Main point summary
Workout your own salvation by doing all things without grumbling or disputing so that you shine as lights and rejoice together.
Therefore, my beloved, f as you have always g obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling,
Ὥστε, ἀγαπητοί μου,...μετὰ φόβου καὶ τρόμου τὴν ἑαυτῶν σωτηρίαν κατεργάζεσθε• καθὼς πάντοτε ὑπηκούσατε, μὴ ὡς ἐν τῇ παρουσίᾳ μου μόνον ἀλλὰ νῦν πολλῷ μᾶλλον ἐν τῇ ἀπουσίᾳ μου,
for h it is God who works in you,
θεὸς γάρ ἐστιν ὁ ἐνεργῶν ἐν ὑμῖν
both to will
καὶ τὸ θέλειν
and to work for i his good pleasure.
καὶ τὸ ἐνεργεῖν ὑπὲρ τῆς εὐδοκίας.
Do all things j without grumbling or k disputing,
Πάντα ποιεῖτε χωρὶς γογγυσμῶν καὶ διαλογισμῶν,
that you may be blameless and innocent, l children of God m without blemish n in the midst of o a crooked and twisted generation,
ἵνα γένησθε ἄμεμπτοι καὶ ἀκέραιοι, τέκνα θεοῦ ἄμωμα μέσον γενεᾶς σκολιᾶς καὶ διεστραμμένης,
among whom you shine
ἐν οἷς φαίνεσθε
p as lights in the world,
ὡς φωστῆρες ἐν κόσμῳ,
holding fast to q the word of life, so that in r the day of Christ s I may be proud
λόγον ζωῆς ἐπέχοντες, εἰς καύχημα ἐμοὶ εἰς ἡμέραν Χριστοῦ,
that t I did not run in vain
ὅτι οὐκ εἰς κενὸν ἔδραμον
or labor in vain.
οὐδὲ εἰς κενὸν ἐκοπίασα.
Even if I am to be u poured out as a drink offering upon v the sacrificial offering of your faith,
Ἀλλʼ εἰ καὶ σπένδομαι ἐπὶ τῇ θυσίᾳ καὶ λειτουργίᾳ τῆς πίστεως ὑμῶν,
I am glad
and rejoice with you all.
καὶ συγχαίρω πᾶσιν ὑμῖν•
Likewise you also should be glad
τὸ δὲ αὐτὸ καὶ ὑμεῖς χαίρετε
and rejoice with me.
καὶ συγχαίρετέ μοι.
This passage can be broken up into 2 parts: What the Philippians should do (verses 12–13) How they are to do it (verses 14–18) Paul urges the Philippians to work out their salvation. They do this avoiding grumbling and disputing in all that they do. This will make them shine as lights in the world. This what it looks like to have the same mindset that Jesus had in his incarnation (2:1-11). Paul then expresses his own steadfast love for them (2:16-18).