Michael Lane
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The grace of God trains us to renounce sin
Titus 2:11-12
God communicates in words proclaimed, received, accepted, and now at work among believers
1 Thessalonians 2:13
There is a river flowing right through the middle of God's eternal city. We may indeed be refreshed by its waters even now.
Psalms 46
Satan may be powerful, but God is sovereign!
1 Thessalonians 2:17-3:13
1 Peter 5:12-14
An exhortation from a fellow elder.
1 Peter 5:1-11
1 Peter 4:12-19
...therefore live so as to magnify Christ.
1 Peter 4:7-11
1 Peter 3:13-17
1 Peter 3:1-7
1 Peter 2:18-25
1 Peter 2:11-17
An Exhortation to Gospel-Rooted Love
1 Peter 1:22-2:3
1 Peter 1:13-21
A Greeting Packed Full with Theological Truth
1 Peter 1:1-5
Christ fulfills Psalm 8 on our behalf
Hebrews 2:5-18
Jesus: the exact and perfect revelation of God
Hebrews 1:1-14
Romans 7:13-25
The Hour has Come.
John 12:20-26
Light From the Father.
John 12:44-50
The Nature of Unbelief.
John 12:37-43
Sons of Light.
John 12:27-36
Sons of Light.
John 12:27-36
Philippians 3:12-16
Philippians 3:7-11
Philippians 3:17-4:1
2 Timothy 3:10-17
Philippians 1:3-11
Destroying Strongholds
2 Corinthians 10:1-6
Central Idea: Paul declares that he is going to defend himself so that the accusation of inconsisten...
2 Corinthians 10:7-11
Central Idea: Paul declares he would not dare to join the fray of 'ministry comparisons.
2 Corinthians 10:12-18
Central Idea: Paul asks the Corinthians to bear with him as he enters into the foolishness of boasti...
2 Corinthians 11:1-6
Central Idea:   All praise to God for the treasure of blessings we have in Christ, namely: He c...
Ephesians 1:3-14
Central Idea: Paul will not give an inch in this matter of preaching free of charge.
2 Corinthians 11:7-15
Central Idea: Paul, finally ready to meet boasting with boasting, makes an ironical appeal: "You've ...
2 Corinthians 11:16-21
Central Idea: Having unraveled all his opponents' categories of boasting (v.
2 Corinthians 11:30-33
Central Idea: Paul will go on to speak of his visions, however to boast of such things is a worthless exercise in self-promotion.
2 Corinthians 12:1-10
Central Idea: None of this has been for Paul's sake (in self-defense) but for their sake; His fear i...
2 Corinthians 12:19-21
Central Idea: Paul sighs, "Ugh! It's done.
2 Corinthians 12:11-18
Central Idea: Paul addresses a supposed implication of 5:20, ".
Romans 6:1-14
Central Idea: Paul's prayers of thanksgiving for the Colossian believers are in response to Epaphras...
Colossians 1:3-8
Central Idea: Paul relates the substance of his prayers on behalf of the Colossian believers: that t...
Colossians 1:9-14
Central Idea: Paul's prayer for the Colossians overflows into a hymn of praise declaring the glories...
Colossians 1:15-20
Central Idea: Paul calls the Colossians to not allow the intruders to either pass judgment on them o...
Colossians 2:16-23
Central Idea: In contrast to those that would steer them away from Christ, Paul calls the Colossians...
Colossians 3:1-4
Central Idea: The direct inference from setting one's mind on heavenly things is the command, "put to death what is earthly in you.
Colossians 3:5-11
Central Idea: Here is the practical culmination of all that Paul has been driving toward: Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly.
Colossians 3:12-17
Central Idea: Paul details what it looks like to obey v.
Colossians 3:18-4:1
I'm curious to see how others arc v.
Mark 2:18-20
Central Idea: God has graciously and abundantly provided all that we need to live in godliness.
2 Peter 1:3-11
Central Idea: Because growth in Christian maturity is not automatic, Peter will confidently remind h...
2 Peter 1:12-15
Central Idea: Paul exhorts his readers to walk in sacrificial love which stands in sharp contrast to...
Ephesians 5:1-14
This a simplified alternate to my arc "Walk as Children of Light.
Ephesians 5:1-14
Apposition = two words or phrases side by side performing the same grammatical role in a sentence.
Titus 2:11-14
Summary:   In the fear of God, Paul persuades others because he is controlled by the love of Christ.
