may boast". This is different that saying that we are saved, raised, and seated, "so that no one may boast". The text does not say that. Rather, the text says that "grace" was given so that no one may boast, and that being "saved, raised, and seated" is for God's riches in grace to be seen in the coming ages. Yet, how seeing a big distinction between the two is unclear. They are both so divinely appointed and close together that they are almost the exact same thing; but there is some nuance and technicality that I'm pointing out. vv.8-9: Paul makes plain that this salvation is all of God and none of man. He does this by talking positively (+) and negatively (-). to verb "to walk" bookends this section (v.2, 10), to show the contrast of the old/new nature. We used to "walk" in the deeds and nature of the Devil. Now we "walk" in the new life God supplied through Jesus. Our old "walking" made us children of wrath; our new "walking" is the fruit of our being saved (i.e. "good works"). Q2 : relationship of v.10 to vv.8-9? notes
Arc
2014-02-07 14:35:02
2014-02-13 16:26:19
editing
NT
Ephesians 2:1-10
na28
esv
Καὶ ὑμᾶς ὄντας νεκροὺς τοῖς παραπτώμασιν καὶ ταῖς ἁμαρτίαις ὑμῶν,
( Statement regarding our old nature) And you were dead in your trespasses and sins
ἐν αἷς ποτε περιεπατήσατε κατὰ τὸν αἰῶνα τοῦ κόσμου τούτου, κατὰ τὸν ἄρχοντα τῆς ἐξουσίας τοῦ ἀέρος, τοῦ πνεύματος τοῦ νῦν ἐνεργοῦντος ἐν τοῖς υἱοῖς τῆς ἀπειθείας•
( Explanation of former nature) in which you once walked , according to the age of this world, according to the prince of the authority of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience—
ἐν οἷς καὶ ἡμεῖς πάντες ἀνεστράφημέν ποτε ἐν ταῖς ἐπιθυμίαις τῆς σαρκὸς ἡμῶν
( Shift in perspective ; Paul now includes all Jews) in which we all also lived in the passions of our flesh,
ποιοῦντες τὰ θελήματα τῆς σαρκὸς καὶ τῶν διανοιῶν,
(With the result that ) doing the desires of the body and the mind,
actionresult
series
καὶ ἤμεθα τέκνα φύσει ὀργῆς
(So we can only conclude ) and we (all) were by nature children of wrath,
ὡς καὶ οἱ λοιποί•
like the rest of mankind (were).
comparison
ideaexplanation
ὁ δὲ θεὸς
( God's gracious nature and initiative ) But God,
πλούσιος ὢν ἐν ἐλέει, διὰ τὴν πολλὴν ἀγάπην αὐτοῦ ἣν ἠγάπησεν ἡμᾶς,
being rich in mercy, on account of the great love with which he loved us,
καὶ ὄντας ἡμᾶς νεκροὺς τοῖς παραπτώμασιν
even when we were dead in our trespasses,
concessive
συνεζωοποίησεν τῷ Χριστῷ,
( God's mercy demonstrated toward us) made us alive together with Christ—
- χάριτί ἐστε σεσῳσμένοι -
by grace you have been saved—
ground
καὶ συνήγειρεν
and raised us up with him
καὶ συνεκάθισεν ἐν τοῖς ἐπουρανίοις ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ,
and seated us with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus,
ἵνα ἐνδείξηται ἐν τοῖς αἰῶσιν τοῖς ἐπερχομένοις τὸ ὑπερβάλλον πλοῦτος τῆς χάριτος αὐτοῦ ἐν χρηστότητι ἐφʼ ἡμᾶς ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ.
( Purpose of God saving us) so that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.
actionpurpose
Τῇ γὰρ χάριτί ἐστε σεσῳσμένοι διὰ πίστεως•
( Ground for our salvation in vv.4-6) For by grace you have been saved through faith.
καὶ τοῦτο οὐκ ἐξ ὑμῶν,
And this (saved by grace) is not from you;
θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον•
(Rather, our salvation...) it is the gift of God,
οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων,
not a result of works,
negativepositive
ἵνα μή τις καυχήσηται.
so that no one may boast.
αὐτοῦ γάρ ἐσμεν ποίημα,
( Further explanation why not to boast) For we are his workmanship,
κτισθέντες ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ ἐπὶ ἔργοις ἀγαθοῖς
created in Christ Jesus for good works,
actionmanner
οἷς προητοίμασεν ὁ θεός,
( When God prepared our good works) which God prepared beforehand,
temporal
ἵνα ἐν αὐτοῖς περιπατήσωμεν.
