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Quits Sabio
Elder at Sovereign Mercy Evangelical Church Inc. and President of Reformed Exegetes Society
User since 2013
Quits's published pages
The law serves the promise until the coming of the seed
Galatians 3:19-22
The Law cannot nullify the Promise
Galatians 3:15-18
Law demands a life of perfect obedience, but Faith demands a life of faith in Christ's act of redemption alone
Galatians 3:9-14
Faith is the spiritual DNA by which our familial relationship to Abraham can be proven.
Galatians 3:6-9
We can't start with the Spirit and then end with the flesh
Galatians 3:1-5
What is dying to the law and living to God?
Galatians 2:15-21
Lead others to the truth of the gospel not just with propositions but also with our actions.
Galatians 2:11-14
How important that there is only one gospel?
Galatians 2:1-10
What are you hoping for?
Psalm 42:11
No other gospel that brings glory to God than the gospel of grace that transforms its messenger
Galatians 1:18-24
If you want to please God, seek what pleases Him, namely the preaching of Christ
Galatians 1:11-17
Want some peace of mind? So Pray!
Philippians 4:6-7
What brings understanding, our thinking or God's granting?
2 Timothy 2:7
What it means to be a slave of Christ?
Galatians 1:10
To desert from the Gospel is to desert away from God
Galatians 1:6-9
Seek God's approval and not the approval of men
Galatians 1:1-5
God gets more glory when more people rely on Him for contentment in times of need.
Philippians 4:10-20
Standing Firm in the Lord demonstrates itself in unity, peacekeeping, rejoicing in the Lord always and forbearance toward one another
Philippians 4:1-9
Resurrection is a means to lay hold of the prize who is Christ Jesus so strive to attain it since He already laid hold of you
Philippians 3:12-21
God is more glorified in us when we enjoy him than when we fear him
Luke 2:8-20
The supremacy of the worth of Christ outweighs all things, and that includes all human boastings!
Philippians 3:1-11
Risking for Jesus will yield greater returns
Philippians 2:25-30
Seeking the interest of Christ is seeking the interest of others above one's own
Philippians 2:19-24
What is the secret to a grumble free life and happy pastors?
Philippians 2:14-16
God is not wasting our suffering,  we shouldn't also
Philippians 1:12-18
How to work out your own Salvation?
Philippians 2:12-18
Motivations for Obedience
Philippians 2:12-13
Christ Emptied himself by Adding
Philippians 2:6-7
Christian unity delights itself in the interest of others
Philippians 2:1-5
To Know Christ is to have the will of the Father
John 7:17-18
Find your Joy in God in the joy of your leaders and the flock
Hebrews 13:17
The Law does not negate the Promise, it's the restatement of the Promise
Galatians 3:15-18
The Church Abides to Chirst so should Wives to their Husbands. Christ never forsake His Church, so should Husbands to their Wives
Ephesians 5:22-33
Herald the word even if your life is at stake
2 Timothy 4:2
Any talk of gender roles and equality must be grounded on creation.
1 Corinthians 11:7-12
There is Joy in praying for the sanctification of our brethren!
Philippians 1:3-11
Since God is righteous, God must elect according to his own freedom
Romans 9:14-18
view all (38 total)
The Eternal Word Became Flesh
John 1:1-18
Jesus came into the world to exegete the Father
#Word
#Incarnation
#Christmas
Published December 24th, 2018; Updated December 24th, 2018
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Phrase
Diagram John 1:1
Diagram John 1:18
Notes
Phrase
editing
NT
John 1:1-18
nasb
The Preexistence of the Divine Word
The Word was
in the beginning
Temporal
and the Word was
with God,
Distinction
and the Word was God.
Created and Sustained by the Word
He was ... ... .
in the beginning
with God
All things came into being
through Him,
Agency
and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being.
In Him was life,
and the life was the Light
of men.
The Light shines in the darkness,
Concessive
and the darkness did not comprehend it.
The Testimony about the Witness
Not the True Light
There came a man sent from God,
whose name was John.
He came as a witness,
to testify about the Light,
so that all might believe
through him.
He was not the Light,
Negative
but he came
Substitute of 8a
to testify about the Light.
