Jack's Mark Passage
Mark 1:9-15
Jesus baptism, testing and preaching
#Baptism
#repentance
Published October 18th, 2019; Updated October 24th, 2019
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Main point summary
Mark 1:9-15
NIVUK
Questions to ask of the passage
Greek Phrasing
ESV Phrasing
Arc
Arc Comments
Exegetical Notes
notes
Main point summary
Big Idea: Jesus' demand for repentance and belief is grounded in his identity (seen at baptism) and his suffering (seen in his testing).
lookup
Mark 1:9-15 NIVUK
NT
Mark 1:9-15
nivuk
The baptism and testing of Jesus 9 At that time Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee and was baptised by John in the Jordan. 10 Just as Jesus was coming up out of the water, he saw heaven being torn open and the Spirit descending on him like a dove. 11 And a voice came from heaven: ‘You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.’ 12 At once the Spirit sent him out into the wilderness, 13 and he was in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted by Satan. He was with the wild animals, and angels attended him. Jesus announces the good news 14 After John was put in prison, Jesus went into Galilee, proclaiming the good news of God. 15 ‘The time has come,’ he said. ‘The kingdom of God has come near. Repent and believe the good news!’
Questions to ask of the passage
Just like Ask Before You Answer - questions help us understand another person's view so also genuine, humble questions help us understand Mark's view. How many sentences? Words? Paragraphs? How many instances of direct speech/quotes? Who speaks the most? How divide it up into sections? Why? Paraphrase it. Summarise it. Underline all the connecting words. What words are repeated? What are the main verbs? Are there any imperatives/commands? What do you think Mark expects the reader to do in response? How/where do English versions vary? Why? How do you decide which to follow? What big bible words are there that you need to expand your understanding of? What parts would you be tempted to miss out/skim over? Why did Mark include them?
Greek Phrasing
Mark 1:9-15
na28
Jordan
ἐγένετο ἐν ἐκείναις ταῖς ἡμέραις
Temporal
Καὶ ... ἦλθεν Ἰησοῦς ἀπὸ Ναζαρὲτ τῆς Γαλιλαίας
καὶ ἐβαπτίσθη εἰς τὸν Ἰορδάνην ὑπὸ Ἰωάννου.
ἀναβαίνων ἐκ τοῦ ὕδατος
καὶ εὐθὺς ... εἶδεν
σχιζομένους τοὺς οὐρανοὺς
2 x Supp pcpl w/verb of perception
καὶ τὸ πνεῦμα ὡς περιστερὰν καταβαῖνον εἰς αὐτόν•
καὶ φωνὴ ἐγένετο ἐκ τῶν οὐρανῶν• (λεγων)
σὺ εἶ ὁ υἱός μου = ὁ ἀγαπητός,
na28
ἐν σοὶ εὐδόκησα.
Wilderness
Καὶ εὐθὺς τὸ πνεῦμα αὐτὸν ἐκβάλλει εἰς τὴν ἔρημον.
καὶ ἦν ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ τεσσεράκοντα ἡμέρας
πειραζόμενος ὑπὸ τοῦ σατανᾶ,
Periphrastic
καὶ ἦν μετὰ τῶν θηρίων, *
καὶ οἱ ἄγγελοι διηκόνουν αὐτῷ.
Galilee
Μετὰ τὸ παραδοθῆναι τὸν Ἰωάννην
δὲ ... ἦλθεν ὁ Ἰησοῦς εἰς τὴν Γαλιλαίαν *
κηρύσσων τὸ εὐαγγέλιον τοῦ θεοῦ
Manner
καὶ λέγων ὅτι
πεπλήρωται ὁ καιρὸς
na28
καὶ ἤγγικεν ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ θεοῦ•
μετανοεῖτε
καὶ πιστεύετε ἐν τῷ εὐαγγελίῳ.
Καὶ ἐγένετο ἐν ἐκείναις ταῖς ἡμέραις ἦλθεν Ἰησοῦς ἀπὸ Ναζαρὲτ τῆς Γαλιλαίας καὶ ἐβαπτίσθη εἰς τὸν Ἰορδάνην ὑπὸ Ἰωάννου.
καὶ εὐθὺς ἀναβαίνων ἐκ τοῦ ὕδατος εἶδεν σχιζομένους τοὺς οὐρανοὺς καὶ τὸ πνεῦμα ὡς περιστερὰν καταβαῖνον εἰς αὐτόν•
καὶ φωνὴ ἐγένετο ἐκ τῶν οὐρανῶν• σὺ εἶ ὁ υἱός μου ὁ ἀγαπητός, ἐν σοὶ εὐδόκησα.
