My heart overflows with a pleasing theme;
The Poet's Enthusiasm
I address my verses to the king;
my tongue is like the pen of a ready scribe.
You are the most handsome of the sons of men;
The King's Beauty
grace is poured upon your lips;
therefore God has blessed you forever.
Gird your sword on your thigh, O mighty one,
The King's Victorious Procession
in your splendor and majesty!
In your majesty ride out victoriously
for the cause of truth
let your right hand teach you awesome deeds!
Your arrows are sharp
in the heart of the king’s enemies;
the peoples fall under you.
Your throne, O God, is forever and ever.
The King's Glorious Reign
The scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of uprightness;
you have loved righteousness
and hated wickedness.
Therefore God, your God, has anointed you
with the oil of gladness
beyond your companions;
your robes are all fragrant with myrrh
From ivory palaces stringed instruments make you glad;
daughters of kings are among your ladies of honor;
at your right hand stands the queen in gold of Ophir.
Hear, O daughter,
The Bride's Beauty
and incline your ear:
forget your people
and your father’s house,
and the king will desire your beauty.
Since he is your lord,
bow to him.
The people of Tyre will seek your favor with gifts,
The Bride's Joyful Procession
the richest of the people.
All glorious is the princess in her chamber,
with robes interwoven with gold.
In many- colored robes she is led to the king,
with her virgin companions following behind her.
With joy and gladness they are led along
as they enter the palace of the king.
In place of your fathers shall be your sons;
The King's Dynasty
you will make them princes
in all the earth.
I will cause your name to be remembered
The Poet's Aim
in all generations;
therefore nations will praise you
forever and ever.
The manner in which the writer of Hebrews introduces OT quotations is significant. Here he assumes two major premises: 1) that God is the one speaking, and 2) that Psalm 45 is speaking explicitly of the Messiah. The passages from Revelation contain significant themes which I have highlighted in color to highlight the parallels with Psalm 45.
8 But of the Son he says , r “ Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom. 9 You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, s has anointed you with t the oil of gladness beyond your companions .”
7 Let us rejoice and exult and give him the glory, for a the marriage of the Lamb has come , and b his Bride has made herself ready; 8 c it was granted her to clothe herself with fine linen, bright and pure”— for the fine linen is d the righteous deeds of the saints . 9 And the angel said 1 to me, “Write this: e Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.” And he said to me, f “These are the true words of God.”
The Rider on a White Horse 11 Then I saw j heaven opened, and behold, k a white horse! The one sitting on it is called l Faithful and True, and m in righteousness he judges and makes war. 12 n His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are o many diadems, and he has p a name written that no one knows but himself . 13 He is clothed in q a robe dipped in 1 blood, and the name by which he is called is r The Word of God. 14 And the armies of heaven, s arrayed in fine linen, white and pure, t were following him on white horses. 15 u From his mouth comes a sharp sword v with which to strike down the nations, and w he will rule them with a rod of iron. x He will tread the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty. 16 On his robe and on his thigh y he has a name written, z King of kings and Lord of lords .
The New Heaven and the New Earth 21 1 Then I saw y a new heaven and a new earth, for z the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. 2 And I saw a the holy city, b new Jerusalem, c coming down out of heaven from God, d prepared e as a bride adorned for her husband . 3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Behold, f the dwelling place 1 of God is with man. He will g dwell with them, and they will be his people, 2 and God himself will be with them as their God. 3 4 h He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and i death shall be no more, j neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.” 5 And k he who was seated on the throne said, “Behold, I l am making all things new.” Also he said, “Write this down, for m these words are trustworthy and true.” 6 And he said to me, n “It is done! o I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end . p To the thirsty I will give from the spring of the water of life without payment. 7 q The one who conquers will have this heritage, and r I will be his God and s he will be my son. 8 t But as for the cowardly, the faithless, the detestable, as for murderers, the sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars, u their portion will be in v the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is w the second death.” The New Jerusalem 9 Then came x one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of y the seven last plagues and spoke to me, saying, “ Come , I will show you z the Bride, the wife of the Lamb.” 10 And a he carried me away in the Spirit to b a great, high mountain, and showed me the holy city Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God, 11 c having the glory of God, d its radiance e like a most rare jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal . 12 It had a great, high wall, f with twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and on the gates the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel were inscribed— 13 on the east three gates, on the north three gates, on the south three gates, and on the west three gates. 14 And the wall of the city had twelve g foundations, and h on them were the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
22 And o I saw no temple in the city, for its temple is the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb. 23 And the city p has no need of sun or moon to shine on it, for q the glory of God gives it light, and its lamp is the Lamb. 24 By its light r will the nations walk, and the kings of the earth s will bring their glory into it, 25 and t its gates will never be shut by day—and u there will be no night there. 26 They will bring into it the glory and the honor of the nations . 27 But v nothing unclean will ever enter it, nor anyone who does what is detestable or false, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s w book of life. The River of Life 22 1 Then the angel 1 showed me x the river of y the water of life, bright as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb 2 through the middle of z the street of the city; a also, on either side of the river, b the tree of life 1 with its twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit each month. The leaves of the tree were c for the healing of the nations. 3 d No longer will there be anything accursed, but e the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and f his servants 1 will worship him. 4 g They will see his face, and h his name will be on their foreheads. 5 And i night will be no more. They will need no light of lamp j or sun, for k the Lord God will be their light, and l they will reign forever and ever .