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Quits Sabio
Elder at Sovereign Mercy Evangelical Church Inc. and President of Reformed Exegetes Society
User since 2013
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In sin we were dead but in Chirst we were made alive.
Ephesians 2:1-10
To be under the Mosaic law again is not only childish, but also devilish and damning.
Galatians 4:8-11
Beware of working for God! Instead, gladly obey God as our Father and not as our taskmaster.
Galatians 4:1-7
The law serves the promise until the coming of the seed
Galatians 3:19-22
The Law cannot nullify the Promise
Galatians 3:15-18
Faith is the spiritual DNA by which our familial relationship to Abraham can be proven.
Galatians 3:6-9
We can't start with the Spirit and then end with the flesh
Galatians 3:1-5
What is dying to the law and living to God?
Galatians 2:15-21
Lead others to the truth of the gospel not just with propositions but also with our actions.
Galatians 2:11-14
How important that there is only one gospel?
Galatians 2:1-10
What are you hoping for?
Psalm 42:11
No other gospel that brings glory to God than the gospel of grace that transforms its messenger
Galatians 1:18-24
If you want to please God, seek what pleases Him, namely the preaching of Christ
Galatians 1:11-17
Want some peace of mind? So Pray!
Philippians 4:6-7
What brings understanding, our thinking or God's granting?
2 Timothy 2:7
What it means to be a slave of Christ?
Galatians 1:10
To desert from the Gospel is to desert away from God
Galatians 1:6-9
Seek God's approval and not the approval of men
Galatians 1:1-5
God gets more glory when more people rely on Him for contentment in times of need.
Philippians 4:10-20
Standing Firm in the Lord demonstrates itself in unity, peacekeeping, rejoicing in the Lord always and forbearance toward one another
Philippians 4:1-9
Resurrection is a means to lay hold of the prize who is Christ Jesus so strive to attain it since He already laid hold of you
Philippians 3:12-21
Jesus came into the world to exegete the Father
John 1:1-18
God is more glorified in us when we enjoy him than when we fear him
Luke 2:8-20
The supremacy of the worth of Christ outweighs all things, and that includes all human boastings!
Philippians 3:1-11
Risking for Jesus will yield greater returns
Philippians 2:25-30
Seeking the interest of Christ is seeking the interest of others above one's own
Philippians 2:19-24
What is the secret to a grumble free life and happy pastors?
Philippians 2:14-16
God is not wasting our suffering,  we shouldn't also
Philippians 1:12-18
How to work out your own Salvation?
Philippians 2:12-18
Motivations for Obedience
Philippians 2:12-13
Christ Emptied himself by Adding
Philippians 2:6-7
Christian unity delights itself in the interest of others
Philippians 2:1-5
To Know Christ is to have the will of the Father
John 7:17-18
Find your Joy in God in the joy of your leaders and the flock
Hebrews 13:17
The Law does not negate the Promise, it's the restatement of the Promise
Galatians 3:15-18
The Church Abides to Chirst so should Wives to their Husbands. Christ never forsake His Church, so should Husbands to their Wives
Ephesians 5:22-33
Herald the word even if your life is at stake
2 Timothy 4:2
Any talk of gender roles and equality must be grounded on creation.
1 Corinthians 11:7-12
There is Joy in praying for the sanctification of our brethren!
Philippians 1:3-11
Since God is righteous, God must elect according to his own freedom
Romans 9:14-18
view all (41 total)
Incompatibility of Faith and Works of the Law
Galatians 3:9-14
Law demands a life of perfect obedience, but Faith demands a life of faith in Christ's act of redemption alone
#galatians
#faith
#works
Published April 22nd, 2019
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Main point summary
Discourse 3:9-14
What is being modified by the prepositional phrase "by faith"?
Diagram of an Attributed Genitive
Exegesis
Introduction
Exposition
Application
Mark up of keywords
notes
Main point summary
If you rely on works of the Law, you'll receive God's curse but if you trust what Christ did at the cross, namely by becoming a curse for us in order to redeem us from the curse of the Law, you will receive the blessing of Abraham that is the Holy Spirit.
