Shared September 28th, 2018; Updated September 28th, 2018
e Blessed be f the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing g in the heavenly places,
h even as he chose us in him j before the foundation of the world, that we should be k holy and blameless before him. In love l he predestined us 1 for m adoption as sons through Jesus Christ, n according to the purpose of his will , o to the praise of his glorious grace , with which he has blessed us in p the Beloved.
In him we have redemption s through his blood, t the forgiveness of our trespasses, u according to the riches of his grace , which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight v making known 1 to us the mystery of his will, n according to his purpose , which he w set forth in Christ as a plan for x the fullness of time, y to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth.
In him we have obtained an inheritance , a having been predestined b according to the purpose of him who works all things according to c the counsel of his will, so that we who were the first to hope in Christ might be d to the praise of his glory .
In him you also , when you heard e the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit , who is h the guarantee 1 of our i inheritance until j we acquire k possession of it, 2 l to the praise of his glory .
We should first consider what connection is made by the phrase "even as." Verse three is a statement of praise to God the Father in light of all the spiritual blessings he has granted to us. How has he blessed us? " Even as..." or "in this way..." or "by doing..." In other words, what we expect to follow are some examples of what those spiritual blessings are. One of the patterns that stands out in v. 4-14 is the repeated phrase, "in him..." In fact, this was the key marker that indicated where to divide v.4-14 into four units: he chose us in him; in him we have redemption; in him we have obtained an inheritance; and in him you were sealed with the Holy Spirit. This has a strong link back to verse three, where Paul highlights that the blessings the Father has bestowed, he has bestowed in Christ . Other repetitions add to the links across each unit: That these blessings are granted according to the purposes (and grace) of God is highlighted three times. Likewise there is a repeated statement of the ultimate purpose of these blessings - to the praise of his glory. Thus, in this passage we have a declaration of praise to God for the bounty of spiritual blessings that he has granted in Christ Jesus, followed by a four-fold exposition of those blessings.