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Stephen.Choy
My name's Stephen. I am loved by God.
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The Immeasurable Gift of the Gospel
2 Corinthians 5:21
God's Love, God's Salvation, God's Grace, God's Glory.
Ephesians 2:1-10
Christians, if someone wrongs you and refuses to humbly repent, then let him go, because God desires to keep and protect you from his sin.
Matthew 18:15-20
I cling to my Lord who is my Helper, Saviour and Friend.
1 Peter 3:18
We have full confidence in the revealed, illumined and inspired Word of God given to us by the Spirit of God.
1 Corinthians 2
What is more amazing than being set free from sin?  Being set free to Christ, our righteousness and keeper forever.
1 Peter 2:24-25
As those identified with Christ, we are called to live new lives enabled by a glorious God.
Romans 6:1-4
Death in Adam; life in Christ.
Romans 5
If you have been called to preach the gospel, do not relent, because God delights in your ministry.
2 Timothy 4:1-8
Grass withers and flowers fade, but the word of our God shall stand forever.
2 Timothy 3
What does a false teacher look like?  He appears to be godly, but, in truth, he seeks only to steal and devour.  Avoid these wolves.
2 Timothy 3:1-9
Scripture is from God alone.  Let no man claim otherwise.
Galatians 1
Although our sin deserves punishment, the love and grace of God, through Christ, intercede to give us everlasting joy.
Romans 5:1-17
What is our joy?  It is not ourselves.  It is the love of God in Jesus Christ.
Romans 5:6-11
Condemnation follows us in Adam, but Rejoicing is our reward in Christ
Romans 5:1-14
Good News! The life, death and resurrection of Christ is the source of our faith, pardon, justification, and reconciliation to God.
Romans 5:1-11
Rejoice!  God doesn't just save, and God doesn't just promise a future, but He promises His love and help for those who believe now.
Romans 5:1-5
Faith in God to fulfill His promises by grace is the only way by which we can be saved
Romans 4:13-25
Abraham was justified by faith, as are those who follow in his footsteps.
Romans 4:1-12
Who is the blessed man?  He who seeks after the very things of God.  To Him shall be a heavenly reward and satisfaction forever.
Psalms 1
Righteousness is a gift to those who cannot save themselves, and, instead, fall at the cross and confess Christ as Lord.
Romans 3
In God there is no contradiction, for the law condemns self-righteous sinners, but God saves the repentant who believe in Christ.
Romans 3:1-26
Church, set your minds on things above by loving one another as Christ loved you, which is your thanksgiving to God.
Colossians 3:12-17
What is the advantage of having the Law?  To know God's will.  Does the law justify?  No, it condemns.  Simply, the Law is good, we are not.
Romans 3:1-20
God is immeasurably compassionate, so much so that we cannot truly grasp it, and yet, it is exactly sufficient to accomplish His plans.
Jonah 4
God saves us to show us Himself.  Namely, that He is unlike any other and requires our worship through obedience.
Deuteronomy 4:32-40
It is not too late!  Repent and Believe!  He is merciful and mighty, alone, to save.
Jonah 3
When we are in despair without hope of deliverance, look to the merciful Lord who is faithful to save and deliver.
Jonah 2
In Christ we are made heirs to the throne of God, justified by faith, children of promise and free from the shackles of law.
Galatians 3:15-29
The Law was Given for Blessing, but it Became a Curse
Romans 3:1-8
God is Holy, We are Sinful, He shall Judge the Nations.
Romans 2
How Does God Prevent Divine Contradiction? By Revealing His Power in the Gospel.
Romans 1
Marks of True Salvation: A New Heart, Divine Conviction and the Delight of God Alone.
Romans 2:25-29
God wants us for Himself, so He does it by Himself, for our joy, and His worship.
Psalms 23
Jews, the bearers of the law, are not exempt from the wrath of God
Romans 2:17-24
Spiritual gifts in the public assembly are for its mutual benefit and the reflection of God's character.
1 Corinthians 14:26-40
Christ, Our Master and Commander - the Anchor of Our Faith.
Matthew 8:23-27
Men lead as men, women submit as women, and do it for the pleasure of God and the gospel.
1 Corinthians 11:2-16
Prayer leading to gospel-change and gospel-living in the church.
1 Timothy 2
Healthy Churches for Christ-Centred, Gospel-Hearing, Cross-Bearing Peoples.
Acts 6:1-8
No one receives pardon, all are to be judged. For those in the law, Christ's example condemns.
Romans 2:12-16
If you are good, then God shall give life; If you are bad, then God shall render destruction.
Romans 2:6-11
Come ye weary, heavy-laden, lost and ruined by the fall, if you tarry, till you're better, you will never come at all.
Romans 2:1-5
How do we stay motivated to share the gospel to the nations? We see the immensity of the grace that we first received.