Καὶ εὐθὺς τὸ πνεῦμα αὐτὸν ἐκβάλλει εἰς τὴν ἔρημον.
καὶ ἦν ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ τεσσεράκοντα ἡμέρας πειραζόμενος ὑπὸ τοῦ σατανᾶ, καὶ ἦν μετὰ τῶν θηρίων, * καὶ οἱ ἄγγελοι διηκόνουν αὐτῷ.
Μετὰ δὲ τὸ παραδοθῆναι τὸν Ἰωάννην ἦλθεν ὁ Ἰησοῦς εἰς τὴν Γαλιλαίαν * κηρύσσων τὸ εὐαγγέλιον τοῦ θεοῦ
καὶ λέγων ὅτι πεπλήρωται ὁ καιρὸς καὶ ἤγγικεν ἡ βασιλεία τοῦ θεοῦ• μετανοεῖτε καὶ πιστεύετε ἐν τῷ εὐαγγελίῳ.
phrasing
ESV Phrasing
Mark 1:9-15
esv
In those days
Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee
and was baptized by John in the Jordan.
when he came up out of the water,
And ... immediately he saw
the heavens being torn open
Supplementary participles with a verb of perception
and the Spirit descending on him like a dove.
And a voice came from heaven, (saying)
“You are my beloved Son;
with you I am well pleased.”
The Spirit immediately drove him out into the wilderness.
And he was in the wilderness forty days,
being tempted by Satan.
And he was with the wild animals,
and the angels were ministering to him.
Galilii
after John was arrested,
Now ... Jesus came into Galilee,
proclaiming the gospel of God,
and saying,
“The time is fulfilled,
and the kingdom of God is at hand;
repent
and believe in the gospel.”
Arc
Mark 1:9-15
At that time Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee
and was baptised by John in the Jordan.
series
Just as Jesus was coming up out of the water,
he saw
heaven being torn open
and the Spirit descending on him like a dove.
progression
ideaexplanation
temporal
And a voice came from heaven:
‘You are my Son, whom I love;
with you I am well pleased.’
At once the Spirit sent him out into the wilderness,
and he was in the wilderness for forty days,
being tempted by Satan.
actionmanner
He was with the wild animals,
and angels attended him.
After John was put in prison,
Jesus went into Galilee,
proclaiming the good news of God.
‘The time has come,’ he said.
‘The kingdom of God has come near.
Repent
and believe the good news!’
inference
discourse
Arc Comments
The three episodes (9-11, 12-13 and 14-15) are a series (possibly a progression ?). The first is made up of three parts: v9 provides the setting, v10 begins with a temporal setting followed by an Id-Exp telling us what Jesus saw. Then ( progression ), after Jesus saw something, he heard something (the words of the Father). vv12-13 form a simple progression: sent > tempted (including Ac-Mn ) > animals > angels. The final section (vv14-15) also being with a temporal setting, leading into an Id-Exp . The idea is 14b-c which tells us Jesus action (going to Galilee) and the manner (preaching). The explanation of this is formed by the content of his proclamation: an idea (the time has come) followed by explanation (the kingdom is at hand). Therefore ( inference ): repent and believe ( series , but arguably progression , Ac-Mn or even Id-Exp ). Overall I think that vv9-11 and 12-13 for a progression (baptism then testing) and that these two sections together lead to the inference of vv14-15. That is, Jesus can only make the statements and demands of vv14-15 because of the events of vv9-13.
Exegetical Notes
There seems to be a significance to Jesus' relationship with sin. He is baptised in the same way as sinners - John is baptising people "for the forgiveness of sins" (1:4) He is tempted to sin He calls for repentance Four times, Jesus passivity is highlighted (see red highlights). He is baptisted by John (v9c) He is sent into the dessert by the Spirit (v12) He is tempted by Satan (v13b) He is ministered to by the angels (v13d) The whole Trinity is present in v11: Jesus is baptised, the Father speaks, the Spirit descends/anoints. The passage breaks into three short episodes: In vv9-11, Jesus is baptised and his identity is confirmed by Father and Spirit. Then in 12-13, Jesus is sent out to be tempted. Finally in vv14-15, Jesus returns to Galilee (note the inclusio with v9) and preaches faith and repentance. Episode 1 highlights' Jesus' identity. Episode 2 points seems to draw attention to Jesus' submissiveness. He is sent and tempted and needs ministering too. This idea links to the baptism in v9c. Jesus has come in obedience, humility, service even though he is the Beloved Son. In the final episode, note the timing. The arrival of kingdom of God is clearly linked to Jesus' own arrival. But is there any special significance also linking it to the end of John's public ministry (v14a)?
Comments
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.