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Ryan Spencer
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Ephesians
Ephesians 1:1-2:10
Shared July 22nd, 2020; Updated July 23rd, 2020
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Ephesians 1:1-2:10
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Ephesians 1:1-2:10 ESV
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Ephesians 1:1-2:10
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Ephesians Greeting 1 1 Paul, a an apostle of Christ Jesus b by the will of God, To the saints who are in Ephesus, and c are faithful 1 in Christ Jesus: 2 d Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Spiritual Blessings in Christ 3 e Blessed be f the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing g in the heavenly places, 4 h even as he i chose us in him j before the foundation of the world, that we should be k holy and blameless before him. In love 5 l he predestined us 1 for m adoption as sons through Jesus Christ, n according to the purpose of his will, 6 o to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in p the Beloved. 7 q In him we have r redemption s through his blood, t the forgiveness of our trespasses, u according to the riches of his grace, 8 which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight 9 v making known 1 to us the mystery of his will, n according to his purpose, which he w set forth in Christ 10 as a plan for x the fullness of time, y to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth. 11 In him we have obtained z an inheritance, a having been predestined b according to the purpose of him who works all things according to c the counsel of his will, 12 so that we who were the first to hope in Christ might be d to the praise of his glory. 13 In him you also, when you heard e the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, f were sealed with the g promised Holy Spirit, 14 who is h the guarantee 1 of our i inheritance until j we acquire k possession of it, 2 l to the praise of his glory. Thanksgiving and Prayer 15 For this reason, m because I have heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love 1 toward all the saints, 16 I n do not cease to give thanks for you, o remembering you in my prayers, 17 that p the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, q may give you the Spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of him, 18 r having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is s the hope to which he has called you, what are t the riches of his glorious inheritance in the saints, 19 and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power toward us who believe, u according to the working of v his great might 20 that he worked in Christ w when he raised him from the dead and x seated him at his right hand y in the heavenly places, 21 z far above a all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above b every name that is named, not only in c this age but also in the one to come. 22 And d he put all things under his feet and gave him as e head over all things to the church, 23 f which is his body, g the fullness of him h who fills i all in all. By Grace Through Faith 2 1 j And you were k dead in the trespasses and sins 2 l in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following m the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in n the sons of disobedience— 3 among whom we all once lived in o the passions of our flesh, carrying out the desires of the body 1 and the mind, and p were by nature q children of wrath, like the rest of mankind. 2 4 But 1 God, being r rich in mercy, s because of the great love with which he loved us, 5 even t when we were dead in our trespasses, u made us alive together with Christ— v by grace you have been saved— 6 and raised us up with him and w seated us with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, 7 so that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable x riches of his grace in y kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. 8 For z by grace you have been saved a through faith. And this is b not your own doing; c it is the gift of God, 9 d not a result of works, e so that no one may boast. 10 For f we are his workmanship, g created in Christ Jesus h for good works, i which God prepared beforehand, j that we should walk in them.
notes
Main point summary
Thanksgiving and Praise to God for his blessings in Jesus Christ
Bracket
Ephesians 1:3-2:10
e Blessed be f the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,
who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing g in the heavenly places,
h [according to the manner in which - καθώς] he i chose us in him j before the foundation of the world,
that we should be k holy and blameless before him. In love
actionpurpose
comparison
l he predestined us 1 for m adoption as sons through Jesus Christ,
n according to the purpose of his will,
actionmanner
o to the praise of his glorious grace,
with which he has blessed us in p the Beloved.
ideaexplanation
q In him we have r redemption s through his blood, t the forgiveness of our trespasses,
u according to the riches of his grace,
which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight
v making known 1 to us the mystery of his will,
n according to his purpose, which he w set forth in Christ as a plan for x the fullness of time,
y to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth.
In him we have obtained z an inheritance,
a having been predestined b according to the purpose of him who works all things according to c the counsel of his will,
so that we who were the first to hope in Christ might be d to the praise of his glory.
