Translated from LXX
Haggai 1:1-6
The LXX uses an IF/THEN construction between v4 and v5ff in translating the Hebrew text.
#LXX
#Consider
#Haggai
Published October 15th, 2021
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Main point summary
Arc
Diagram 1:1-6
L.2 Applications
notes
Main point summary
Thus says the Lord and Ruler of the Hosts of Heaven - IF you are living in your paneled houses and this House is in ruins THEN consider how things have been going.
Arc
editing
OT
Haggai 1:1-6
esv
mine
a In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came by the hand of Haggai the prophet to b Zerubbabel the son of c Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to d Joshua the son of e Jehozadak, the high priest:
In the second year of Darius the Ruler, in the sixth month, on the first of the month
at the hand of Haggai the Prophet, the word of the Lord came to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, of the tribe of Judah and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak the high priest saying,
temporal
“Thus says the Lord of hosts: These people say the time has not yet come to rebuild the house of the Lord .”
"The Lord, Ruler of the Hosts of Heaven is saying this,
' This people is saying - The time has not come to build the house of the Lord .'
ideaexplanation
locative
Then the word of the Lord came f by the hand of Haggai the prophet, g “Is it a time for you yourselves to dwell in your paneled houses, while h this house lies in ruins?
And the Word of the Lord came at the hand of Haggai the Prophet saying,
" If on the one hand it is the time for you dwell in your paneled houses
but this house is in ruins ,
negativepositive
Now, therefore, thus says the Lord of hosts: i Consider your ways.
"Thus says the Lord, Ruler of the Host of Heaven -
Then order in your hearts how your path has been : (Consider your Ways?)
j You have sown much, and harvested little.
You sowed much
and brought in little;
situationresponse
k You eat, but you never have enough; you drink, but you never have your fill. You clothe yourselves, but no one is warm. And he who l earns wages does so to put them into a bag with holes.
you ate
and weren't satisfied;
you drank
and not to enjoyment;
you clothed yourself
and were not made warm by doing it;
and, the gathered together riches you gathered into a bag full of holes.
series
conditional
concessive
discourse
Diagram 1:1-6
Haggai 1:1-6
lxx
subjectverb
λόγος
solid
drop
equal
revrocket
line
pred
ἐγένετο
prepphrase
pstack
cword
κύριου
ἐν
directobject
ἔτει
τῷ
δευτέρῳ
ἐπὶ
Δαρείου
equals
table
τοῦ
βασιλέως
ἐν
τῷ
μηνὶ
τῷ
ἕκτῳ
indirectobj
μιᾷ
τοῦ
μηνὸς
ἐν
χειρὶ
Αγγαιου
τοῦ
προφήτου
predicate
λέγων
dblaccusative
shelf
vertical
(You(s.))
εἰπὸν
rocketship
πρὸς
πρὸς
Ζοροβαβελ
τὸν
τοῦ
Σαλαθιηλ
ἐκ
φυλῆς
Ιουδα
Ἰησοῦν
τὸν
τὸν
ἱερέα
τὸν
μέγαν
τοῦ
Ιωσεδεκ
καὶ
λέγων
κύριος
παντοκράτωρ
λέγει
τάδε
λέγων
δὴ
vsnum
Haggai 1:1
Haggai 1:2
quoteshelf
λαὸς
οὗτος
λέγουσιν
καιρὸς
ἥκει
οὐχ
τοῦ
infinitive
οἰκοδομῆσαι
τὸν
οἶκον
κυρίου
Haggai 1:3
text
καὶ
λόγος
ἐγένετο
κυρίου
ἐν
χειρὶ
Αγγαιου
τοῦ
προφήτου
λέγων
οἶκος
οὗτος
καιρὸς
ἐστιν
τοῦ
οἰκεῖν
ἐν
οἴκοις
κοιλοστάθμοις
ὑμῶν
ὑμῖν
ἐξηρήμωται
μέν
δὲ
εἰ
Haggai 1:4
Haggai 1:5
καὶ
κύριος
λέγει
νῦν
τάδε
δὴ
τάξατε
τὰς
καρδίας
ὑμῶν
εἰς
τὰς
ὁδοὺς
ὑμῶν
παντοκράτωρ
ἐσπείρατε
πολλὰ
εἰσηνέγκατε
ὀλίγα
καὶ
Haggai 1:6
ἐφάγετε
(X)
οὐκ
εἰς
πλησμονήν
καὶ
ἐπίετε
(X)
οὐκ
εἰς
μέθην
καὶ
περιεβάλεσθε
ἐθερμάνθητε
οὐκ
ἐν
αὐτοῖς
καὶ
συνήγαγεν
συνάγων
τοὺς
μισθοὺς
εἰς
δεσμὸν
τετρυπημένον
καὶ
bracket
smartline
dashed
free
ttext
line2
I pierce —
1 In the second year of Darius the Ruler, in the sixth month, on the first of the month at the hand of Haggai the Prophet, the word of the Lord came to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, of the tribe of Judah and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak the high priest saying,
2 "The Lord, Ruler of the Hosts of Heaven is saying this, 'This people is saying - The time has not come to build the house of the Lord.'
3 And the Word of the Lord came at the hand of Haggai the Prophet saying,
4 "If on the one hand it is the time for you dwell in your paneled houses but this house is in ruins,
5 "Thus says the Lord, Ruler of the Host of Heaven - Then arrange in your hearts how your path has been:
6 You sowed much and brought in little; you ate and weren't satisfied; you drank and not to enjoyment; you clothed yourself and were not made warm by doing it; and, the gathered together riches you gathered into a bag full of holes.
diagram
L.2 Applications
The LXX refers to Zorobabel Son of Salathiel as of the tribe of Juda, not as being governor of Juda. He being the head of the Tribe of Judah being in Israel, and him being in the line of King David, it might be assumed he was governor. The transliteration of Salathiel might be necessitated by there being no Greek letter representing the Sh-shin of the Hebrew alphabet. This prophecy was from God 'at the hand' of the prophet Haggai. Haggai was only an instrument of God's speaking. The If/Then construction between V4 and V5ff seems unique to the LXX but does not seem to hinder our understanding of the passage. It certainly made it easier to Arc! The Hebrew translated 'Consider your ways' is a construct of the glosses - Put / heart / upon / path. The Greek is a construct of - Arange / hearts (your) / upon / path (your). So is 'Consider your ways' a call to self examination or a call to reflection on how things have been going in light of their slowness to build the Temple? And, does the Greek (rightly or wrongly) push the point one way or the other? When we neglect the Temple building we are called to, we can find ourselves identifying with the woes of V6.
Comments
Brent Karding
and brought in little;
I like your Sit-R relationships here - definitely surprising results.
Brent Karding
but this house is in ruins,
Good choice of Neg-Pos here.
Brent Karding
"If on the one hand it is the time for you dwell in your paneled houses
Good relationship choices throughout the arc. I haven't looked at the LXX for Haggai before, but you make a good observation about the "if-then" that is helpful, a fresh way to read the text.
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.