Author
Steven Long
Broken and healed; sinful and forgiven. His mercies are new every morning!
User since 2009
Steven's published pages
Grace and peace come to God's people because it was His will that His Son give Himself for us. Any other peace is non-lasting and cannot end
Galatians 1:1-5
Even in the prophets, we see the gospel clearly proclaimed. Take heart and know that even long ago God planned to save a people unto Himself
Hosea 2:16-20
Idolatry is an act of unfaithfulness to Yahweh. His purpose of His people is that they know Him in an intimate way, forsaking all others.
Hosea 2:16-20
Do not be discouraged when you sin. God's promise to be with His people is not hindered by your sin, as we learn from Jacob
Genesis 28:10-15
God's promise to keep you secure lies not in your ability to perform or not perform, but in His good word
Genesis 28:10-15
Jesus' incarnation was not simply to come as God in the flesh. It was to fulfill the atonement for His people and be crushed by God.
Isaiah 53:1-6
Worry & Anxiousness are the beginning signs of idolatry, even worry over our basic needs. Do you worry?
Matthew 6:25-34
Even our basic needs are no cause for anxiety. Jesus assures us that the Father will provide for His children from day to day
Matthew 6:25-34
What does believing and doubting have to do with prayer and receiving from God? EVERYTHING!
James 1:2-8
The believer's certainty is so sure that John stated it twice. God's love for His people is remarkable!
John 3:9-18
Humility is submitting to God, both in trials and in the Church
1 Peter 5:6-9
Paul's success in the gospel was due largely to the people's help. Do you stand behind those who minister to you?
Philippians 1:3-11
The resurrection gives a believer hope because he will be kept by a power greater than himself–God's own power.
1Peter 1:3-5
We receive everything of God "according to His great mercy." Everything hinges on this
1Peter 1:3-5
How do we fear God and love Him at the same time? The Psalmist has the answer
Psalms 147:10-11
Our salvation is the most precious thing we have. The prophets, apostles, and Holy Spirit all testify to it
1 Peter 1:10-12
The Incarnation of Christ is about more than just a manger. He is manifested for the joy of the world
1 John 1:1-5
Chaos is not always bad. God commands that we fully lean on Him. Israel's wanderings are a great example of good chaos.
Deuteronomy 8:1-5
A person who fancies their self religious but has no outward manifestation is one who is most deceived indeed.
James 1:26-27
Trials are only here for a little while; and then we are with Jesus. What a great comfort this should be to Christians!
1 Peter 1:1-9
God's holiness is fearful; His mercy is greater
Isaiah 6:1-7
Forget your checklist. Stop looking inside to find your justification and look to the cross for a clean conscience.
Galatians 3:1-7
God is the ultimate Blesser. We should focus less on our blessings and focus more on the Blesser Himself.
Ephesians 1:1-14
The goodness of God leads us to great philanthropic acts (good works) because He saved us from a life of sinful desires and attitudes.
Titus 3:1-8
Do you like stirring up trouble? Are you a person who likes to argue just for argument's sake? If so you may be in danger!
Titus 3:9-11
If you believe good works has nothing to do with Christianity, think again. Good works doesn't sanctify us but it proves our fruit.
Titus 3:12-15
Phrase.
Titus 3:1-8
Main point summary. Arc.
Ephesians 1:1-14
Arc.
Galatians 1:1-5
Arc.
1 Corinthians 2:6-9
It appears that the two main themes that flow out of this passage are: To His glorious praise.
Ephesians 1:3-9
  .
Ephesians 1:3-10
Inheritors of the Crown   Again, the glory of God and Christ are the central theme in this pass...
Ephesians 1:11-14
Context This section of Hebrews 11 deals specifically with the faith of Abraham.
Hebrews 11:8-19
  Note on 1c - One may ask why I consider 1c a concessive statement.
1 Peter 1:1-5
A Brief Synopsis 7a seems to be the ground for these four verses.
1 Peter 1:6-9
view all (37 total)
Christ Crucified, Man Justified
Galatians 3:1-9
Justification before God is clearly grounded in Christ's atoning work on the cross. When this is clearly portrayed, there is no confusion on
#Christ
#Justification
#Gospel
Published December 26th, 2020
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Phrase
Phrase (Greek-SBL)
Phrase
editing
NT
Galatians 3:1-9
mine
esv
The Foundation for Justification
The Cause of Justification by Faith
O foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you?
It seemed better to keep the vocative intact.
It was ... that Jesus Christ was publicly portrayed
This seems to be the Ground for the entire passage. It is Christ's atoning work that is the basis of justification before God.
before your eyes
This literally seems to be saying against your face, or in your face. In other words, there was no other way than faith in Christ for justification that was preached to you.
Locative
as being crucified.
Some have tried to use the Greek προεγράφη to suggest that Paul preached Christ in a theatrical way; that is, intended to portray Christ as an entertainer would portray his character as true and real. But the connotation is simply that the gospel (justification by faith) was unambiguously proclaimed.
