Main point summary
God is a God of infinite mercy to all who call upon Him and seek to worship Him as He deserves. He forgives and listens to sinners (both those who intercede and those who respond) for the purpose of reconciling His people to Himself, and to display His glory among the nations.
Then the word of the Lord came to Jonah the second time,
The Lord commissioned Jonah again,
MORE SPECIFICALLY, He spoke to Jonah
SAYING, "Get up
go to l Nineveh,
THEN go to Nineveh
that great city,
IN OTHER WORDS, the great Assyrian city
and call out against it the message that I tell you.”
THEN tell them what I tell you"
So Jonah arose
AS A RESULT, Jonah got up
and went to Nineveh,
AND headed towards Nineveh
according to the word of the Lord .
BY following God's command
Now l Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, 1
Nineveh was huge
three days’ journey in breadth. 2
SO HUGE THAT it took three days to get through it.
Jonah began to go into the city,
SO Jonah started his trek to the city centre
going a day’s journey.
WHICH took a day
And he called out,
THEN he yelled,
“Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!”
"In 40 days, Nineveh will be turned upside-down!"
m And the people of Nineveh believed God.
ASTONISHINGLY, AND AS A RESULT of Jonah's message, Nineveh believed God
n They called for a fast
IN RESPONSE TO THEIR BELIEVING, they fasted
and o put on sackcloth,
AND they put on sackcloth
from the greatest of them
THEY AS IN the nobles
to the least of them.
AND the peasants
The word reached 1 the king of Nineveh,
THEN the king of Nineveh heard
and p he arose from his throne,
AND AS A RESULT, he got off his throne
removed his robe,
THEN removed his robe
covered himself with sackcloth,
THEN covered himself with sackcloth
q and sat in ashes.
THEN sat in ashes
And he issued a proclamation
AND he proclaimed
and published through Nineveh,
AND published his proclamation,
r “By the decree of the king and his nobles:
SAYING, "By royal decree
Let neither man nor s beast, herd nor flock, taste anything.
DO not let man nor beast, etc. taste anything
Let them not feed
AND don't eat
or drink water,
AND don't drink
but let man and s beast be covered with sackcloth,
INSTEAD, cover yourselves with sackcloth
and let them call out mightily to God.
t Let everyone turn from his evil way
AND turn from evil
and from u the violence that is in his hands.
AND from violenece
v Who knows?
ALTHOUGH we cannot know for certain
God may turn and relent
it is possible that God may relent
w and turn from his fierce anger,
AND forgive us
so that we may not perish.”
IN ORDER THAT we don't die
When God saw what they did,
AMAZINGLY, WHEN God witnessed the mass repentance
x how they turned from their evil way,
IN OTHER WORDS, that they actually repented
x God relented of the disaster that he had said he would do to them,
God forgave them
and he did not do it.
AND did not punish them.
Main point of God having mercy on all who call upon Him is not only in application for Nineveh, but also to Jonah who sought the Lord in the belly of the fish (which plays a similar role to that of Christ's prayer in Gethsemane and the following events that lead to the cross - i.e. Jonah's hike through Nineveh/enemy territory to redeem/judge the people of that land)