Tim Minge
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The Sadducees foolishly challenge the Word of God about the Word of God!
Matthew 22:23-33
The King's first call to the wedding feast is pure grace; the second call is pure mercy.
Matthew 22:1-14
Right worship involves prayer and praise.
Matthew 21
Once again, we see that the Messianic priorities are not what people think they are.
Matthew 20:29-34
Do you really know God? What you know of God will determine how you worship him.
Psalms 100
What event inspired Isaac Watts' famous hymn Joy to the World?
Psalms 98
We know that we are supposed to worship God, but do we know the reasons why we should do this?
Psalms 96
What exactly does it mean that God is holy? And what effect does it have on our worship?
Failure to trust in God's sovereign care and provision is failure to worship.
Psalms 95
The grace that saves is the grace that sanctifies.
Titus 2:11-15
Paul’s apostleship and the purpose for writing this letter was for the sake of the elect in the areas of faith, knowledge, and godliness.
Titus 1:1-4
This life isn't all there is; and it's not even the best part. Trust in God who alone can ransom a soul from death.
Psalm 49
Is our identity founded in this world or in God’s city?
Psalm 87
Who may be God’s guest and enjoy his hospitality?
Psalms 15
Does our attitude in worship say that God needs us or that we need God?
Psalms 50
We can say that we trust God, but how do we show it? How does someone prove or reveal that they truly trust God in troublesome times?
Psalms 3
Praise God through fear (1-4), song (5-7), and submission (8-9).
Psalms 47
How can anyone who recognizes his own depravity and sinfulness before a holy God expect to be declared innocent?
Three Voices of Psalm 19
When the psalmist considers the wonder of God’s creation, he recognizes his privileged place in it and turns to God in humility and praise.
Psalms 8
Regardless of my present circumstances, my future hope in God can battle fear and despair today.
Fear and Faith
I can and must forgive because I have been forgiven.
Matthew 18:21-35
Who are the little ones and how are we treating them?
Matthew 18
Respond joyfully to trials and ask God for wisdom to endure them, for blessing comes when we endure by receiving and obeying his Word.
James 1:1-27
Being religious is more than thinking that you are.
Arcing—Assignment 9
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Praising the Holiness of God
Psalms 99
How can God be both truly just in judgment and full of mercy and forgiveness?
Published January 28th, 2020; Updated January 28th, 2020
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Main point summary
I recognize that my arc may not be completely accurate, but I wanted to provide something for others to compare to their own work. I welcome your comments and critiques.
Main point summary
3 times there is the command to praise/exalt and worship God and 3 times there is the same reason given: b/c he is holy. Exalt and worship the Lord b/c he is HOLY (1-3), JUST (4-5), and MERCIFUL (6-9).
Psalms 99:1-9
s The Lord reigns ;
a The Lord reigns,
יְהוָה מָלָךְ
TRUTH: YHWH, the LORD God reigns as King!
t let the peoples tremble !
let the peoples tremble;
יִרְגְּזוּ עַמִּים
THEREFORE, let all the people of earth tremble before him and fear their King!
He u sits enthroned upon the cherubim;
He 1 b is enthroned above the cherubim,
יֹשֵׁב כְּרוּבִים
TRUTH: The LORD sits on his throne over and above the cherubim of the Ark of presence.
v let the earth quake !
let the earth shake!
תָּנוּט הָאָרֶץ׃
THEREFORE, let the earth shake!
The Lord is w great in Zion;
The Lord 1 is a great in Zion,
יְהוָה בְּצִיּוֹן גָּדוֹל
TRUTH: The LORD is great in his holy city Zion;
he is x exalted over all the peoples.
And He is b exalted above all the peoples.
וְרָם הוּא עַל־כָּל־הָעַמִּים׃
there he is high and lifted up and exalted over all the people of earth.
Let them praise your y great and awesome name!
Let them praise Your a great and awesome name;
יוֹדוּ שִׁמְךָ גָּדוֹל וְנוֹרָא
THEREFORE, let all the peoples of earth praise your great and awe-inspiring name!
z Holy is he!
b Holy is 1 He.
קָדוֹשׁ הוּא׃
BECAUSE the LORD God is holy!
a The King in his might b loves justice. 1
The 1 strength of the King a loves 2 justice;
וְעֹז מֶלֶךְ מִשְׁפָּט אָהֵב אַתָּה כּוֹנַנְתָּ מֵישָׁרִים מִשְׁפָּט וּצְדָקָה בְּיַעֲקֹב׀ אַתָּה עָשִׂיתָ׃
The LORD God and King in all of his power and might loves just judgment.
You have established equity;
You have established 3 b equity;
You, LORD, have established equity and uprightness in your kingdom and made it stand firm.
you have executed justice and righteousness in Jacob.
