Main point summary
Since it is God who has prepared life at home with Him in heaven and has even given us His Spirit as a guarantee, therefore (1) we have a renewed inner self that does not lose heart in this evil age and (2) we have a faith-driven, sight-defying courage at all times. For this reason, we make it our ambition to exalt Him whether by life or by death.
2 Corinthians 4:16-5:10
So we do not lose heart.
f Though our outer self 1 is wasting away,
g our inner self h is being renewed
day by day.
For i this light momentary affliction
is preparing for us an eternal weight of glory
beyond all comparison,
j as we look not to the things that are seen
but to the things that are unseen.
For the things that are seen are transient,
but the things that are unseen are eternal.
For we know that if k the tent that is l our earthly home is destroyed,
we have a building from God,
m a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
For in this tent n we groan,
longing to o put on our heavenly dwelling,
if indeed by putting it on 1
we may not be found naked.
For while we are still in this tent,
not that we would be unclothed,
but that we would be further clothed,
so that what is mortal p may be swallowed up by life.
He who has prepared us for this very thing is God,
q who has given us the Spirit as a guarantee.
So we are always of good courage.
We know that r while we are at home in the body
we are away from the Lord,
for s we walk by faith, not t by sight.
Yes, we are of good courage,
and we u would rather be away from the body
and at home with the Lord.
So whether we are at home
we make it our aim to v please him.
For w we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ,
x so that each one may receive what is due for what he has done in the body, whether good or evil.
Romans 8:18 James 1:2-4
Your love is better than life.. Better is one day in your courts than a thousand elsewhere. In your presence is fullness of joy
The physical body is in the process of decay and will eventually die. On the surface Paul was referring to the normal aging process, but with the added emphasis that his lifestyle sped up that process. While not an old man, Paul wore himself out in ministry, both in the effort and pace he maintained, plus the number of beatings and attacks he absorbed from his enemies
in order to not be found naked or unclothed, which likely refers to the intermediate state in which believers' spirits are with God but they do not yet enjoy their resurrected bodies.
We have a renewed inner self that does not lose heart
“The judgment seat of Christ” determines not status but reward. Christians are already delivered from “the works of the law” (Rom 3:28), or the law that requires works, through justifying faith, and they are presently committed to “work produced by faith” (1 Thess 1:3), which Christ will assess and reward at his tribunal.
Romans 14:8 Philippians 1:20-25 Romans 15:20 Colossians 1:10 1 Thessalonians 4:1-8 1 Corinthians 6:20