( Purpose of God's workmanship) that we should walk in them (the "good works").
locative
situationresponse
na28
discourse
11391783702572 1391783702550 Arc 2014-02-07 14:35:02 2014-02-13 16:26:19 editing NT 49 2 1 2 10 Ephesians 2:1-10 na28 esv i1269322 i1269323 i1269299 Καὶ ὑμᾶς ὄντας νεκροὺς τοῖς παραπτώμασιν καὶ ταῖς ἁμαρτίαις ὑμῶν, ( Statement regarding our old nature) And you were dead in your trespasses and sins i1269324 i1269325 i1269300 ἐν αἷς ποτε περιεπατήσατε κατὰ τὸν αἰῶνα τοῦ κόσμου τούτου, κατὰ τὸν ἄρχοντα τῆς ἐξουσίας τοῦ ἀέρος, τοῦ πνεύματος τοῦ νῦν ἐνεργοῦντος ἐν τοῖς υἱοῖς τῆς ἀπειθείας• ( Explanation of former nature) in which you once walked , according to the age of this world, according to the prince of the authority of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience— i1269326 i1269301 ἐν οἷς καὶ ἡμεῖς πάντες ἀνεστράφημέν ποτε ἐν ταῖς ἐπιθυμίαις τῆς σαρκὸς ἡμῶν ( Shift in perspective ; Paul now includes all Jews) in which we all also lived in the passions of our flesh, i1269302 ποιοῦντες τὰ θελήματα τῆς σαρκὸς καὶ τῶν διανοιῶν, (With the result that ) doing the desires of the body and the mind, actionresult 2 series i1269327 i1269303 καὶ ἤμεθα τέκνα φύσει ὀργῆς (So we can only conclude ) and we (all) were by nature children of wrath, i1269304 ὡς καὶ οἱ λοιποί• like the rest of mankind (were). comparison 1 ideaexplanation 1 i1269328 i1269329 i1269330 i1269331 i1269332 i1269305 ὁ δὲ θεὸς ( God's gracious nature and initiative ) But God, i1269306 πλούσιος ὢν ἐν ἐλέει, διὰ τὴν πολλὴν ἀγάπην αὐτοῦ ἣν ἠγάπησεν ἡμᾶς, being rich in mercy, on account of the great love with which he loved us, ideaexplanation 1 i1269307 καὶ ὄντας ἡμᾶς νεκροὺς τοῖς παραπτώμασιν even when we were dead in our trespasses, concessive 2 1 i1269333 i1269334 i1269308 συνεζωοποίησεν τῷ Χριστῷ, ( God's mercy demonstrated toward us) made us alive together with Christ— i1269309 - χάριτί ἐστε σεσῳσμένοι - by grace you have been saved— ground 1 i1269310 καὶ συνήγειρεν and raised us up with him i1269311 καὶ συνεκάθισεν ἐν τοῖς ἐπουρανίοις ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ, and seated us with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, ideaexplanation 1 i1269312 ἵνα ἐνδείξηται ἐν τοῖς αἰῶσιν τοῖς ἐπερχομένοις τὸ ὑπερβάλλον πλοῦτος τῆς χάριτος αὐτοῦ ἐν χρηστότητι ἐφʼ ἡμᾶς ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ. ( Purpose of God saving us) so that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. actionpurpose 2 i1269335 i1269336 i1269313 Τῇ γὰρ χάριτί ἐστε σεσῳσμένοι διὰ πίστεως• ( Ground for our salvation in vv.4-6) For by grace you have been saved through faith. i1269337 i1269338 i1269314 καὶ τοῦτο οὐκ ἐξ ὑμῶν, And this (saved by grace) is not from you; i1269339 i1269315 θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον• (Rather, our salvation...) it is the gift of God, i1269316 οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων, not a result of works, ideaexplanation 1 negativepositive 2 i1269317 ἵνα μή τις καυχήσηται. so that no one may boast. actionpurpose 2 ideaexplanation 1 i1269340 i1269341 i1269342 i1269318 αὐτοῦ γάρ ἐσμεν ποίημα, ( Further explanation why not to boast) For we are his workmanship, i1269319 κτισθέντες ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ ἐπὶ ἔργοις ἀγαθοῖς created in Christ Jesus for good works, actionmanner 1 i1269320 οἷς προητοίμασεν ὁ θεός, ( When God prepared our good works) which God prepared beforehand, temporal 1 i1269321 ἵνα ἐν αὐτοῖς περιπατήσωμεν. ( Purpose of God's workmanship) that we should walk in them (the "good works"). actionpurpose 2 ground 1 locative 1 1 situationresponse 2 1 1 1 na28 25 esv 25 a 50 90 90 discourse
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