2 Timothy 4:1-4
2 Timothy 4:1
2 Timothy 4:2
2 Timothy 4:3
2 Timothy 4:4
Main point summary
Paul charges Timothy to faithful ministry today because it will only become more difficult in the days of apostasy to come.
2 Timothy 4:1-4
h I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, i who is to judge the living and the dead, and by j his appearing and his kingdom:
⸀ Διαμαρτύρομαι ἐνώπιον τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ ⸂ Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ ⸃ , τοῦ μέλλοντος κρίνειν ζῶντας καὶ νεκρούς, ⸀ καὶ τὴν ἐπιφάνειαν αὐτοῦ καὶ τὴν βασιλείαν αὐτοῦ·
preach the word;
κήρυξον τὸν λόγον,
be ready in season and out of season;
ἐπίστηθι εὐκαίρως ἀκαίρως,
and l exhort, with complete patience and teaching.
παρακάλεσον, ἐν πάσῃ μακροθυμίᾳ καὶ διδαχῇ.
m For the time is coming
ἔσται γὰρ καιρὸς
when people will not endure n sound 1 teaching,
ὅτε τῆς ὑγιαινούσης διδασκαλίας οὐκ ἀνέξονται,
but... ...they will accumulate for themselves teachers to suit their own passions,
ἀλλὰ κατὰ τὰς ⸂ ἰδίας ἐπιθυμίας ⸃ ἑαυτοῖς ἐπισωρεύσουσιν διδασκάλους
having itching ears
κνηθόμενοι τὴν ἀκοήν,
and o will turn away from listening to the truth
καὶ ἀπὸ μὲν τῆς ἀληθείας τὴν ἀκοὴν ἀποστρέψουσιν,
and p wander off into myths.
ἐπὶ δὲ τοὺς μύθους ἐκτραπήσονται.
2 Timothy 4:1-4
4 1 ^ Διαμαρτύρομαι ἐνώπιον τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ // Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ \\ , τοῦ μέλλοντος κρίνειν ζῶντας καὶ νεκρούς, ^ καὶ τὴν ἐπιφάνειαν αὐτοῦ καὶ τὴν βασιλείαν αὐτοῦ· 2 κήρυξον τὸν λόγον, ἐπίστηθι εὐκαίρως ἀκαίρως, ἔλεγξον, ἐπιτίμησον, παρακάλεσον, ἐν πάσῃ μακροθυμίᾳ καὶ διδαχῇ. 3 ἔσται γὰρ καιρὸς ὅτε τῆς ὑγιαινούσης διδασκαλίας οὐκ ἀνέξονται, ἀλλὰ κατὰ τὰς // ἰδίας ἐπιθυμίας \\ ἑαυτοῖς ἐπισωρεύσουσιν διδασκάλους κνηθόμενοι τὴν ἀκοήν, 4 καὶ ἀπὸ μὲν τῆς ἀληθείας τὴν ἀκοὴν ἀποστρέψουσιν, ἐπὶ δὲ τοὺς μύθους ἐκτραπήσονται.
2 Timothy 4:1-4 V.1-2 1. I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus who is going to judge the living and dead, and by his appearing and kingdom: 2. preach the word, stand at the ready in season and out of season, confront, warn, and admonish in all patience and teaching, Διαμαρτύρομαι is a strong word. It is not the language of suggestion or request. ἐνώπιον implies that God and Christ Jesus, as witnesses to the charge, are who Timothy is ultimately accountable to. ἐπιφάνειαν and βασιλείαν are special uses of the accusative that indicate the authority by which one is charged. (Wallace p. 205) The string of Aorist imperatives in verse 2 are constative imperatives (Wallace p. 721). The idea is not necessarily that Timothy is to begin these actions, or immediately do them once, but rather that they are to be his highest priority. V. 3-4 For a time is coming when people will not endure correct teaching but they will gather up teachers for themselves according to their own lusts because of their itching ears, and will turn their ears away from the truth and turn aside to myths. It is unlikely that Paul had anything eschatological in mind with καιρὸς. Rather, the apostle foresaw a time coming on Timothy. Many of such days have, of course, come upon the saints throughout church history. With reference to teaching, ὑγιαινούσης often means "correct" (BDAG). κνηθόμενοι in its passive form, means to feel an itch (BDAG). The participle use here is taken as causal. Verses 3-4 have something of a word play in that in v. 3, they have ears (ἀκοήν) that itch and in v. 4 they turn their ears (ἀκοήν) away from the truth.
Chapter 4 opens not with the language of suggestion, recommendation, or request. One is not charged to try out a new restaurant or check out a new movie. This is the language of grave importance. One is charged on the basis of an authority and is accountable to fulfill the task he has been given. Paul's charge to Timothy is "before" God the father and Jesus Christ. This means they are the witnesses to whom he is ultimately accountable. There are many opinions the servant of the Lord will face, both approving and disapproving. Only one, however, is the judge of the living and the dead. Only one opinion will matter in the end. Who's approval are you living for? The charge is to preach the word. This is not a command to merely explain the objects of one's curiosity. The word of God is to be heralded. It is to be proclaimed as wonderful, fearful, true, and binding on all who hear it. The charge is also to preach the word . There are many other things that one might consider heralding, such as a great movie that promises satisfaction, a new politician that promises prosperity, or a new psychological theory that promises healing. It is the word, however, in all its glory and foolishness to men that we are to proclaim. Paul warns Timothy of days coming when men will find teachers to suit their own passions. Such days have come in waves throughout church history and it seems we are at the edge of a tsunami in our day. It has already gotten easier for men to find teachers who will suit their own sinful desires. If you don't like what the word of God says, there are hosts of teachers on the internet to tell you what you want to hear. Will you continue to preach the word when it doesn't sell as well as lies? Will you become like one of these teachers who are accumulated by the lustful and idolaters? The word, "for," in verse 3 is interesting. Verses 3 and 4 seem to be the ground for the command in verses 1 and 2. It begs the question as to why the impending apostasy in the second half of the passage ought to produce the actions described in the first half. One way to look at it is to give up. People aren't going to listen, so why preach the word, why go to seminary, be a missionary, or plant a church? The perspective Paul has is exactly the opposite. The answer is this: days like those that came upon Timothy, and worse, are coming on you. The best day you will have to preach the word, reprove, rebuke and exhort, is today.