Purpose of 8b
The Testimony about the Light
True Light
There was the true Light
which, ... enlightens every man.
coming into the world,
Manner of 9b
The Response of Two Creations
Old Creation
He was in the world,
and the world was made
through Him,
and the world did not know Him.
He came to His own,
and those ... did not receive Him.
who were His own
New Creation
But as many as received Him, ... even to those who believe in His name,
Substitute of 10d and 11c
to them He gave the right to become children of God,
who were born,
Explanation of 12b
not of blood
nor of the will of the flesh
nor of the will of man,
but of God.
Substitute of 13bcd
The Coming of the Word
And the Word became flesh,
and dwelt among us,
and we saw His glory,
glory as of the only begotten from the Father,
Explanation of 14c
full of grace
and truth.
The Testimony of the Witness
John testified about Him
and cried out, saying,
“This was He of whom I said,
‘He who comes after me has a higher rank than I,
for He existed before me.’”
Ground of 15d
For of His fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace.
Explanation of 16c
For the Law was given
through Moses;
grace and truth were realized
through Jesus Christ.
No one has seen God at any time;
the one ... who is in the bosom of the Father ,
Substitute of 18a
only begotten God
He has explained Him.
phrasing
Diagram John 1:1
scripturetext
components
John 1:1
na28
rocketship
solid
equal
line
pred
cword
drop
vertical
subjectverb
λόγος
revrocket
ἦν
prepphrase
pstack
Ἐν
directobject
ἀρχῇ
λόγος
ἦν
πρὸς
τὸν
θεόν
λόγος
ἦν
predicate
θεὸς
καὶ
καὶ
vsnum
John 1:1
diagram
Diagram John 1:18
John 1:18
na28
ἐκεῖνος
ἐξηγήσατο
(X)
οὐδεὶς
ἑώρακεν
πώποτε
Θεὸν
(ἑώρακεν)
shelf
ὢν
εἰς
τὸν
κόλπον
τοῦ
πατρὸς
equals
table
θεὸς
μονογενὴς
(Θεὸν)
(δέ)
smartline
dashed
free
ttext
John 1:18
Notes
The church, in every century since its infancy, has been forced to deal with people who claim to be Christians while denying altogether or distorting the deity of Christ. Yet, the greatest tragedy still is to miss the point of His coming into the world. Many today will affirm that he's the divine Son of God as long as he remain as an infant in the manger, not demanding attention and obedience from the world. But this baby in the manger was no mere infant. He's the eternal preexistent Word and He came into the world to subdue darkness and usher in the new creation. He came demanding full allegiance to the truth. The Preexistence of the Divine Word(verse 1) In the beginning was the Word John the beloved begins his gospel by alluding to the first words of the first verse of the first book of the Bible, "In the Beginning." The Word already was. Genesis starts with the beginning of history(Genesis 1:1), John begins with the beginning prior to history. The Word was and is from everlasting to everlasting(Psalm 90:2). He is the Alpha and Omega(Revelation 1:8). Therefore the power to end history and to begin a new one belongs to him. This calls attention not just to the first and old creation, as we will see in verses 2-5, but also anticipates the second and new creation in verse 13. The Word was with God Not only that the Word was in the beginning but He was in the beginning with God. There are many ways to express proximity, nearness or togetherness in the Bible. The prefix "syn" or "sun" means together, referring to two or more being together(i.e. Synagogue, Synchronize, Synonymous). The second one is the preposition "para" which means along side with(i.e. Parable, meaning thrown along side with, or Paramedics which means along side medics). But the word used here by John conotes the closest possible "withness" in scriptures. He used the preposition "pros" which implies not just proximity but intimate personal relationship(i.e Prosopon meaning to face or face to face). The Word was face to face with God. The use of preposition also distinguishes the person of the Word from God the Father. The Word was never lonely. He was in perfect and intimate fellowship with the Father. The Word was God But John did not left us with ambiguity. Lest we missed his point, he then goes on to say that this Word that is distinct from God was truly God. Literally in greek it says; "God was the Word." Some have argued that because the greek word "theos" is anarthorous, meaning without the definite article, then it must be translated with an indefinite article; "the Word was a god." That only shows ignorance of how the greek grammar works! The definite article in greek doesn't always function the same way as the English language does. Greek would use the definite article when English doesn't require it, and sometimes in greek they would drop the article when English does require it. The presence of article can also work as a function marker. This will tell us which of the two nominative/subjective case nouns is the subject. On the other hand, the lack of the article may have a qualitative nuance instead of mere indefiniteness. As one theologian said; the lack of article deals with Modalism, because it distinguishes the Word from the God of the second clause, but the word order deals with Arianism, because