1. The Son of God is the perfect representation of the Father (3a-b) - therefore, he is the final and most authoritative "speech" of God. We need no other revelation, nor any other Prophet. Further, he is "the radiance of the glory of God" (ESV), which is to say that the glory with which God radiates is Jesus . 2 . He sustains all things by the word of his power (3c) - that is, in the same way that God the Father created the world through Christ, so he also sustains it by him. We don't need to fear that the chaos of the world is too far out of his control. It is impossible that the God who created the world and continually sustains it, moment by moment, would ever be unable to govern any given circumstance, because he has promised to work all things for the good of those who love him, and to turn everything that the enemy means for evil back for our good, no matter how bleak the outlook may be now. 3. He has made purification for sins once and for all (3d) and now reigns as our Great High Priest forever at the right hand of the Father. In this he completed what thousands of years of sacrificed bulls and goats could never do. But this ultimate atonement was ultimately costly; it entailed the condescension of the Son of God to human flesh, and further, to mockery before the councils of men, and then torturous crucifixion. When he was before the council of the Jews on the day of his death, they asked him, "'If you are Christ, tell us.' But he said to them, 'If I tell you, you will not believe me, and if I ask you, you will not answer. But from now on the Son of Man shall be seated at the right hand of the power of God.' So they all said, 'Are you the Son of God, then?' And he said to them 'You say that I am.'" (Luke 22:67-71) And soon afterward God let them kill him, accomplishing this purification. But here we see that even before his death, Jesus knew that he would soon sit at God's right hand! His condescension was always going to end in exaltation. 4. He has sat down, resting himself and ushering in eternal rest for his people (3e). Because his work of redemption is complete, o ur King has now opened up a final Sabbath rest for his people, even now in the "Not Yet" of chaos, sin, and death. When Joshua led Israel into the promised land, they had rest from all their enemies (Joshua 21:44), but that was only a type of the rest that was to come through Christ. Later on the writer of Hebrews says, "[W]e who believed enter that rest" (4:3). In the same breath he urges that since this final rest has be opened up, we should strive to enter it (4:10-11). Let us be men who know the rest of Christ in our hearts, yet continue to strive after it while we await the New Creation and the restoration of all things. 5. He has been exalted above all things (4) . Jesus is better than the angels, and higher than the angels, though for a while he was a little lower than the angels (2:7; cf. Ps. 8). While there is some discussion about what "name" he was given, the most obvious answer from the context is the name "Son". Some say that the name is " κύριος ", in conjunction with Philippians 2, that "God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord." (cf. Ps 110:1, where the title "Lord" is given to the one who would sit at Yahweh's right hand) So may we rest confidently in this Son, Jesus, who upholds not only the whole world, but also us, and may we steadfastly await, in this still-painful world, the fullness of time, when all things in heaven and earth will be united in him.
ὃς ὢν ἀπαύγασμα τῆς δόξης
who , being the radiance of his glory
καὶ χαρακτὴρ τῆς ὑποστάσεως αὐτοῦ,
and the exact imprint of his nature,
φέρων τε τὰ πάντα τῷ ῥήματι τῆς δυνάμεως αὐτοῦ,
upholding all things by the word of his power,
καθαρισμὸν τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν ποιησάμενος
after making purification for sins,
ἐκάθισεν ἐν δεξιᾷ τῆς μεγαλωσύνης ἐν ὑψηλοῖς,
sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,
τοσούτῳ κρείττων γενόμενος τῶν ἀγγέλων
having become as much superior to the angels
ὅσῳ διαφορώτερον παρʼ αὐτοὺς κεκληρονόμηκεν ὄνομα.
as the name he inherited is more excellent than theirs.