εἰ δὲ ἡ ἀπαρχὴ ἁγία,
If the firstfruits are holy,
καὶ τὸ φύραμα•
then the lump is holy also,
καὶ εἰ ἡ ῥίζα ἁγία,
(to say the same thing in other words :) if the root is holy,
καὶ οἱ κλάδοι.
then the branches are holy also.
Εἰ δέ τινες τῶν κλάδων ἐξεκλάσθησαν,
(Before I talk more about the future implications of what it means that the lump and branches are holy (vv 23-32), let me make clear the response you Gentiles should not have and the response you should have.) Now if some of the branches were broken off,
σὺ δὲ ἀγριέλαιος ὢν
and although you (a Gentile) are a wild olive shoot,
ἐνεκεντρίσθης ἐν αὐτοῖς
( nevertheless ) you were grafted in among the others
καὶ συγκοινωνὸς τῆς ῥίζης τῆς πιότητος τῆς ἐλαίας ἐγένου,
and you became a sharer in the root of the fatness of the olive tree
μὴ κατακαυχῶ τῶν κλάδων•
( therefore ) do not boast over the branches.
εἰ δὲ κατακαυχᾶσαι
(Here's why you shouldn't boast over the branches) If you are boasting,
οὐ σὺ τὴν ῥίζαν βαστάζεις
( then you are forgetting that) you do not support the root,
ἀλλὰ ἡ ῥίζα σέ.
but the root is supporting you.
ἐρεῖς οὖν• ἐξεκλάσθησαν κλάδοι
Therefore you will say, “Branches were broken off
ἵνα ἐγὼ ἐγκεντρισθῶ.
in order that I might be grafted in.”
( although what you are saying ) is true.
τῇ ἀπιστίᾳ ἐξεκλάσθησαν,
( nevertheless) they were broken off because of their unbelief,
σὺ δὲ τῇ πίστει ἕστηκας.
but you stand fast through faith.
μὴ ὑψηλὰ φρόνει
( therefore since you stand only by faith and not by any distinctive you have) do not think lofty things (about yourself, cf. 18a),
εἰ γὰρ ὁ θεὸς τῶν κατὰ φύσιν κλάδων οὐκ ἐφείσατο,
For if God did not spare the natural branches,
οὐδὲ σοῦ φείσεται.
( then ) neither will he spare you.
ἴδε οὖν χρηστότητα καὶ ἀποτομίαν θεοῦ•
therefore behold the kindness and the severity of God:
ἐπὶ μὲν τοὺς πεσόντας ἀποτομία,
( on the one hand , behold God's) severity toward those who have fallen,
ἐπὶ δὲ σὲ χρηστότης θεοῦ,
( but, on the other hand , behold) God’s kindness to you,
ἐὰν ἐπιμένῃς τῇ χρηστότητι,
if you continue in his kindness.
ἐπεὶ καὶ σὺ ἐκκοπήσῃ.
Otherwise you too will be cut off.
olive tree as symbol of Israel Jer. 11:16; Hos. 14:5-6
John 4:22; Gal 3:7
φύραμα, “lump,” “dough” (cf. Rom. 9:21 ; 1 Cor. 5:6, 7 ; Gal. 5:9 )
branches are taken up again in vv. 17-24