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Pastor, Grace Church Gateshead (Gateshead, UK)
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Zion will be redeemed through justice [sermon study notes]
Isaiah 2:1-4:6
God states his case against his people and his city [sermon study notes]
Isaiah 1:1-31
God will be silent no more [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 50:1-23
The city of God is a delight [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 48:1-21
Sing praise to God the King, all peoples! [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 47:1-10
The LORD of hosts is with us [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 46:1-12
The King is getting married! [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 45:1-18
You have made us like sheep for slaughter [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 44:1-27
Vindicate me, O God! [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 42:1-12
Hope in God, for I shall again praise Him [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 42:1-12
The Lord will bring me safely into his heavenly kingdom [draft sermon outline]
2 Timothy 4:9-22
Paul has finished well [draft sermon notes]
2 Timothy 4:6-8
Preach the Word! [draft sermon notes]
2 Timothy 4:1-8
God supplies the power for the Christian life [draft sermon notes]
2 Timothy 3:10-17
Be prepared for very hard times [draft sermon notes]
2 Timothy 3:1-9
Jesus' people must leave quarrelling behind [draft sermon outline]
2 Timothy 2:14-26
Follow Jesus through suffering and into glory [draft sermon notes]
2 Timothy 2:8-13
Be strengthened by the grace that is in Jesus [draft sermon notes]
2 Timothy 2:1-7
Do not be ashamed [draft sermon notes]
2 Timothy 1:8-18
God gave us a Spirit of power, love and self-control; not a spirit of fear [draft sermon outline]
2 Timothy 1:1-7
God delights to seek and to save the lost [draft sermon notes]
Luke 15:1-32
Jesus tells us to expect various different responses to the Word of God [draft sermon outline]
Luke 15:1-32
Making church safe, part 3: Confronting, recovering, preventing [draft sermon notes]
Mark 10:42-45
How does correct use of authority become misuse of authority, and what should we do about it?
Mark 10:42-45
Making church safe, part 1: why we need to talk about this
Mark 10:42-45
The risen Lord Jesus reveals himself again [draft sermon notes]
John 21:1-25
'Peace be with you' [draft sermon outline]
John 20:19-31
Jesus is alive! [draft sermon notes]
John 20:1-18
Jesus is buried [initial sermon notes]
John 19:31-42
'It is finished' [draft sermon notes]
John 19:16-30
Behold your King! [draft sermon notes]
John 18:28-19:16
Jesus is the true Hero [draft sermon notes]
John 18:1-27
Jesus prays for everyone who will believe in him [draft sermon notes]
John 17:20-26
Jesus prays for his disciples [draft sermon outline]
John 17:1-19
Whoever abides in the gospel has both the Father and the Son [draft sermon outline]
2 John 1-13
The Word became flesh [draft sermon outline]
Matthew 1:18-2:12
The King has been born [draft sermon outline]
Matthew 1:18-2:12
Jesus by name, Jesus by nature [draft sermon outline]
Matthew 1:18-2:12
Jesus asks his Father to glorify him [draft sermon outline]
John 17:1-19
Your sorrow will turn into joy [draft sermon notes]
John 16:16-33
Jesus prepares his people for opposition and hatred [draft sermon outline]
John 15:18-16:15
I AM the true vine [draft sermon outline]
John 15:1-17
"Because I live, you also will live" [draft sermon notes]
John 14:15-31
Jesus' public ministry revealed the Father to the world, but was met with unbelief [draft sermon notes]
John 12:36-50
The hour has come [draft sermon outline]
John 12:20-36
Jesus is the King who has come to die [draft sermon notes]
John 12:1-19
Jesus gives his life for his friends [draft sermon notes]
John 11:28-57
I AM the resurrection and the life [draft sermon notes]
John 11:1-27
Jesus and the Father are one [draft sermon notes]
John 10:22-42
I AM the Good Shepherd [draft sermon outline]
John 10:1-21
Jesus heals a man who had been blind since birth [draft sermon notes]
John 9:1-41
If you abide in my word, you are truly my disciples [draft sermon outline]
John 8:31-59
I AM the light of the world [draft sermon notes]
John 8:12-30
If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink [draft sermon notes]
John 7:32-52
The World Hates Jesus [draft sermon notes]
John 7:1-31
You have the words of eternal life [draft sermon notes]
John 6:60-71
I AM the bread of life [draft sermon outline]
John 6:22-59
Jesus feeds the five thousand [draft sermon notes]
John 6:1-21
Jesus tells us to believe the evidence [draft sermon outline]
John 5:30-47
The Son does what the Father does [draft sermon outline]
John 5:1-29
Jesus heals an official's son [draft sermon notes]
John 4:43-54
Many Samaritans believe in Jesus [draft sermon outline]
John 4:1-42
He must increase, but I must decrease [draft sermon notes]
John 3:22-36
Come and have eternal life [draft sermon notes]
John 3:1-21
Jesus is the true temple [draft sermon outline]
John 2:13-25
Jesus shows his glory in his first sign [draft sermon outline]
John 2:1-12
We have found the Messiah! [draft sermon notes]
John 1:19-51
The Word became flesh [draft sermon outline]
John 1:1-18
An Introduction to John's Gospel - Grace Church Gateshead series intro
John 1:1-51
The LORD knows the way of the righteous [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 41:1-14