Discourse 3:9-14
NT
Galatians 3:9-14
nasb
net
esv
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mine
So then a those who are of faith are blessed with 1 Abraham, the believer.
So then those who believe 19 are blessed along with Abraham the believer.
So then, those who are of faith are blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith.
ὥστε οἱ ἐκ πίστεως εὐλογοῦνται σὺν τῷ πιστῷ Ἀβραάμ.
So then those of faith are blessed with Abraham, the believer.
For as many as are of the works of 1 the Law are under a curse;
For all who 20 rely on doing the works of the law are under a curse,
For all who rely on works of the law are m under a curse;
Ὅσοι γὰρ ἐξ ἔργων νόμου εἰσίν, ὑπὸ κατάραν εἰσίν•
For all who rely on doing the works of the Law are under a curse
for it is written,
because it is written,
for it is written,
γέγραπται γὰρ
because it is written,
“ a Cursed is everyone
“ Cursed is everyone
n “Cursed be everyone
ὅτι ἐπικατάρατος πᾶς
"Curse is everyone
who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law , to perform them .”
who does not keep on doing everything written in the book of the law . ” 21
who does not o abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them.”
ὃς οὐκ ἐμμένει πᾶσιν τοῖς γεγραμμένοις ἐν τῷ βιβλίῳ τοῦ νόμου τοῦ ποιῆσαι αὐτά.
who does not keep on doing everything written in the book of the Law."
ideaexplanation
ground
Now that a no one is justified 1 by 2 the Law before God is evident;
Now it is clear no one is justified before God by the law,
Now it is evident that p no one is justified before God by the law,
ὅτι δὲ ἐν νόμῳ οὐδεὶς δικαιοῦται παρὰ τῷ θεῷ δῆλον,
Now that it is evident that by the Law no one is justified before God,
for, “ 3 b The righteous man shall live by faith .”
because the righteous one will live by faith . 22
for q “The righteous shall live by faith.” 1
ὅτι ὁ δίκαιος ἐκ πίστεως ζήσεται•
because the righteous one will live by faith.
1 However, the Law is not 2 of faith;
But the law is not based on faith, 23
But the law is not of faith,
ὁ δὲ νόμος οὐκ ἔστιν ἐκ πίστεως,
on the other hand, the Law is not of faith,
on the contrary, “ a He who practices them shall live 3 by them .”
but the one who does the works of the law 24 will live by them . 25
rather r “The one who does them shall live by them.”
ἀλλʼ ὁ ποιήσας αὐτὰ ζήσεται ἐν αὐτοῖς.
but the one who does them shall live by them.
negativepositive
alternative
Christ a redeemed us from the curse of the Law,
Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law
Christ s redeemed us from the curse of the law
Χριστὸς ἡμᾶς ἐξηγόρασεν ἐκ τῆς κατάρας τοῦ νόμου
[Therefore] Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law,
having become a curse for us—
by becoming 26 a curse for us
by becoming a curse for us—
γενόμενος ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν κατάρα,
by becoming a curse for us
for it is written,
(because it is written,
for it is written,
ὅτι γέγραπται•
because it is written;
“ b Cursed is everyone who hangs on c a 1 tree ”—
“ Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree ”) 27
t “Cursed is everyone who is hanged u on a tree”—
ἐπικατάρατος πᾶς ὁ κρεμάμενος ἐπὶ ξύλου,
"Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree"
actionmanner
in order that a in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might 1 come to the Gentiles,
in order that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham would come to the Gentiles, 28
so that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might v come to the Gentiles,
ἵνα εἰς τὰ ἔθνη ἡ εὐλογία τοῦ Ἀβραὰμ γένηται ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ,
with the result that to the Gentiles the blessing of Abraham would come through Christ Jesus
so that we b would receive c the promise of the Spirit
so that we could receive the promise of the Spirit
so that w we might receive x the promised Spirit 1
ἵνα τὴν ἐπαγγελίαν τοῦ πνεύματος λάβωμεν
so that we could receive the promise of the Spirit
through faith.
by faith.
through faith.