In him you also, when you heard e the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, f were sealed with the g promised Holy Spirit,
who is h the guarantee 1 of our i inheritance
until j we acquire k possession of it, 2
temporal
l to the praise of his glory.
progression
For this reason, m because I have heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love 1 toward all the saints,
I n do not cease to give thanks for you,
o remembering you in my prayers,
[by asking] that p the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, q may give you the Spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of him,
r having the eyes of your hearts enlightened,
that you may know what is s the hope to which he has called you, what are t the riches of his glorious inheritance in the saints, and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power toward us who believe,
u according to the working of v his great might
that he worked in Christ
w when he raised him from the dead
and [when he] x seated him at his right hand y in the heavenly places,
z far above a all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above b every name that is named, not only in c this age but also in the one to come.
locative
And [when] d he put all things under his feet and gave him as e head over all things to the church,
f which is his body, g the fullness of him h who fills i all in all.
series
inference
j And you were k dead in the trespasses and sins l in which you once walked,
following the course of this world,
following m the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in n the sons of disobedience—
among whom we all once lived in o the passions of our flesh,
carrying out the desires of the body 1 and the mind,
and p were by nature q children of wrath, like the rest of mankind. 2
But 1 God , being r rich in mercy,
s because of the great love with which he loved us,
even t when we were dead in our trespasses,
concessive
ground
u [God] made us alive together with Christ—
v by grace you have been saved—
and raised us up with him
and w seated us with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus,
so that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable x riches of his grace in y kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.
For z by grace you have been saved a through faith.
And this is b not your own doing;
c it is the gift of God,
d not a result of works,
negativepositive
e so that no one may boast.
For f we are his workmanship,
g created in Christ Jesus h for good works,
i which God prepared beforehand,
j that we should walk in them.
bilateral
situationresponse
The FOUR Blessings He blessed us, by choosing us, as was always his plan, to be holy and blameless before him.
Blessing #1 Adoption He's made us sons, according to his desire by blessing us in Christ Jesus by grace.
Blessing #2 Redemption He forgives by his grace, through his blood. the MYSTERY revealed. Being united in Christ. See 3:6
Blessing #3 Inheritance After mentioning fullness of time in v. 10, he moves toward our reward. Does the "so that" in 12 modify obtained? I think so. Our obtaining the inheritance is by his choice, which he is able to secure by his will.
Blessing #4 The Holy Spirit Faith grants the Holy Spirit, our guarantee of future inheritance. A CHANGE TO 2ND PERSON HERE IS SIGNIFICANT.
TRANSITION RATIONALE Paul offers a prayer of thanks and provision for knowledge and wisdom iIN RESPONSE to his recounting of the blessings they've received by faith. These blessings accompany faith & because he knows of their faith it is fitting to thank God.
Paul's Prayer Spirit of Wisdom & Knowledge Hope they were called to Inheritance that is theirs Power of God toward them Resurrection power Exaltation power Kingdom power All of it wrapped up in Christ as the head of the CHURCH - [central theme]
From DEAD TO ALIVE God makes us alive in Christ Jesus. The emphasis is on Grace working through faith. This grace is a gift of God. The PURPOSE? Good Works & God's glory
GROUNDS EVERYTHING IN GRACE SAVING THROUGH FAITH
discourse
Notes
Commentary Section by Section I. INTRODUCTION 1:1-2 Worth noting that Paul adds the phrase “faithful ones / or those who have faith.” II. THE CHURCH: THE FULLNESS OF CHRIST IN PAUL’S THANKSGIVING AND PRAISE 1:3-2:10 Paul is giving us an example to follow in this section. We should consider how he thinks about the things he discusses and how they go against the natural way we think. This is excellent training ground to develop our minds and search for ways that we think incorrectly about God, this world, and his blessings. I think Paul bursts forth with an extra dose of excitement twice in this section. In 1:10 when he discusses the mystery set forth in Christ as a plan for the fulness of time and again in 1:23 when he finishes a crescendo by describing the church as the “fulness of him who fills all in all.” The central themes of Paul’s Praise and thanksgiving seems to be the fulness and completion of what Christ has accomplished, the fact that this was God’s plan from the beginning, and that it all comes to