Your law is within my heart [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 40:1-18
Hurry to help me, O Lord my salvation! [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 38:1-23
Don't get angry because of evil, but wait on God [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 37:1-40
How precious is your steadfast love, O God! [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 36:1-13
How long, O LORD, will you look on? [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 35:1-28
Taste and see that the LORD is good! [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 34:1-23
Shout for joy in the LORD! [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 33:1-22
Steadfast love surrounds those who trust in the LORD [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 32:1-11
Into your hand I commit my spirit [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 31:1-25
You have turned my mourning into dancing [initial sermon outline draft]
Psalms 30:1-13
Give glory to the LORD and his mighty Word! [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 29:1-11
The LORD is my strength and my shield [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 28:1-9
The LORD is my light and my salvation [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 27:1-14
Jesus' Kingdom will Never End [draft sermon outline]
Luke 1:1-2:52
'Put on' the Lord Jesus Christ [draft sermon notes]
Romans 14:1-23
Use your freedom to live as servants of God [draft sermon notes]
Romans 14:1-23
Part 1: Live as people who have been welcomed by God [draft sermon notes]
Romans 14:1-23
Grow in the grace and knowledge of Jesus [draft sermon notes]
2 Peter 3:14-18
Jesus' return seems slow, because he is so patient [draft sermon outline]
2 Peter 3:8-13
Do not forget! The Lord always works through his Word [draft sermon notes]
2 Peter 3:1-7
Know the marks of false teachers, since being ensnared will utterly ruin you [draft sermon outline]
2 Peter 2:10-22
The Lord Jesus is in full control, even when false teachers harm the church [draft sermon outline]
2 Peter 2:1-10
The Old Testament has been confirmed in Jesus [draft sermon outline]
2 Peter 1:19-21
Don't ever forget: Jesus is coming back in power [draft sermon notes]
2 Peter 1:12-18
If you practice these qualities you will never fall [sermon outline]
2 Peter 1:5-11
God has given us all things for life and godliness [draft sermon outline]
2 Peter 1:3-4
Grow in the Grace and Knowledge in Jesus [sermon notes]
2 Peter 1:1-3:18
The ancient doors have been opened for Jesus, the King of glory [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 24:1-10
The LORD is my Shepherd [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 23:1-6
Praise the God who has revealed himself! [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 19:1-15
God's King praises God [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 18:1-51
God's promise continues beyond the lives of Jacob and Joseph [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 49:1-50:26
Jacob goes to Egypt [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 46:1-48:22
Joseph and his brothers are reconciled [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 42:1-45:28
God lifts Joseph up to the very top [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 40:1-41:57
The LORD was with Joseph [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 39:1-23
Judah is deceived [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 38:1-30
Joseph's brothers sell him as a slave [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 37:1-36
Esau becomes a mighty nation [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 36:1-43
One chapter is finished and another begins [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 35:1-29
Jacob's children don't act like God's children [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 34:1-31
Jacob and Esau are reconciled [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 33:1-20
Jacob becomes Israel [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 32:1-33
Jesus is alive [draft sermon notes]
Mark 14:1-16:20
Jacob and Laban make peace [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 31:1-55
God makes Jacob incredibly wealthy [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 30:25-43
Jacob has 12 children [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 29:31-30:24
Jacob gets married [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 29:1-30
God blesses Jacob [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 28:1-22
Jacob deceives his Father [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 27:1-46
Jacob manipulates Esau [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 25:19-34
Abraham dies but God's blessing continues on [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 25:1-18
God provides a wife for Isaac [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 24:1-67
Abraham owns a plot of land [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 23:1-20
God tests Abraham [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 22:1-24
Abraham makes a covenant of kindness [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 21:22-34
God shows his faithfulness to both of Abraham's sons [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 21:1-21
We have come to worship him [draft sermon outline]
Matthew 1:1-2:23
You shall call him Jesus, for He will save his people from their sins [draft sermon outline]
