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Don't deny and ignore sin - battle it and trust Jesus.
1 John 1:5-2:2
Eternal life, true fellowship and deep joy.
1 John 1:1-4
Pray for knowledge and insight for your brothers and sisters.
Philippians 1:1-11
Διακονια
Acts 6:1-7
It is right to speak with boldness about the Risen Anointed One.
Acts 4:1-31
Healings glorify Jesus the Messiah and call for a response of repentant listening from all nations.
Acts 3:1-26
No. Other. Name.
Acts 4:7-12
This is going to hurt...
Acts 1:12-26
Jesus came as Messiah not Miracle-Worker.
Mark 1:29-45
God's presence, perfection and protection.
Exodus 40:34-38
Why does the bible condemn slavery?
1 Thessalonians 1:8-10
Authority and Majesty
Psalms 93:1-5
Draft Sermon Prep
Exodus 24:1-11
...so that the fear of God will be with you to keep you from sinning.
Exodus 20:1-17
Prepare for the coming king by NOT tidying up
Mark 1:1-8
Obedience as worshipful response to redemption.
Exodus 20:1-17
Read, Preach, Teach
1 Timothy 4:11-16
Christians imitate the Lord and model the gospel.
1 Thessalonians 1:4-7
Look for gospel transformation in others - and then thank God for it.
1 Thessalonians 1:2-3
The unexpected path to faith and fulfilment.
James 1:2-4
Jesus baptism, testing and preaching
Mark 1:9-15
Preparation for Jesus means repentance.
Mark 1:1-8
You are free from the law through Christ so you can serve God by bearing fruit by the Spirit.
Romans 7:1-6
Accept the apostles' words as God's word.
1 Thessalonians 2:13-16
Big Idea: Paul glorifies the God who has rescued us through Christ.
Galatians 1:1-5
Bracket vv24-30.
John 10:24-30
Bracket vv31-39.
John 10:31-39
Bracket.
John 10:14-18
Phrase vv22-42.
John 10:22-41
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A New Commandment
1 John 2:3-11
An Old-New Command that Shows Light-Darkenss
#light
#command
Published August 23rd, 2020
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1 John 2:3-11
NIV
Main point summary
Bracket
Phrase
Bracket Walkthru
lookup
1 John 2:3-11 NIV
NT
1 John 2:3-11
niv
Love and Hatred for Fellow Believers 3 We know that we have come to know him if we keep his commands. 4 Whoever says, “I know him,” but does not do what he commands is a liar, and the truth is not in that person. 5 But if anyone obeys his word, love for God is truly made complete in them. This is how we know we are in him: 6 Whoever claims to live in him must live as Jesus did. 7 Dear friends, I am not writing you a new command but an old one, which you have had since the beginning. This old command is the message you have heard. 8 Yet I am writing you a new command; its truth is seen in him and in you, because the darkness is passing and the true light is already shining. 9 Anyone who claims to be in the light but hates a brother or sister is still in the darkness. 10 Anyone who loves their brother and sister lives in the light, and there is nothing in them to make them stumble. 11 But anyone who hates a brother or sister is in the darkness and walks around in the darkness. They do not know where they are going, because the darkness has blinded them.
notes
Main point summary
God's command steers us in our walk of light and shows the warning signs of wandering towards darkness.
Bracket
editing
1 John 2:3-11
sbl
Καὶ ἐν τούτῳ γινώσκομεν ὅτι ἐγνώκαμεν αὐτόν,
ἐὰν τὰς ἐντολὰς αὐτοῦ τηρῶμεν.
ὁ λέγων ⸀ ὅτι Ἔγνωκα αὐτὸν
καὶ τὰς ἐντολὰς αὐτοῦ μὴ τηρῶν
bothand
ψεύστης ἐστίν,
conditional
καὶ ἐν τούτῳ ἡ ἀλήθεια οὐκ ἔστιν·
inference
ὃς δ’ ἂν τηρῇ αὐτοῦ τὸν λόγον,
ἀληθῶς ἐν τούτῳ ἡ ἀγάπη τοῦ θεοῦ τετελείωται.