Manner
The Galatians Foolish Stance on Justification
The Denial of Justification by Faith
Let me ask you only this:
This section begins the rhetorical questions: (1) did you receive the Spirit by works? (2) are you being perfected by your flesh? (3) does God give & work miracles by works? and (3b) just like He did with Abraham?
Did you receive the Spirit
by works
The preposition 'by' is from the Greek ἐκ, indicating the point of origin or source. In other words, Paul's question gets at the heart of the matter: is the origin of your forensic standing (justification) before God found in the Mosaic Law or faith in Jesus Christ?
Means
of the law
Source #1
or by hearing
with faith?
Source #2
Are you so foolish?
This is the exact same word Paul uses at the opening of the chapter. This word differs from μωρός which means stupid or just plain foolish. Thayer defines this word as, 1. not understood, unintelligible; 2. generally active, not understanding, unwise, foolish: Ro. 1:14 (opp. to σοφοί); Lk. 24:25; Gal. 3:1, 3; Tit. 3:3. ἐπιθυμίαι ἀνόητοι, 1 Tim. 6:9. (Prov. 17:28; Ps. 48 (49):13; and often in Attic writ.; [cf. Trench § lxxv.; Ellic. on Gal. 3:1; Schmidt Ch. 147 § 20].) The Galatians were foolish (unwise) in their understanding of how they were to be made right before God.
Having begun
by the Spirit,
Agency
are you now being perfected
by the flesh?
Did you suffer so many things in vain—
It seems as if this question is genuine instead of rhetorical. It is almost as if Paul is lamenting their sufferings, whatever they may have been, completely useless while they depended upon the Law for their righteousness.
if indeed it was in vain?
Conditional
Does he ... do so
The entire clause "Does He supply the Spirit" is actually a single word in the Greek and a participle. Technically, a participle cannot stand as the main verb. The English translation was a bit tricky and I decided on using the English supplied does He do so as the main verb while keeping the participle within the relative clause.
who supplies the Spirit
to you
Destination
and works miracles among you
This is the second use of the contrastive phrases ἐξ ἔργων νόμου...ἢ ἐξ ἀκοῆς πίστεως (works of the law...or hearing with faith). The two ἐκ phrases can indicate the point of origin and show the stark contrast of Paul's argument. The dichotomy is either the Galatians are justified through their keeping of the Mosaic Law or with simple faith in Christ. Paul leaves no room for other choices, hence this is a dichotomy in the truest sense.
by works
of the law,
Source #1
or by hearing
with faith—
Source #2
just as Abraham “believed God,
The Greek conjunction καθwς is a subordinate conjunction and is indented under its succeeding clause. However I chose to subordinate the entire clause to the main clause, as it seemed to be a continuation of Paul's thought process.
Comparison
and it was counted to him
It is not clear why the ESV puts a question mark after this. It appears that this is the only English translation other than the CSB that does include it.
Result
as righteousness”?
Advantage
Inferential Justifcation
The Result of Justification by Faith
Know then
vv. 7-8 begins Paul's inferential conclusion on justification. He bookends the end of the previous section by alluding to Abraham's justification and then solidifies it by citing the Scripture of his calling and the blessing of faith to follow.
that it is those
Reference
of faith
Possession
who are the sons
The idea of being a son is tied with kinship and inheritance rights. Later in the chapter, Paul uses the illustration that those who are sons of the slave (i.e., the Law) received no inheritance; that is, they had no ground upon which to stand for righteousness, while the sons of the freewoman received not only the inheritance but the promise of blessing (justification) as well.
of Abraham.
Relationship
And the Scripture ... preached the gospel
foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles
by faith,
beforehand to Abraham,
This English word is not in the original Greek. It has been supplied by the translators for clarification.
saying,
Explanation
“In you shall all the nations be blessed.”
Resultive Justification
The Blessing of Justification by Faith
So then, those ... are blessed
This is the result of the first nine verses. It is interesting to note that Paul begins with the declarative of Christ's atoning work as the basis for justification, supports his argument with three (possibly four) rhetorical questions, gives the inference by alluding to and citing Scripture, and closes out his argument, ending with the expected ὥστε (hōste), a typical way of expressing the result of an argument.
who are of faith
along with Abraham,
Accompaniment
the man
Apposition
of faith.
Ὦ ἀνόητοι Γαλάται, τίς ὑμᾶς ἐβάσκανεν, οἷς κατ’ ὀφθαλμοὺς Ἰησοῦς Χριστὸς προεγράφη ἐσταυρωμένος;
τοῦτο μόνον θέλω μαθεῖν ἀφ’ ὑμῶν, ἐξ ἔργων νόμου τὸ πνεῦμα ἐλάβετε ἢ ἐξ ἀκοῆς πίστεως;
οὕτως ἀνόητοί ἐστε; ἐναρξάμενοι πνεύματι νῦν σαρκὶ ἐπιτελεῖσθε;
τοσαῦτα ἐπάθετε εἰκῇ; εἴ γε καὶ εἰκῇ.