Romans 1:1-7
When God gives us up to our sinfulness, it is a complete destruction of everything He originally intended.
Romans 1:28-32
What is the result when God abandons sinners? They seek pleasure in things just like themselves, which will always be insufficient.
Romans 1:26-27
God abandons those who refuse to love and obey Him, but such abandonment does not come without a hope of restoration.
Romans 1:24-25
God alone saves and justifies
Romans 1:16-17
What is the primary motivation for God's wrath against humanity, and what is man's chief sin?
Romans 1:18-23
We need to praise God for the faithfulness of gospel-centred missions, but the task is not complete. Does God call me to go? Faithful steps.
Romans 1:8-15
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God calls, No options
Jonah 1
Obey when God calls.  Reject God and suffer the consequences.  In both obedience and disobedience, God will accomplish His purposes.
#Call
#obedience
#WrathofGod
Published June 28th, 2018; Updated July 9th, 2018
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Main point summary
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notes
Main point summary
When God calls you, listen, respond and obey! For your faithfulness is a delight to God and a testimony to the nations! Disobedience only incurs the righteous wrath of God. Nevertheless, God will use both your obedience and disobedience to bring about His glory and worship.
Arc
editing
OT
Jonah 1:1-17
esv
mine
Now the word of the Lord came to a Jonah the son of Amittai, saying,
God spoke to Jonah,
“ Arise ,
HE SAID, "Get up
go to b Nineveh,
IN ORDER TO travel to Nineveh
actionpurpose
that c great city,
TO EXPLAIN, it is a great city
ideaexplanation
and call out against it,
THEN tell them they are sinful
progression
d for their evil 1 has come up before me.”
BECAUSE their sin offends me"
ground
But Jonah e rose to flee to f Tarshish
INSTEAD, Jonah decided to run away
from the presence of the Lord .
IN ORDER TO escape God's presence/the spirit of prophesy/the call of God to cry out against evil.
He went down to g Joppa
THUS, He went to Joppa
and found a ship going to f Tarshish.
THEN found a Tarshish ship
So he paid the fare
THEN paid the fare
and went down into it,
THEN went into the boat
to go with them to f Tarshish,
IN ORDER TO go to Tarshish
h away from the presence of the Lord .
AND flee from God's presence/spirit of prophesy (in Israel)/his responsibilities and obligations as a prophet
series
inference
But i the Lord hurled a great wind upon the sea,
AS A RESULT OF JONAH'S DISOBEDIENCE, God created a storm
and there was a mighty tempest on the sea,
TO EXPLAIN, this storm was fierce
so that the ship threatened j to break up.
AND AS A RESULT, the storm threatened to destroy Jonah's boat
Then the mariners were afraid,
THEN the seafarers were afraid
and k each cried out to his god.
THEN they prayed to their idols
And l they hurled the cargo that was in the ship into the sea
THEN they threw the heavy things in the sea
to lighten it for them.
IN ORDER TO help them float
actionresult
But Jonah had gone down into the inner part of the ship
SURPRISINGLY, Jonah was doing none of these things, because he'd gone down into the ship
and had lain down
THEN he lied down
and was fast asleep.
AS A RESULT, he fell asleep
So the captain came and said to him,
THEN, the captain came down SURPRISED at Jonah, and said
“What do you mean, you sleeper?
“How can you not be awake right now?!
Arise ,
Wake up!
negativepositive
k call out to your god!
THEN pray to your God
m Perhaps the god will give a thought to us,
AS A RESULT he might have mercy on us
that we may not perish.”
IN ORDER THAT we do not die"
situationresponse
And they said to one another,
AFTER WAKING JONAH UP, they said
“Come, let us n cast lots,
"Let's cast lots
that we may know on whose account this evil has come upon us.”
IN ORDER TO know who is responsible for our horrible circumstance"
So they cast lots,
AS A RESULT, they did cast lots
and the lot fell on Jonah.
WHICH RESULTED in the lots pointing to Jonah
Then they said to him,
THEN they asked
“Tell us on whose account this evil has come upon us.
SAYING, "WHY are we suffering this way?
What is your occupation?
WHAT do you do?
And where do you come from?
WHERE is do you originate?
What is your country?
WHERE is your home?
And of what people are you?”
WHAT nation are you a part of?"
And he said to them,
HE ANSWERED
“I am a Hebrew,
SAYING, "I am a Hebrew
and I fear o the Lord ,
AND I fear God
the God of heaven,
MEANING the real God
p who made the sea and the dry land.”
AND MEANING the God who created the very thing that you are afraid of."
questionanswer
Then the men were exceedingly afraid
AS A RESULT of Jonah being a Hebrew/fearful of God, they became afraid
and said to him,
AND they said,
“What is this that you have done!”
"Are you crazy?!"
