Main point summary
The law has been made known to all, including Gentiles, either by external providence or by internal conscience, and, as a result, God shall judge each person's sinfulness against the law, the example and standard for which has been set in Jesus Christ.
For all who have sinned
All people that sin
v without the law
BEING without the law
will also perish
WILL RESULT in death
without the law,
BEING without the law
and all who have sinned
ON THE OTHER HAND, all people that sin
under the law
KNOWING the law
will be judged
WILL RESULT in being judged
by the law.
IN ACCORDANCE WITH the law
For w it is not the hearers of the law
IN OTHER WORDS, IF you hear the law
who are righteous before God,
THEN this does not make you righteous
but the doers of the law
RATHER, IF you do the law
who will be justified.
THEN you will prove your righteousness/be proven as righteous
For when Gentiles, who do not have the law, x by nature do what the law requires,
FOR EXAMPLE, IF a non-Jew does what is required without prior direction because he/she feels it/knows a priori
they are a law to themselves,
THEN they bind themselves to their "moral conscience" or their own "law"
even though they do not have the law.
DESPITE not having the actual law!
They show that the work of the law is y written on their hearts,
THEREFORE they actually know when they do wrong 1) in their inner being
while their conscience also bears witness,
AND 2) in their consciences guiding their actions
and their conflicting thoughts accuse
WITH THE RESULT that this conflict in their hearts/consciences indicts them (without repentance)
or even excuse them
OR WITH THE RESULT that they unrighteously excuse themselves even when they feel they are in conflict
z on that day
AND THE TRUE STATE OF THEIR HEARTS, CONSCIENCES AND THOUGHTS WILL BE SHOWN one day
when, a according to my gospel, God judges b the secrets of men
WHAT I MEAN TO SAY IS THAT one day their accusing or excusing minds will be judged and brought to bear under the lens of the gospel by God
c by Christ Jesus.
AND HIS STANDARD SHALL BE SET BY Jesus Christ
The works of the Gentiles and their own judgments on themselves will not be the standard by which they are finally judged (they do not set their own requirements for righteousness as their hearts and consciences already bear these requirements for them)
Don't need to split this up, but thought the logical relationship could work since God's judgment day is the same as "on that day" (even though not separate propositions)