ὁ οὖν ἐπιχορηγῶν ὑμῖν τὸ πνεῦμα καὶ ἐνεργῶν δυνάμεις ἐν ὑμῖν ἐξ ἔργων νόμου ἢ ἐξ ἀκοῆς πίστεως;
καθὼς Ἀβραὰμ ἐπίστευσεν τῷ θεῷ, καὶ ἐλογίσθη αὐτῷ εἰς δικαιοσύνην.
Γινώσκετε ἄρα ὅτι οἱ ἐκ πίστεως, οὗτοι υἱοί εἰσιν Ἀβραάμ.
προϊδοῦσα δὲ ἡ γραφὴ ὅτι ἐκ πίστεως δικαιοῖ τὰ ἔθνη ὁ θεὸς προευηγγελίσατο τῷ Ἀβραὰμ ὅτι Ἐνευλογηθήσονται ἐν σοὶ πάντα τὰ ἔθνη.
ὥστε οἱ ἐκ πίστεως εὐλογοῦνται σὺν τῷ πιστῷ Ἀβραάμ.
phrasing
Phrase (Greek-SBL)
Galatians 3:1-9
sbl
Ὦ ἀνόητοι Γαλάται, τίς ὑμᾶς ἐβάσκανεν,
Ἰησοῦς Χριστὸς προεγράφη
οἷς κατ’ ὀφθαλμοὺς
... ἐσταυρωμένος;
τοῦτο μόνον θέλω μαθεῖν
ἀφ’ ὑμῶν,
τὸ πνεῦμα ἐλάβετε
ἐξ ἔργων
νόμου ...
ἢ ἐξ ἀκοῆς
πίστεως;
οὕτως ἀνόητοί ἐστε;
ἐναρξάμενοι
πνεύματι
νῦν ... ἐπιτελεῖσθε;
σαρκὶ
τοσαῦτα ἐπάθετε εἰκῇ;
εἴ γε καὶ εἰκῇ.
ὑμῖν
ὁ οὖν ἐπιχορηγῶν ... τὸ πνεῦμα
καὶ ἐνεργῶν δυνάμεις ἐν ὑμῖν
ἐξ ἔργων
νόμου ἢ
ἐξ ἀκοῆς
πίστεως;
καθὼς Ἀβραὰμ ἐπίστευσεν τῷ θεῷ,
καὶ ἐλογίσθη αὐτῷ
εἰς δικαιοσύνην.
Γινώσκετε ἄρα
ὅτι οἱ ἐκ πίστεως,
οὗτοι υἱοί εἰσιν
Ἀβραάμ.
προϊδοῦσα
ὅτι ἐκ πίστεως δικαιοῖ τὰ ἔθνη ὁ θεὸς
δὲ ἡ γραφὴ ... προευηγγελίσατο
τῷ Ἀβραὰμ
ὅτι
Ἐνευλογηθήσονται
ἐν σοὶ
πάντα τὰ ἔθνη.
ὥστε ... εὐλογοῦνται
οἱ ἐκ πίστεως
σὺν τῷ πιστῷ Ἀβραάμ.
Ὦ ἀνόητοι Γαλάται, τίς ὑμᾶς ἐβάσκανεν, οἷς κατ’ ὀφθαλμοὺς Ἰησοῦς Χριστὸς προεγράφη ἐσταυρωμένος;
τοῦτο μόνον θέλω μαθεῖν ἀφ’ ὑμῶν, ἐξ ἔργων νόμου τὸ πνεῦμα ἐλάβετε ἢ ἐξ ἀκοῆς πίστεως;
οὕτως ἀνόητοί ἐστε; ἐναρξάμενοι πνεύματι νῦν σαρκὶ ἐπιτελεῖσθε;
τοσαῦτα ἐπάθετε εἰκῇ; εἴ γε καὶ εἰκῇ.
ὁ οὖν ἐπιχορηγῶν ὑμῖν τὸ πνεῦμα καὶ ἐνεργῶν δυνάμεις ἐν ὑμῖν ἐξ ἔργων νόμου ἢ ἐξ ἀκοῆς πίστεως;
καθὼς Ἀβραὰμ ἐπίστευσεν τῷ θεῷ, καὶ ἐλογίσθη αὐτῷ εἰς δικαιοσύνην.
Γινώσκετε ἄρα ὅτι οἱ ἐκ πίστεως, οὗτοι υἱοί εἰσιν Ἀβραάμ.
προϊδοῦσα δὲ ἡ γραφὴ ὅτι ἐκ πίστεως δικαιοῖ τὰ ἔθνη ὁ θεὸς προευηγγελίσατο τῷ Ἀβραὰμ ὅτι Ἐνευλογηθήσονται ἐν σοὶ πάντα τὰ ἔθνη.
ὥστε οἱ ἐκ πίστεως εὐλογοῦνται σὺν τῷ πιστῷ Ἀβραάμ.
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.