Main point summary
Jesus prays for his own glorification.
The High Priestly Prayer 17 1 When Jesus had spoken these words, m he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, “Father, n the hour has come; o glorify your Son that the Son may p glorify you, 2 since q you have given him authority over all flesh, r to give eternal life to all s whom you have given him. 3 t And this is eternal life, u that they know you v the only w true God, and x Jesus Christ whom you have sent. 4 I y glorified you on earth, z having accomplished the work that you gave me to do. 5 And now, Father, a glorify me in your own presence with the glory b that I had with you c before the world existed.
What is the petition that Jesus makes to his Father? Glorify your son At least for now, it is certain that this glorification has to do with the "hour" that has come. Cf. 17:5, we see the explanation of this request - Christ wishes to return to the glory that he once had with the Father, before his incarnation But how can Christ return to the Father without taking the route of the cross? If he does avoid the cross, he fails to obey the Father, fails to glorify the Father and fails to be who he has said he is. Therefore, in every sense, Jesus' petition is a magnificent proclamation of his obedience and submission to the Father, even to the point of death on a cross. For Christ to be glorified, he needed to be "lifted up" (cf. Is 52:13-15, continuing through Is 53) Prayer and God's sovereignty Is Jesus' petition selfish? Why does he pray for his own glorification? No Note the purpose in 17:1 in order that the Son may glorify you. When Jesus seeks his glory, he seeks the Father's glory. Cf. John 13:31-32; Jesus glorifies the Father by perfectly revealing the Father to humanity in his obedience But the Father and Son are so close in operation, that if God is glorified in Jesus, God will glorify Jesus in himself, at once, i.e. at his death-exaltation. This one event glorifies God the Father and the Son and the glorification of one person of the Godhead glorifies the other in a magnificent cycle of an infinite glory. How does Christ glorify God on earth? Does it include his work on the cross? Cf. John 1:14, 2:11, 12:23, 2, 13:31-32 Yes, it does include his work on the cross. How can it not? For the Father to glorify Christ in his presence, the basis is Christ's obedience to the uttermost (17:5). Is Christ's glory after the cross different from before the incarnation? How? When the word became flesh, he remains in flesh with a glorified body, which we will have as well. Christ's present glory will be one that is in body. Cf. Colossians 1:15-19, 2:9-10 What connection does Christ's glorification have to do with our eternal life? Note the parallel between v1b and v2. Glorify your Son just as you have given him (in eternity past) authority over all flesh (based on his prospective work to be done on the cross onward) with these parallel purposes : so that the Son might glorify you just as he gives eternal life to all whom you have given him The Son glorifies the Father by giving eternal life to the elect More than that, eternal life is defined as knowing the only true God and Jesus Christ whom he has sent and this knowledge also has to do with the glory of the Father and the Son. Cf. Philippians 3:7-11 There is no way to the Father apart from the Son (cf. 14:7, 20:31; Mt. 11:27) God is glorified and seen as magnificent to those who see what he has achieved on the cross, through Christ. Cf. John 17:22; Rom 8:30; Hebrews 2:6-11, 17; 2 Corinthians 4:16-18; Colossians 3:3-4; 2 Peter 1:3-4; Habakkuk 2:14 If Christ was not glorified and if he did not return to the presence of God, we have no hope. See Hebrews 7:23-28 How do we live in the light of this glory that is to come, our eternal life?
When Jesus had spoken these words,
m he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said,
“Father, n the hour has come;
o glorify your Son
that the Son may p glorify you,
since even as q you have given him authority over all flesh,
r to give eternal life to all s whom you have given him.
t And this is eternal life,
u that they know you v the only w true God,
and x Jesus Christ whom you have sent.
I y glorified you on earth,
z having accomplished the work that you gave me to do.
And now, Father, a glorify me in your own presence
with the glory b that I had with you
c before the world existed.
This is called the HP prayer because Jesus is consecrating himself and the work that he will be doing to bring his people to God. This is the end of his High Priestly mission on earth.
The hour of his glorification, appointed by God. Jesus' last words are not despondent. He has overcome the world and now is praying as a victor, not a victim. This is not a fatalistic resignation, but resolution in prayer. Cf. John 2:4. The hour refers to all of Christ's work on the cross, from his suffering to his resurrection and glorification. See also: The hour not yet come: 7:6,8,30; 8:20 The hour is almost come: 12:23,27-28,31-32; 13:1,31
The purpose of Christ's glorification, is the accomplishment of God's will and the glorification of the Father.
Appa; used 6 times in John 17
The cross. What man regarded a curse and foolishness. 1 Corinthians 1:22-24 Excruciating=out of the cross. The cross enabled maximum torture and pain for the longest period of time. Hence Pilate is surprised that Jesus died so early. But Jesus laid down his life on his own accord.
This is the authority that is given post his humiliation: To give eternal life And to judge the world This is the outworking of his glorification.
A never ending age in the presence of God where there is fullness of joy and pleasures forevermore Cf. Colossians 3:3 a life hidden in Christ
This knowledge is the inception of intimacy that only grows with time.