For the men knew that h he was fleeing from the presence of the Lord ,
BECAUSE they knew Jonah was running from the presence of God/the spirit of prophesy/the fellowship of God
because he had told them.
He told them he was running, and the consequences of doing so.
Then they said to him,
AS A RESULT OF HIS TELLING THEM, they responded,
“What shall we do to you,
QUESTION: "What do we do now?
that the sea may quiet down for us?”
SO THAT we might live?"
For the sea grew more and more tempestuous.
BECAUSE the storm was getting worse.
He said to them,
ANSWER: He answered
“Pick me up
"Pick me up
and hurl me into the sea;
THEN throw me into the sea
then the sea will quiet down for you,
AND AS A RESULT, the sea will be still
q for I know it is because of me that this great tempest has come upon you.”
BECAUSE I know my sins are the cause of this storm"
Nevertheless, the men rowed hard 1
DESPITE JONAH'S WARNING, the men rowed
to get back to dry land,
IN ORDER TO return to land
but they could not,
BUT they were unsuccessful
for the sea grew more and more tempestuous against them.
BECAUSE the storm was getting worse.
concessive
Therefore they called out to the Lord ,
THEREFORE, they cried desperately,
“O Lord , let us not perish for this man’s life,
SAYING, "Don't kill us because we're killing Jonah
and r lay not on us innocent blood,
AND don't punish us because we're innocent
s for you, O Lord , have done as it pleased you.”
BECAUSE we are doing what delights you"
So they picked up Jonah
THEN they picked up Jonah
and hurled him into the sea,
THEN threw him into the sea
t and the sea ceased from its raging.
AND AS A RESULT, the storm ceased
Then the men feared the Lord exceedingly,
AND AS A RESULT OF THE STORM CEASING, they men were fearful of God's power
u and they offered a sacrifice to the Lord
THEN they worshiped Him
v and made vows.
THEN they worshiped Him some more.
1 And the Lord appointed 2 a great fish to swallow up Jonah.
THEN the Lord caused a fish to swallow Jonah
w And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
AS A RESULT OF BEING SWALLOWED, Jonah was in the fish 3 days/nights.
As an Israelite, Jonah would have known that it was impossible to escape "God's eye", but it seems Jonah wanted to be left alone, to be able to decide what he can and cannot do on his own without the direction or sovereignty of God.
discourse
Comments
rsyc
Probably, this is where word study becomes most helpful. A survey of other places in the OT where "presence of the Lord" occurs shows different uses of the phrase. In some contexts, it means God's omnipresence, but in other places, especially in the accounts of Samuel, "presence of the Lord" seems to refer in particular to the place/purview/work of Samuel's ministry - e.g. 1 Sam 2:21. If this understanding is what is meant by "presence of the Lord" in Jonah, then it is saying that Jonah is trying to flee from the place and purview of ministry to which God has called him. God called him to preach against Nineveh in Nineveh - so that is where the "presence of the Lord" (place and prophetic purview/responsibility) is for Jonah. Suddenly, we understand that Jonah is not trying to flee God's omnipresence, which he would know is impossible. He was trying to escape what God had called him to do - call out against Nineveh - both the location and the responsibility being Jonah's specific "presence of the Lord." We also understand why he tried to escape to Tarshish.  It was the farthest known point in the opposite direction from Jonah's specific "presence of the Lord."
Stephen.Choy
Yes, the word study (which I did with biblearc and with commentary) also seems to suggest that some people in Israel believed that there was a specific presence of the Lord within Israel itself, and not just with specific prophets (alluding to your point on geographical location), which may, again, have been the motivation for Jonah's fleeing to Tarshish (far and not within the confines of Israel).  

I think the arc, despite my own initial interpretation, conveys this fairly well, and such inferences can be made from the text itself for the possible multiple interpretations of "presence of the Lord".  Nevertheless, I agree, that word studies, and even manuscript studies, in this context help to understand exactly what the writer was referring to. 
rsyc
For the men knew that he was fleeing from the presence of the Lord,BECAUSE they knew Jonah was running from God
Your arc of this passage of Jonah really helps to understand how the thoughts in this passage connect. Regarding "running from God" - surely Jonah, who preached to the pagans sailors in spite of himself, would have known that he could not run away from God (cf. Psalm 139:7-10, which the prophet must have known and believed). So if it is not running from God, which Jonah knew was impossible to do, what precisely was Jonah running from?
Stephen.Choy
corrected it. "Flee from the presence of the Lord" is probably referring to Jonah's attempt to escape God's obligations of him as a prophet/find a way to avoid being commanded by God, or to find a way to stop being a prophet for reasons unstated, but possibly because Assyria was too great of a nation, and he coveted their power for Israel, or because going to Nineveh as an Israelite, or in general, was too dangerous.
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.