completion in the church. Main Idea: God is to be blessed. This is grounded in what he has done for the church in Christ, all planned from the beginning. A. PRAISE GOD FOR FOUR SPIRITUAL BLESSINGS 1:3-14 These four blessings come to us by his choosing us from eternity past. They mostly all begin with the demonstrative [Ἐν ᾧ], “In this one.” The emphasis is on what Christ has won for us who believe in him. 1. Blessing of Adoption 1:5-6 We’ve been made sons through Jesus Christ, which is in accordance with God’s will and should cause us to praise his grace. This was always his plan for us. 2. Blessing of Redemption 1:7-10 Redemption is through his blood. It is the forgiveness of our sins. This too is by God’s grace to us. This grace came in abundance, with wisdom, revealing a MYSTERY (3:6), and causing the uniting of all things. 3. Blessing of Inheritance 1:11-12 We start to see a progression. We’ve been brought into the family, received forgiveness and unity. To what end? A glorious inheritance! This is doubly sure, for the one who brought us in and forgave us has total power and has destined all of the world toward a final inheritance. All things are working in the world to this end. The inheritance is the focus of these verses, not a hidden mysterious selection of the future fate of individual souls. That is an odd way to read the word predestined here in my opinion. The broader context does not seem to be making any argument of this kind. 4. Blessing of the Holy Spirit 1:13-14 It is the Spirit who confirms that this is a reality for us. He uses the 2nd person here for the first time. This makes sense when understanding the background that the Gentiles receiving the Spirit was the confirmation to the Jews of the mystery (Acts 15), that the gospel was for them also. He emphasizes that the Spirit, who confirms all these blessings, is indeed theirs. They received Him by faith and by believing in Jesus. All of it is to God’s glory. [Some translator vary in 1:14 – guarantee/pledge/down payment – Until the redemption of God’s own possession NASB.] B. PAUL'S THANKSGIVING FOR THE EPHESIANS 1:15-23 Paul then responds to the blessings in Christ he had just described by praying for the Ephesians. He emphasizes that he gives thanks due to their faith. You could say he recognizes their faith, and because he understands all the blessings that come with that faith, he gives thanks for them. 1. A Trinitarian Prayer for Wisdom and Knowledge 1:17-23 He asks God for the Spirit of wisdom & revelation in the knowledge of him and then describes how : having the eyes of your heart enlightened. Interesting phrase. I take it to mean that he wants them to understand with their whole being the following three things. These things should sink deep into the fabric of who they are. i. Knowledge of Hope 1:18b The first thing is Hope. This hope was given to them when they first heard of Jesus and believed. It’s a hope in the resurrection. The object of this hope is more fully put into focus in the next prayer. ii. Knowledge of Inheritance 1:18c After hope, the excitement of that hope and the quality of that hope is fuller when we see the riches of what God has waiting for us in our inheritance. iii. Knowledge of Power 1:19-23 Finally, this hope is bolstered by the power of God raising Jesus from the dead, exalted him on high, and subdued all his enemies. This same power is directed toward us who believe. Finally, it is this all-powerful, victorious, & exalted Jesus who is given to the church to lead us. And we are the fulness of him who fills all in all. This is his first mention of the word church in the book, an important theme to come. This is the climax to everything that comes before. All the blessings and Paul’s prayer for the Ephesians find their fulfillment in this statement of the church being the “fulness of him who fills all in all.” We get a glimpse of it back in v. 10 as well. C. A UNIFIED CONVERSION EXPERIENCE 2:1-10 Paul recounts their state as spiritually dead in sin, living a lifestyle of sin, following the devil’s way of life. When he says, “we all” in 2:3, he is including himself, and by inclusion even the Jewish believers before they had Christ. I think this is the point in switching from the 2nd person back to the 3rd. This is significant at this point, for these ten verses are serving the purpose of building common ground between all members of the new covenant church. All of us were dead in sin prior to our faith in Christ. “For by Grace you have been saved through faith” is the heart of this section. Before this phrase, this grace is grounded in God’s great love for us in his mercy, despite our undeserving nature. The action is given to God who “made us alive together with Christ.” I think this clearly should be read in parallel with 2:1 which is clearly referring to a spiritual death. After 2:8, he expounds upon this grace, emphasizing it as God’s doing, not our own, which excludes boasting. The purpose of our salvation is set forth as walking in good works which God prepared for us.
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