You have c executed 2 justice and righteousness in Jacob.
THEN you have accomplished justice and righteousness in your land among your people.
c Exalt the Lord our God;
1 a Exalt the Lord our God
רוֹמְמוּ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ וְהִשְׁתַּחֲווּ לַהֲדֹם רַגְלָיו קָדוֹשׁ הוּא׃
THEREFORE, let us exalt our King, the LORD,
d worship at his e footstool!
And b worship at His footstool;
by worshipping at his feet--by falling before him in his presence.
z Holy is he!
c Holy is He.
BECAUSE the LORD God is holy!
f Moses and Aaron were among his g priests,
a Moses and Aaron were among His b priests,
מֹשֶׁה וְאַהֲרֹן׀ בְּכֹהֲנָיו וּשְׁמוּאֵל בְּקֹרְאֵי שְׁמוֹ קֹרִאים אֶל־יְהוָה וְהוּא יַעֲנֵם׃
Moses and Aaron were some of the men who acted on behalf of the people before God.
Samuel also was among those who h called upon his name.
And a Samuel was among those who c called on His name;
Likewise, Samuel was one of those who interceded for God's people through prayer.
They i called to the Lord ,
They d called upon the Lord
These men called out to the LORD,
and he answered them.
and He answered them.
and he answered their prayers.
In j the pillar of the cloud he spoke to them;
He a spoke to them in the pillar of cloud;
בְּעַמּוּד עָנָן יְדַבֵּר אֲלֵיהֶם שָׁמְרוּ עֵדֹתָיו וְחֹק נָתַן־לָמוֹ׃
YHWH spoke from within the cloud,
they k kept his testimonies and the statute that he gave them.
They b kept His testimonies And the statute that He gave them.
and they responded by keeping his Word (his testimonies and statute).
O Lord our God, you answered them;
O Lord our God, You a answered them;
יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ אַתָּה עֲנִיתָם אֵל נֹשֵׂא הָיִיתָ לָהֶם וְנֹקֵם עַל־עֲלִילוֹתָם׃
O YHWH our God, you answered their prayers.
you were l a forgiving God to them,
You were a b forgiving God to them,
Even when they didn't respond by keeping your Word, you forgave them,
but m an avenger of their wrongdoings.
And yet an c avenger of their evil deeds.
although you did exact vengeance when they sinned against you.
Exalt the Lord our God,
Exalt the Lord our God
רוֹמְמוּ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ וְהִשְׁתַּחֲווּ לְהַר קָדְשׁוֹ כִּי־קָדוֹשׁ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ׃
THEREFORE, let us exalt our King, the LORD,
and worship at his n holy mountain;
And worship at His holy hill,
by worshipping him in Zion --by falling before him in his presence
for the Lord our God is holy!
For holy is the Lord our God.
BECAUSE the LORD God is holy!
What doctrines are presented here? Holiness of God (3,5,9) God's justice and judgment (4,8) How does this point to Christ? Jesus is the greater High Priest and Judge and Intercessor for his people. God hears his prayers, he kept God's law perfectly, and he did no wrong yet was "pierced for our transgressions" and "crushed for our iniquities"
the holiness and worship of God and his reign (1-3) the holiness and worship of God and his justice (4-5) the holiness and worship of God and his mercy (6-9)
the "Priest" language along with the calling upon God's name (v6) lead us to think about their going to God on behalf of the people. Heb 5:1 >they led the people to obey God's law >they warned the people when they strayed >they prayed for the people and God forgave >God judged the people when they sinned
The King in his Holy Place (Ark) in his holy City, Zion, among all the peoples (1-3) The King and holy righteous judgment in Israel (among his people) (4-5) The King and his "intercessors" among his people (6-9)
Understanding v6-8 they called...God answered (6) >he spoke to them...they kept his testimonies (7) [they called]...God answered (8) >he forgave them...he avenged their wrongs [they didn't keep his testimonies] in other words, 6d is parallel to 8a and 7a-b is parallel to 8b-c
what does it mean to "call upon his name" v6? >"called to the Lord" = Psa 106:23; Exo 32:30; Deu 9:18; 1Sam 7:9; what does it mean that "he spoke to them in the pillar of the cloud" v7?
"one who governs not according to dynastic caprice but moral precepts" - Delitzsch
"the 99th psalm has 3 parts in which the Lord is celebrated as He who is to come, as he who is, and as he who was, and each part is closed with the ascription of praise: he is holy." -Johann Bengel in Delitzsch
Jesus is the Priest and Mediator between God and man. Heb 7:26-28 26 For it was indeed fitting that we should have such a high priest, holy, innocent, unstained, separated from sinners, and exalted above the heavens. 27 He has no need, like those high priests, to offer sacrifices daily, first for his own sins and then for those of the people, since he did this once for all when he offered up himself.
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.