Main point summary
We are to live for Christ, persuading men to be reconciled to God, and not for ourselves and the world . Negatively, because we will be judged according to how we live (however we don't boast in appearance for only God knows the heart.) Positively, because God's love controls us in that Christ died for this purpose^. Moreover He died and rose again on our behalf with the result that we too died to the flesh, so that we are new creations who no longer have our sin imputed to us but Christ's Righteousness . So that from henceforth we no longer regard people based on their old sinful identity in Adam, but their new righteous identity in Christ. For God made Christ who knew no sin, to become sin on our behalf, in order that we might become the righteousness of God. Christ died and rose on our behalf to reconcile us to God- now we on behalf of Christ, as His ambassadors, persuade others to be reconciled to God.
2 Corinthians 5:9-21
Therefore we also have as our ambition, whether at home or absent, to be a pleasing to Him.
Inference from 5:1-8: Therefore we make it our ambition, to please Him
For we must all appear before a the judgment seat of Christ,
Ground/Action: Because we all must appear before the judgement seat of Christ
so that each one may be recompensed for 1 his deeds in the body,
Result/Action: So that everyone we will receive the things done in the body
according to what he has done, whether good or bad.
10b In what way? Receiving good or bad according to what they have done
Therefore, knowing the a fear of the Lord,
11b In what way? : Knowing the fear of the Lord
we persuade men,
Conclusion/Idea: We persuade men
but we are made manifest to God;
Explanation: But what we are is known to God
and I hope that we are b made manifest also in your consciences.
Series: And I hope what we are is known to your consciences also
We are not a again commending ourselves to you
Ground/Negative: We are not endorsing ourselves again to you
but are giving you an b occasion to be proud of ( on behalf of ) us ,
Positive/Action: But are giving you the opportunity to be be proud on behalf of us
so that you will have an answer for those who take pride in appearance
Purpose: So you will answer those who boast in their appearance
and not in heart .
Series/Purpose: and not in their heart
For if we 1 are a beside ourselves,
Ground/Condition: If we are delirious
it is for God;
Then it is for God
if we are of sound mind,
Alternative/Condition: if we are of sound mind
it is for you.
Then it is for you
For the love of Christ a controls us,
Ground/Action: For Christ's love controls/compels us
having concluded this,
Manner: How or in what way? by this conclusion:
that b one died for all,
Ground: One (that is Christ) died for all
therefore all died;
Inference: Therefore all died
and He died for all,
And Christ died for all
so that they who live might no longer a live for themselves,
Purpose (negatively) of JC's death : For the purpose that the living would no longer live for themselves
but for Him who died
Purpose (positively) of JC's death: But live for Christ who died
and rose again on their behalf .
Series: and was resurrected on our behalf(comes back to this in v20 we on behalf on christ
Therefore ( So that ) from now on we recognize no one 1 a according to the flesh;
Result of JC dying and rising on our behalf 1 : so that -we from hereafter regard no one according to the flesh
even though we have known Christ 1 according to the flesh,
Concessive: Despite that fact we have known Christ by the flesh
yet now we know Him in this way no longer.
Temporal: Yet no longer do we know him that way. (Christ became a man and we knew him as a man, but now we know Him spiritually and He does the same for us).
Therefore ( So that ) if anyone is a in Christ,
Result 2 of JC dying and rising on our behalf/ Condition : So that if anyone is in Christ
1 he is b a new creature;
Fact: Then he is a new creature
c the old things passed away;
Interpretation 1 : Meaning the old things have passed away
behold, new things have come.
Interpretation 2: Meaning, BEHOLD, new things have come
Now a all these things are from God, b who reconciled us to Himself through Christ and gave us the c ministry of reconciliation,
Progression/Idea: All these new things are from God who reconciled us back to Himself and also has given us the ministry of reconciliation
namely, that a God was in Christ
Explanation/Action: That is, that God was in Christ
reconciling the world to Himself,
How?/Postively: but reconciling the world to Himself
b not counting their trespasses against them,
Negatively: not imputing the worlds sin against them^
and 1 He has 2 committed to us the word of reconciliation.
Explanation/series: And he also has entrusted to us the word of reconciliation
Therefore, we are a ambassadors for Christ,
Inference: Therefore we are Christ's ambassadors
( on behalf of Christ ) as though God were making an appeal through us;
20c How/in what way? Christ died and rose on our behalf to reconcile us to God- now we on behalf of Christ we persuade others to be reconciled to God
we beg you on behalf of Christ , be c reconciled to God.
Action: We urge you to be reconciled to God
He made Him who a knew no sin to be b sin on our behalf ,
Ground/Action: Because God made Christ who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf
so that we might become the c righteousness of God in Him.
Purpose: In order that we might become the righteousness of God in Christ
Michael Lane Notes: v. 14-17, Here is a bit of a puzzle: I see v 14b-15c (Christ died for all, that they might live for him) as the ground for three statements: - v.14a, why the love of Christ controls Paul - v.16, why he regards no one according to the flesh - v.17, why it is that if any man is in Christ he is a new creation. However, I'm not totally resolved in this diagram because: - hoste in both v.16 & v.17 could easily have an emphasis on an actual result of Christ dying for all (v.14b-15c) - I could also see v.14b-15c being the ground of v.14a; and v.16 (Paul regarding no one according to the flesh) then as a result of 14a (the constraining love of Christ); But in this scheme, I am at a loss what to do with v.17 (the new creation is neither a result of nor inferred from the fact that Paul is controlled by the love of Christ.) (v.16, 'No one' is the idea in 16a that gets further developed in 16b-c: "No one, not even Christ.
Tricky passage to exegete- see Michael Lane notes: I (Nathan) read it this way: While V 14 and 15 are ground for everything back to v11- why we persuade men but are still doing so living for God not ourselves. I make this distinction -that v14 is primarily a ground while v15 is primarily an action with following results. So the 'so that's of v16 and v17 are result of Jesus dying and rising on our behalf and us living for Him. i agree that v15 is still pointing back but its main focus switches from why we persuade men and God's love controls us, to the results of Jesus death