διὰ τῆς πίστεως.
by faith.
actionpurpose
actionresult
inference
na28
discourse
What is being modified by the prepositional phrase "by faith"?
scripturetext
Galatians 3:11
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subjectverb
The
righteous
solid
drop
equal
revrocket
line
pred
shall
live
prepphrase
pstack
cword
by
directobject
faith
δίκαιος
ζήσεται
ἐκ
πίστεως
δίκαιος
ζήσεται
ἐκ
πίστεως
diagram
Diagram of an Attributed Genitive
Galatians 3:14
table
the
promise
of
Spirit
equals
promised
Exegesis
So then those of faith are blessed with Abraham, the believer. For all who rely on doing the works of the Law are under a curse because it is written, "Curse is everyone who does not keep on doing everything written in the book of the Law." Now that it is evident that by the Law no one is justified before God, because the righteous one will live by faith. on the other hand, the Law is not of faith, but the one who does them shall live by them. [Therefore] Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, by becoming a curse for us because it is written; "Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree" with the result that to the Gentiles the blessing of Abraham would come through Christ Jesus so that we could receive the promise of the Spirit by faith.
Introduction
Have you ever experienced buying a gadget that you thought can be very handy to you but then you realized that the one you bought was incompatible with most of your gadgets? Chargers that are cheap but will more likely break your phones, games that will only run on modern PCs and consoles? Or perhaps you accidentally plugged in a flat screen monitor that requires 110 volts to a 220 volts power supply that caused the monitor to short-circuit? You know how it feels right? It's very frustrating. Sometimes we even justify our using of the old and incompatible stuff just to avoid change and reliance on new things that we're not used to. In my profession as a programmer, when a program or an app breaks because of an update on operating system, one of our first diagnostic is compatibility issue. The old code must be rewritten in order to accommodate the new updates. And sometimes we need to write the code from scratch all over again if much of the code rely on the old system. That's a lot of old codes to scrap that took me months to program. But being sentimental about my old codes will not help me contribute in the advancement of technology. Same is true with faith and reliance on works of the law. They are incompatible. You can't force the two together. The Mosaic law, being part of the Old Covenant is already outdated and therefore incompatible with the operating system of the New Covenant, namely the Law of faith. We can't grow in faith if we're from time to time still rely on works of the law for our sanctification and worst for our assurances and right standing before God. In Galatians 3:9-14 Paul will argue that the only way to be justified before God is by faith. Not works of the law, nor some works plus faith but by a continuing faith alone.
Exposition
Faith brings blessing, Law brings Curse(vv. 9-12) The main point of verses 6-9 is that those of faith (εκ πιστεως) are the children and heirs of Abraham. That is, the people characterized by faith bears the trait of Abraham regardless of physical descent and that they are the ones who will receive the blessing. Now the conjunction "for"(γαρ) connects verse 10 to verse 9. Verse 10 functions as support or grounds of the main point from verses 6-9. But what is being supported by verse 10 in verses 6-9? Now you might say to me; "you've just said not a second ago that it's verse 6-9." Let's put on our thinking caps for a moment. I raised the question because there seems to be a gap in the logic of the argument. Verses 6-9 look as though it doesn't follow necessarily from verse 10 . You'll see what I mean if we convert the main points of verses 6-9 and verse 10 into a syllogism. The syllogism goes something like this: A will receive C because B will receive D . Here's an illustration: Group 1( A ) will receive a gift( C ) because Group 2 ( B ) will receive a punishment( D ). In Paul's case: "those of faith"( A ) will inherit the blessing( C ) because "those who are of works of the law"( B ) will receive a curse( D ) * The italicized is the ground clause Notice that there's nothing in the main clause that would require support from the ground clause. Or to put it another way, the fact that someone will receive one thing doesn't necessarily mean that others will receive another thing. Unless of course there's an unstated premise that you can't be A and B at the same time and that you can't have both C and D at the same time. Meaning, they are mutually exclusive. Therefore to make sense of the logic, one must supply the missing