negativepositive
generalspecific
questionanswer
ἐν τούτῳ γινώσκομεν ὅτι ἐν αὐτῷ ἐσμεν·
ὁ λέγων ἐν αὐτῷ μένειν
ὀφείλει [αὐτὸς περιπατεῖν]
καθὼς ἐκεῖνος περιεπάτησεν καὶ ⸀ αὐτὸς περιπατεῖν .
comparison
series
⸀ Ἀγαπητοί, οὐκ ἐντολὴν καινὴν γράφω ὑμῖν,
ἀλλ’ ἐντολὴν παλαιὰν ἣν εἴχετε ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς·
ἡ ἐντολὴ ἡ παλαιά ἐστιν ὁ λόγος ὃν ⸀ ἠκούσατε.
ideaexplanation
alternative
πάλιν ἐντολὴν καινὴν γράφω ὑμῖν,
ὅ ἐστιν ἀληθὲς ἐν αὐτῷ καὶ ἐν ὑμῖν,
ὅτι ἡ σκοτία παράγεται
καὶ τὸ φῶς τὸ ἀληθινὸν ἤδη φαίνει.
progression
ground
ὁ λέγων ἐν τῷ φωτὶ εἶναι
καὶ τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ μισῶν
ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ ἐστὶν ἕως ἄρτι.
ὁ ἀγαπῶν τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ
ἐν τῷ φωτὶ μένει,
καὶ σκάνδαλον ἐν αὐτῷ οὐκ ἔστιν·
ὁ δὲ μισῶν τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ
ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ ἐστὶν
καὶ ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ περιπατεῖ,
καὶ οὐκ οἶδεν ποῦ ὑπάγει,
ὅτι ἡ σκοτία ἐτύφλωσεν τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς αὐτοῦ.
bilateral
discourse
Phrase
1 John 2:3-11
Καὶ ἐν τούτῳ γινώσκομεν
ὅτι ἐγνώκαμεν αὐτόν,
ἐὰν τὰς ἐντολὰς αὐτοῦ τηρῶμεν.
ὅτι Ἔγνωκα αὐτὸν
τὰς ἐντολὰς αὐτοῦ
ὁ λέγων ... καὶ ... μὴ τηρῶν ψεύστης ἐστίν,
καὶ ἐν τούτῳ ἡ ἀλήθεια οὐκ ἔστιν·
δ’ ... ἀληθῶς ἐν τούτῳ ἡ ἀγάπη τοῦ θεοῦ τετελείωται.
ὃς ἂν τηρῇ αὐτοῦ τὸν λόγον,
ἐν τούτῳ γινώσκομεν
ὅτι ἐν αὐτῷ ἐσμεν·
ἐν αὐτῷ μένειν
ὁ λέγων ... ὀφείλει ... αὐτὸς περιπατεῖν.
καθὼς ἐκεῖνος περιεπάτησεν καὶ
Ἀγαπητοί,
οὐκ ἐντολὴν καινὴν γράφω ὑμῖν,
ἀλλ’ ἐντολὴν παλαιὰν
ἣν εἴχετε ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς·
ἡ ἐντολὴ ἡ παλαιά ἐστιν ὁ λόγος
ὃν ἠκούσατε.
πάλιν
ἐντολὴν καινὴν γράφω ὑμῖν,
ὅ ἐστιν ἀληθὲς ἐν αὐτῷ καὶ ἐν ὑμῖν,
ὅτι ἡ σκοτία παράγεται
καὶ τὸ φῶς τὸ ἀληθινὸν ἤδη φαίνει.
ἐν τῷ φωτὶ εἶναι
τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ
ὁ λέγων ... καὶ ... μισῶν ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ ἐστὶν ἕως ἄρτι.
ὁ ἀγαπῶν τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ ἐν τῷ φωτὶ μένει,
καὶ σκάνδαλον ἐν αὐτῷ οὐκ ἔστιν·
ὁ δὲ μισῶν τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ ἐστὶν
καὶ ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ περιπατεῖ,
καὶ οὐκ οἶδεν ποῦ ὑπάγει,
ὅτι ἡ σκοτία ἐτύφλωσεν τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς αὐτοῦ.