it gives emphasis to the being or nature of the Word. The Word was very God of very God, what God was the Word was. Created and Sustained by the Word(verses 2-5) Now in verses 2-5 John expounded on the theme of creation. He summarizes verse 1 in verse 2, the Word was in the beginning with God. Therefore he is not part of the created order but a co-creator with the Father. Verse 3 says that all things came into being through Him. As if that weren't enough, he says further that apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. The Word created the whole universe and He has the power of being within himself. The greek philosophers saw the Logos as the only entity that unifies the diversity in the universe. He was the uncause cause. The primary mover. The Life was the Light Now since the power of being only belongs to him then life itself was in Him. He alone is the giver of life. Take note of how John was referencing the first creation. He say that the life was the Light. In Genesis, before God began creating life his first command was "Let there be light!" Light was essential for life. The scripture already atested to this truth long before science discovered that heat and light is needed for a life permitting Earth. One good example is photosynthesis in plants, or the water cycle or the vitamins needed for our bodies' sustenance that only the sun can give, and many more. And the great Light that brought life to the whole universe was the Word. This also implies that the Word sustains the whole creation. The child in the manger, so tender and mild, did not cease to be God. While he sleeps he holds the universe in his hand and kept it in being. When that light shines, it overcomes the darkness. But the greek word for overcome can also mean understand or grasp. So although the light overcomes the darkness in the physical and natural sense nevertheless the darkness can't understand the light in a spiritual sense. It says that the life was the light of men. The people living in darkness cannot understand the Light. The light was essential then in the first creation it is essential now in the second creation. The Coming of the Word(verse 9, 14, 16-18) And so the Light enlightens men by coming into the world. The Word became flesh. This Light is the very radiance of the glory of God. Verse 14 says; "we saw his glory", and this glory is described as full of grace and truth. Ever wondered why John refers to Jesus as the Word? That's the nagging question right? Why not "the Deed" or "the Love"(which is theologically correct), or "the Work"? Because these words are ambiguous. They can't describe God fully, but "The Word" can and is less ambiguous. Jesus is the Word because he is the very expression of God, the exact imprint of his nature. In verse 18 it says that "no one has ever seen God. The only one, himself God, who is in closest fellowship with the Father, has made God known. In greek it literally says that "He exegeted God", He explains God. Christ is God's hermeneutic. When you see Christ you see the Father. That's why knowledge about God through nature is not enough. When light shines on creation, darkened men will worship the creatures instead of the Creator(Romans 1:18-23). The Word makes all sinners doubly without excuse for their rejection of the Light. The Response of Two Creations(verses 10-13) So how does creation responded to the coming of the Word when they saw his glory? There are two creations here: 1) Those who belong only to the old creation. They rejected him. They love darkness rather than Light. As mentioned earlier, they again would exchange the glory of God for a lie instead the of fullness of grace and truth in the Word. 2) Those who belong to the new creation. They receive him. That is, they believe him for who the Light and the Word really was, and they were given the right to be called children of God. Then in verse 13 John explains that these children were born not just of the first created order. Children born not by blood, nor the will of the flesh, nor the will of man but of God. In John 3, Jesus says that unless a man be born again, or born from above, he cannot see the Kingdom of God. Paul in 2 Corinthians 4:6 put it this way: 'For God, who said "Let light shine out of darkness," is the one who shined in our hearts to give us the light of the glorious knowledge of God in the face of Christ.' This is new creation(2 Corinthians 5:17). This has to happen first before any person can understand or grasp the Light. If and only if the light shines beyond our physical eyes, into the eyes of our hearts. The psalmist says the same thing; "Open the eyes of my heart, that I may behold wondrous things from your law" (Psalm 119:18). So how would you respond to the eternal Word, Jesus Christ. Did God the Holy Spirit so hover over the waters of your hearts and commanded that light would shine out of darkeness in our hearts to behold the face of Jesus? Or will you reject him and replace the glory of God for things that are made? Do you belong to the old creation or the new creation?
notes
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.