premises and change the form of the syllogism into this: Since you can't be A and B at the same time and in the same relationship, therefore A and not B will receive C because B will receive D . In similar manner, Paul expects his audience to supply the right assumption and the implied denial from verse 9 : Since you can't be both "those of faith"( A ) and be "those who are of works of the law"( B ) at the same time and in the same relationship, therefore "those of faith"( A ) and not "those who are of works of the law"( B ) will inherit the Abrahamic blessing( C ) because "those who are of works of the law"( B ) are under a curse( D ). So the answer to our question "what's being supported by verse 10?" is the implied denial from verse 9. That is those who rely on works of the law will not inherit the blessing, because , instead of favor they will receive God's curse. But is it even right to make such assumptions in the text? Yes it's justifiable. First, because these are not mere assumptions drawn out of thin air. The implied answer to the rhetorical questions in verses 2-5 is "by faith and not by works of the law" that we received the promised Spirit. Paul clearly posed the questions in such manner in order to contrast and pit faith and works of the law against each other. So to postulate that Paul expects the audience to supply the negative counter part of verse 9 is not really that far fetched. Those who are of works of the law will not receive the blessing. Even the grammar of the text makes the contrast even more evident. In verse 9 Paul used the prepositional phrase "of faith" εκ πιστεως, then in verse 10 he used the same construction "of works of the law" εξ εργων νομου. Second, the assumption about the mutual exclusivity of faith and works of the law is clearly supported by verse 12; "the Law is not of Faith." For Paul, faith and law are separate categories. You can't mixed faith with that of the law. Remember that the issue in Galatia is not that they're without faith but that they're adding works of the law to faith. So I think the assumptions are warranted. However, the validity of the first part of verse 10(all who rely on works of the law are under a curse) is still yet to be proven. That's why in the second part of the verse, Paul quotes Deuteronomy 27:26 to support his point; "because it is written, 'Cursed is everyone who does not keep on doing everything written in the book of the Law." In turn this will introduce another concern. Namely, that the quotation at first glance seems to prove the very opposite of what Paul is saying. The quotation is as if encouraging us to continue in doing the works of the law in order to avoid the curse. So to address this issue, two things must be said in response to it. First, according to Douglas Moo; "R ecognize that Paul refers not to people who are doing the law but to people who are ἐξ ἔργων νόμου. As the parallel with οἱ ἐκ πίστεως in verse 9 (and cf. vv. 7, 8, 11, 12) suggests, the phrase refers not to those who “do the law” but to those who are somehow identified with the law...This identification with the law has usually been taken to refer to people who, as Thomas Aquinas puts it, “trust in the works of the Law and believe that they are made just by them.” Second, we should take note again that there's an unspoken premise that Paul expects his readers to supply: "No one can abide by everything written in the book of the law." Consider this syllogism: A Cursed is everyone who does not abide by everything written in the book of the Law, to perform them. B No one can abide by everything written in the book of the Law. C T herefore those who are of works of the Law are under a curse. Premise B is the missing proposition that must be supplied in order to make proper sense of Paul's argumentation. But are we justified in supplying such? Yes, because in Galatians 5:3 Paul, in saying that if you accept circumcision then you'll be obligated to obey the whole law, seems to imply that no one can in fact obey the whole law. Otherwise the warning won't have any weight to it if we can obey the whole law. Outside of Galatians, Paul already charged that no one abide to the law perfectly. In Romans 3:10 Paul says; "No one is righteous no not one." Or in Romans 3:23; "for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God." T he issue is not the doing but the relying on the doing and yet not able to keep on doing. So I think we are on the right track in supplying those assumed propositions. Therefore in verse 11 Paul can say that "Now it is evident that by the Law no one is justified before God." Then he quotes Habakkuk 2:4 as the first half of his grounds; "the righteous one by faith shall live." There are many issues with this quotation but I will only deal with one: What is being modified