Καὶ ἐν τούτῳ γινώσκομεν ὅτι ἐγνώκαμεν αὐτόν, ἐὰν τὰς ἐντολὰς αὐτοῦ τηρῶμεν.
ὁ λέγων ὅτι Ἔγνωκα αὐτὸν καὶ τὰς ἐντολὰς αὐτοῦ μὴ τηρῶν ψεύστης ἐστίν, καὶ ἐν τούτῳ ἡ ἀλήθεια οὐκ ἔστιν·
ὃς δ’ ἂν τηρῇ αὐτοῦ τὸν λόγον, ἀληθῶς ἐν τούτῳ ἡ ἀγάπη τοῦ θεοῦ τετελείωται. ἐν τούτῳ γινώσκομεν ὅτι ἐν αὐτῷ ἐσμεν·
ὁ λέγων ἐν αὐτῷ μένειν ὀφείλει καθὼς ἐκεῖνος περιεπάτησεν καὶ αὐτὸς περιπατεῖν.
Ἀγαπητοί, οὐκ ἐντολὴν καινὴν γράφω ὑμῖν, ἀλλ’ ἐντολὴν παλαιὰν ἣν εἴχετε ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς· ἡ ἐντολὴ ἡ παλαιά ἐστιν ὁ λόγος ὃν ἠκούσατε.
πάλιν ἐντολὴν καινὴν γράφω ὑμῖν, ὅ ἐστιν ἀληθὲς ἐν αὐτῷ καὶ ἐν ὑμῖν, ὅτι ἡ σκοτία παράγεται καὶ τὸ φῶς τὸ ἀληθινὸν ἤδη φαίνει.
ὁ λέγων ἐν τῷ φωτὶ εἶναι καὶ τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ μισῶν ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ ἐστὶν ἕως ἄρτι.
ὁ ἀγαπῶν τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ ἐν τῷ φωτὶ μένει, καὶ σκάνδαλον ἐν αὐτῷ οὐκ ἔστιν·
ὁ δὲ μισῶν τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ ἐστὶν καὶ ἐν τῇ σκοτίᾳ περιπατεῖ, καὶ οὐκ οἶδεν ποῦ ὑπάγει, ὅτι ἡ σκοτία ἐτύφλωσεν τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς αὐτοῦ.
phrasing
Bracket Walkthru
John’s style here is somewhat unusual. I have sought to convey in the bracket the implied sense of the clauses rather than only the grammatical relationships. The “in this we know” phrases of v3a and v4d are taken as questions . They are not phrased as this grammatically, nor punctuated as such by the GNTs. However, their effect is to ask/answer the question: how do we know we know him/are in him. There are two such Q-A relationships (3a-5b and 5c-6c). These are connected in series . The answer to the first is given plainly: if we keep his commands. This general statement is then expressed specifically in vv4a-5b. Throughout this passage the use of articular participles are bracket as If-Then constructions. Again, this is not grammatically the case since there are no conditional constructions here. Rather the rhetorical effect is that the first clause sets up a condition which, if true, leads to the conclusion presented in the second clause, which acts as the apodosis. The two If-Th clauses of 4a-c and 5a-b form a Negative-Positive relationship with the first presenting a negative example (and its inference in 4d) and the second presenting a more appropriate positive example. The third If-Then (6a-b) is followed by comparative clause outlining how a person who claims to remain in Christ ought to walk. The overall structure of the passage is bilateral with vv7-8 forming the grounds of both vv3-6 and vv9-11. The central section is the foundation for the parts that precede and follow. John’s explanation of what he is writing (which is both-and old and new) centres on the Word of God. It is this truth, from God who is light (cf. 1:5) which expels darkness (v8c-d), resides in the readers (v8a) and is known by them (v7c). Because this truth has the power to override darkness and is present with and known to the readers. therefore they are able to both discern how to life and follow such a path. The third section (vv9-11) is the second inference drawn from the grounds of vv7-9 and in many ways mirrors vv3-6. Once again the participial phrases act as If-Then conditions, with the first one (vv9a-b) containing a theologically impossible Both-And scenario. The second (10a-c) and third (11a-e) If-Th relationships form another Positive-Negative. Positively. John is able to pronounce that the person who loves his brother is in the light, while the one who hates his brother is in darkness.
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