2 Corinthians 5:11-21
Summary: It is not to angels that God has subjected the world to come; It is subjected to The Man, (...
Hebrews 2:5-9
What 10,000 ways might we live out the truth that Christ has killed the hostility between us?
Ephesians 2:11-22
I found this to be a very difficult passage to arc but, as always, worth the effort of pressing on u...
Ephesians 3:1-13
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That He Might Bring Us To God
1 Peter 3:18-22
A knotty passage indeed!
Published July 10th, 2014; Updated July 13th, 2018
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1 Peter
1 Peter 3:18-22
ὅτι καὶ Χριστὸς ἅπαξ περὶ ἁμαρτιῶν ἀπέθανεν , δίκαιος ὑπὲρ ἀδίκων,
For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous,
ἵνα ὑμᾶς προσαγάγῃ τῷ θεῷ,
[in order] that he might bring us to God,
θανατωθεὶς μὲν σαρκὶ
being [in that he was ] put to death in the flesh
ζῳοποιηθεὶς δὲ πνεύματι·
but made alive in the spirit,
ἐν ᾧ καὶ τοῖς ἐν φυλακῇ πνεύμασιν πορευθεὶς ἐκήρυξεν , ἀπειθήσασίν ποτε ὅτε ἀπεξεδέχετο ἡ τοῦ θεοῦ μακροθυμία ἐν ἡμέραις Νῶε κατασκευαζομένης κιβωτοῦ,
in which he went and proclaimed to th e spirits in prison, because they [who] formerly did not obey , when God's patience waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared ,
εἰς ἣν ὀλίγοι , τοῦτ’ ἔστιν ὀκτὼ ψυχαί, διεσώθησαν δι’ ὕδατος.
in which a few , that is, eight persons, were brought safely through water.
ὃ καὶ ὑμᾶς ἀντίτυπον νῦν σῴζει βάπτισμα ,
Baptism , which corresponds to this, now saves you,
οὐ σαρκὸς ἀπόθεσις ῥύπου
not as a removal of dirt from the body
ἀλλὰ συνειδήσεως ἀγαθῆς ἐπερώτημα εἰς θεόν, δι’ ἀναστάσεως Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, ὅς ἐστιν ἐν δεξιᾷ θεοῦ, πορευθεὶς εἰς οὐρανόν, ὑποταγέντων αὐτῷ ἀγγέλων καὶ ἐξουσιῶν καὶ δυνάμεων.
but as an appeal to God for a good conscience, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, with angels, authorities, and powers having been subjected to him.
These final two arcs are really only noun clauses, but they could be restated with a subject and predicate. See my explanations below.
v.20b, I show this as Comparison because Peter states the ark delivering a few safely through water is a type and baptism is the antitype. A type helps us understand the antitype by showing what it is like = comparison.
Central Idea: (Flowing directly from v.13-17 where Peter states suffering for the sake of righteousness has as its ultimate end, blessing not defeat), Peter now presents Christ as the supreme example of one who knows what it is to suffer for doing good and experience the blessings - indeed, the complete victory, that came as a result. Baptism is the believer's participation in this resurrection victory which was announced over those defeated. Explanations / Questions: v.18, ὅτι καὶ (for also..) connects this unit to the previous (v.13-17) as a Comparison (example). At first, and maybe second glance, v.19-21 seem at best parenthetical, at worst confusingly disconnected. However, Peter has demonstrated such skill in weaving the OT into his own argumentation that we ought to take care to see how this passage fits within both its immediate context and the letter as a whole. One tool that has helped me see a passage more clearly is to restate the simple subject-predicate clauses, and then fill in the conjunctions: Christ suffered in order that He might bring us to God in that He was put to death in the flesh yet He was made alive in the spirit as a result He proclaimed to the spirits and moreover just as A few were safely delivered through water so Baptism now saves you that is Baptism is not a removal of dirt but Baptism is an appeal to God Insights: This passage fits perfectly within Peter's overall aim to encourage believers facing such trials and persecution that they are in danger of losing hope that God cares for them or will fulfill his salvation promises. Peter has already affirmed that suffering is not only not a sign that God has removed his caring hand, but is in fact a means God uses to bring about greater glory and blessing. He has also presented Christ as an example of godly suffering (a point he will come back to in ch.4). Now Christ's sufferings are shown to be the means by which he vanquishes his enemies and brings his people to God - a reality that those who put their hope in God can take courage in and be assured that their union with Christ is secure.
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.