by the prepositional phrase "by/from faith" "εκ πιστεως"? Is it the substantival adjective "righteous" or the verb "shall live"? First thing to consider is that we already saw from verses 2-5 that justification before God is not by a one time faith in God only, but that one must live a life of faith from beginning to end. In other words the faith that justifies is a continuing faith. Second, the alternative of faith given in verse 12,which is quotation from Leviticus 18:5, is not just a one time obedience, but a life of obedience to the law in order to be justified by the law. So both the more remote context of verses 2-5 and the immediate context of verse 12 can be used as arguments to support that the verb "shall live" is the one being modified by the prepositional phrase "by faith". Therefore the traditional rendering is right; "the righteous one shall live by faith." To sum it up, Paul is simply telling us that you can't use faith and works of the law at the same time in order to be justified before God. It's either faith from beginning to end or works of the law from beginning to end in order to be justified. It can't be both. If you try to add even just a little bit of law-keeping to faith, according to Galatian 5:2; "Christ will be of no advantage to you." Christ redeemed us from the curse(vv. 13) Now verse 13 doesn't have any conjunction that would connect it to the previous verses. But I think verse 13 functions as the conclusion of this section. Because verse 10 and verse 13 is actually an inclusio. Think of inclusio as book endings. Verse 10 raise the issue of the curse of the Law and verse 13 is the solution to that curse. So Paul then concludes that Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us. Afterwards Paul gave an explanation as to why is it that becoming a curse is the means by which Christ redeemed us from the curse. He said; "because it is written; 'Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree.'" This is a quotation from Deuteronomy 21:23 and by looking at the context of the quotation, it is clear that the person who deserves a curse from God is someone who committed a sin punishable by death. Deuteronomy 21:22-23 says; "If a person commits a sin punishable by death and is executed, and you hang the corpse on a tree, his body must not remain all night on the tree; instead you must make certain you bury him that same day, for the one who is left exposed on a tree is cursed by God." But I want you to notice what Paul says and what he didn't say about how Christ redeemed us. He didn't say that Christ becomes a sinner and as a result He was cursed by God. Rather what's being said is that Christ becomes a curse for us. That is Christ who knew no sin becomes sin for us in order that we might become the righteousness of God(2 Corinthians 5:21). The point of the quotation from Deuteronomy is not the who but the what of being hanged on a tree. Hanging the guilty on a tree exposes them to the curse of God. So when Christ was crucified on the cross, He literally exposed himself to the curse of God not because He is guilty but because He assumed the position of the guilty. The Result and Purpose of Redemption(vv. 14) Now Paul gave us the result and purpose of Christ in redeeming us the way He did. First he gave the result in verse 14a; "so that to the Gentiles the blessing of Abraham would come through Christ Jesus. The result of redemption through the One who becomes a curse for us is the fulfilment of the promised blessing for the Gentiles in verse 8-9. Ephesians 2:14-22 says almost the same thing about how the death of Christ secures a blessing for the Gentiles and what's the role or non-role of the Law in it; "For he is our peace, the one who made both groups into one and who destroyed the middle wall of partition, the hostility, when he nullified in his flesh the law of commandments in decrees. He did this to create in himself one new man out of two, thus making peace, and to reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, by which the hostility has been killed. And he came and preached peace to you who were far off and peace to those who were near, so that through him we both have access in one Spirit to the Father. So then you are no longer foreigners and noncitizens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of Godʼs household, because you have been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as the cornerstone. In him the whole building, being joined together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord, in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling place of God in the Spirit." Then lastly, Paul gave the purpose of extending the blessing to the Gentiles through Christ Jesus and that is so that we too could receive the promised Spirit by means of faith.
