Romans 12
Romans 12:1-21
Paul explores several aspects of individuality within the corporate.
Published March 18th, 2022; Updated March 18th, 2022
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Main point summary
Issues v1-8
Main point summary
Spiritual service to the body is one aspect of Spiritual service to God
Romans 12:1-8
Παρακαλῶ οὖν ὑμᾶς, ἀδελφοί, διὰ τῶν οἰκτιρμῶν τοῦ θεοῦ
[Rom 11:30-32 have received also may now receive mercy. For God has consigned all to disobedience, that he may have mercy on all.] Therefore brothers, I appeal to you by those very mercies,
παραστῆσαι τὰ σώματα ὑμῶν θυσίαν ζῶσαν ἁγίαν ⸂ εὐάρεστον τῷ θεῷ ⸃ , τὴν λογικὴν λατρείαν ὑμῶν·
to present your bodies [corporately] as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service
καὶ μὴ ⸀ συσχηματίζεσθε τῷ αἰῶνι τούτῳ,
and do not be conformed to this age,
ἀλλὰ ⸀ μεταμορφοῦσθε τῇ ἀνακαινώσει τοῦ ⸀ νοός,
but be transformed by the renewal of your mind,
εἰς τὸ δοκιμάζειν ὑμᾶς τί τὸ θέλημα τοῦ θεοῦ, τὸ ἀγαθὸν καὶ εὐάρεστον καὶ τέλειον.
so that you prove the will of God , [all] that is good and acceptable and perfect.
Λέγω γὰρ διὰ τῆς χάριτος τῆς δοθείσης μοι παντὶ τῷ ὄντι ἐν ὑμῖν
For by the grace given to me I say to everyone among you
μὴ ὑπερφρονεῖν παρ’ ὃ δεῖ φρονεῖν,
not to think of more highly of himself than he ought to think,
ἀλλὰ φρονεῖν εἰς τὸ σωφρονεῖν,
but to think so as to be right minded [in relationship to others in the body (See Phil 2:2-5)],
ἑκάστῳ ὡς ὁ θεὸς ἐμέρισεν μέτρον πίστεως.
each according to the metric that God has assigned - faithfulness.
καθάπερ γὰρ ἐν ἑνὶ σώματι ⸂ πολλὰ μέλη ⸃ ἔχομεν,
For even as in one body we [each] have many members ,
τὰ δὲ μέλη πάντα οὐ τὴν αὐτὴν ἔχει πρᾶξιν,
but the members do not all have the same function
οὕτως οἱ πολλοὶ ἓν σῶμά ἐσμεν ἐν Χριστῷ,
so we, the many, are one body in Christ ,
⸀ τὸ δὲ καθ’ εἷς ἀλλήλων μέλη.
but individually members of one another ,
ἔχοντες δὲ χαρίσματα κατὰ τὴν χάριν τὴν δοθεῖσαν ἡμῖν διάφορα,
[individually] having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, (see 3a where Paul refers to his Apostleship as 'the grace given to him.' Possibly why Apostleship does not appear in the following list.)
εἴτε προφητείαν
if [the given grace is] prophecy,
κατὰ τὴν ἀναλογίαν τῆς πίστεως,
then [the prophecy should be offered] in accordance with his right minded faithfulness,
εἴτε διακονίαν
if [the given grace is] service ,
ἐν τῇ διακονίᾳ,
then in [right minded] service ,
εἴτε ὁ διδάσκων
if the teacher [is the given grace],
ἐν τῇ διδασκαλίᾳ,
then [he should be right minded] in the teaching ,
εἴτε ὁ παρακαλῶν
if the one who exhorts [is the given grace],
ἐν τῇ παρακλήσει,
then [he should be right minded] in the exhortation,
ὁ μεταδιδοὺς
the one who contributes [by the grace given to him],
ἐν ἁπλότητι,
[should be right minded] in generosity ,
ὁ προϊστάμενος
the one who leads [by the grace given to him],
ἐν σπουδῇ,
[should be right minded] in zeal ,
ὁ ἐλεῶν
the one who does acts of mercy [by the grace given to him],
ἐν ἱλαρότητι.
[should be right minded] in cheerfulness .
Issues v1-8
V1 Therefore? 11:30-32 represent the message of Paul's gospel - the story of the mercy of God. On those verses - Where the riches of God were described as, and shown to be, imparted apar t from merit . (Meyer) V2 Logical/Spiritual? Worship/Service? V1 Corporately - might be implied by the switch from plural 'bodies' to singular 'sacrifice'. The following verses concentrate on the corporate and individual realities of being 'in Christ.' That being the case this corporate offering might be worthy of consideration. What is measure of faith. Moo says it could be -God gives a metric against which we can measure ourselves and that metric is faithfulness. V3 Paul uses the formula 'the grace given to me' which is repeated in v6a 'the grace given to us'. This might be why the charismata of Apostleship is not presented in this list. V4-8. Where are sentence breaks? Does δὲ necessarily imply a new sentence? What imperative force s/b added to 6b -8?. Being Right minded seems a good fit for it represents the the entire context of v1-5.
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