Application
We as individuals can easily point our fingers to outsiders when it comes to reliance on works of the law, because we forget that this epistle was written for the believers. They were professing Christian. They may even be present always in all the corporate meetings, always reading the bible and unceasing in prayer and worship. But these are just external performance in order for them to be accepted by other people and God. Everyone therefore must take heed of the warning of Galatians 5:2. The issue presented to us in Galatians by Paul is not about who are the church and non-church people, nor is it about those who profess the Lordship of Christ and those who don't. This is not even about who holds to orthodoxy. What separates God's people from other people is this: they were crucified with Christ and therefore died to all self-reliance and live only by ever increasing reliance on the power of God by the Holy Spirit through faith. However, the other group, they were never united in Christ's death and they extol the self by relying on the power of their will and the flesh. Examine therefore if you belong to "those of faith" or do you belong to "those who are of the works of the law." Ask ourselves daily, do we live by way of faith or by way of the works of the law?
Mark up of keywords
Galatians 3:10-14
na28
10 Ὅσοι γὰρ ἐξ ἔργων νόμου εἰσίν , ὑπὸ κατάραν εἰσίν• γέγραπται γὰρ ὅτι ἐπικατάρατος πᾶς ὃς οὐκ ἐμμένει πᾶσιν τοῖς γεγραμμένοις ἐν τῷ βιβλίῳ τοῦ νόμου τοῦ ποιῆσαι αὐτά. 11 ὅτι δὲ ἐν νόμῳ οὐδεὶς δικαιοῦται παρὰ τῷ θεῷ δῆλον, ὅτι ὁ δίκαιος ἐκ πίστεως ζήσεται• 12 ὁ δὲ νόμος οὐκ ἔστιν ἐκ πίστεως , ἀλλʼ ὁ ποιήσας αὐτὰ ζήσεται ἐν αὐτοῖς. 13 Χριστὸς ἡμᾶς ἐξηγόρασεν ἐκ τῆς κατάρας τοῦ νόμου γενόμενος ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν κατάρα, ὅτι γέγραπται• ἐπικατάρατος πᾶς ὁ κρεμάμενος ἐπὶ ξύλου, 14 ἵνα εἰς τὰ ἔθνη ἡ εὐλογία τοῦ Ἀβραὰμ γένηται ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ, ἵνα τὴν ἐπαγγελίαν τοῦ πνεύματος λάβωμεν διὰ τῆς πίστεως.
Galatians 3:10-14
10 For as many as are of the works of 1 the Law are under a curse; for it is written, “ a Cursed is everyone who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law , to perform them .” 11 Now that a no one is justified 1 by 2 the Law before God is evident; for, “ 3 b The righteous man shall live by faith .” 12 1 However, the Law is not 2 of faith ; on the contrary, “ a He who practices them shall live 3 by them .” 13 Christ a redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us—for it is written, “ b Cursed is everyone who hangs on c a 1 tree ”— 14 in order that a in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might 1 come to the Gentiles, so that we b would receive c the promise of the Spirit through faith.
Galatians 3:10-14
10 For all who 20 rely on doing the works of the law are under a curse, because it is written, “ Cursed is everyone who does not keep on doing everything written in the book of the law . ” 21 11 Now it is clear no one is justified before God by the law, because the righteous one will live by faith . 22 12 But the law is not based on faith , 23 but the one who does the works of the law 24 will live by them . 25 13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming 26 a curse for us (because it is written, “ Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree ”) 27 14 in order that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham would come to the Gentiles, 28 so that we could receive the promise of the Spirit by faith.
Galatians 3:10-14
The Righteous Shall Live by Faith 10 For all who rely on works of the law are m under a curse; for it is written, n “Cursed be everyone who does not o abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them.” 11 Now it is evident that p no one is justified before God by the law, for q “The righteous shall live by faith.” 1 12 But the law is not of faith , rather r “The one who does them shall live by them.” 13 Christ s redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, t “Cursed is everyone who is hanged u on a tree”— 14 so that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might v come to the Gentiles, so that w we might receive x the promised Spirit 1 through faith.
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.