Matthew 1:1-2:23
The 'Christ' has arrived [draft sermon outline]
Matthew 1:1-2:23
God protects and blesses Abraham and Sarah again
Genesis 20:1-18
Lot is rescued on the terrible day of the LORD [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 19:1-38
Who am I? [draft sermon outline]
Galatians 2:1-21
Is anything too hard for the Lord? [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 18:1-33
God promises, and Abraham obeys [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 17:1-27
Abram and Sarai have a big wobble, but God's grace is greater still [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 16:1-16
God guarantees his promises to Abram [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 15:1-21
Abram and Lot part ways [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 13:2-18
God blesses and protects Abram and Sarai [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 12:10-13:1
God promises to bless all peoples through Abram [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 11:27-12:9
People spread out across the earth in their language groups [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 10:1-11:32
The earth was re-populated after the flood [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 10:1-11:32
Humanity falls again [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 5:1-9:29
God emphasises his commitment to the world he has made [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 5:1-9:29
The flood drains away and God makes a new creation [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 5:1-9:29
The flood came, just as God had said [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 5:1-9:29
God tells Noah to build an ark, since he is going to destroy everything on earth with a flood [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 5:1-9:29
As humans multiplied, so did wickedness [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 5:1-9:29
In the midst of the human story of death, God wrote a story of hope
Genesis 5:1-9:29
Sin and suffering multiply on earth [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 2:4-4:26
Adam and Eve are banished from Eden [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 2:4-4:26
Adam and Eve ate from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 2:4-4:26
Adam and Eve were naked and not ashamed [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 2:4-4:26
In the beginning, God created a very good world - part 2 [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 1:1-2:3
God made man out of the dust of the earth [draft sermon outline]
Genesis 2:4-4:26
In the beginning, God created a very good world [draft sermon notes]
Genesis 1:1-2:25
He has risen, as he said[draft sermon notes]
Matthew 26:1-28:20
The long wait has a joyful end [draft sermon notes]
Luke 2:22-35
What is a simple church? [draft sermon notes]
Acts 2:42-47
What is a disciple-making church? [draft sermon notes]
Matthew 28:18-20
What is a gospel-centred church? [draft sermon notes]
Colossians 3:1-4
We will see God and be satisfied! [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 17:1-51
In God's presence there is fullness of joy [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 16:1-15
Jesus has taken us into God's presence forever [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 15:1-11
The LORD's words are utterly pure and trustworthy [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 12:1-9
When it seems like evil is unstoppable, know that God sees from heaven and he will act [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 11:1-9
God sees the evil on planet earth, and he will deal with all of it [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 10:1-18
The LORD has established his throne for justice [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 9:1-39
God's name is overwhelmingly majestic [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 8:1-10
God is a righteous Judge [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 7:1-18
The LORD hears our weeping prayers [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 6
The LORD covers his people with favour [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 5:1-13
The LORD hears when we call to Him [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 4:1-9
The LORD of hosts is with us [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 46:1-12
By God's grace, be at peace [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 5:12-28
Be ready for Jesus' return! [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 5:1-11
Encourage each other with the certain hope of Jesus' return [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
Keep on loving one another [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 4:9-12
Living to please God means we must pursue holiness [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 4:1-8
Be prepared for affliction [draft sermon outline]
1 Thessalonians 3:1-13
Paul longed to see the Thessalonians again [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 2:17-20
Thank God for the faith and perseverance of his people [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 2:13-16
Confidence in God leads us to declare the gospel and share our lives [draft sermon outline]
1 Thessalonians 2:1-12
When God's people suffer joyfully, the gospel multiplies [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 1:6-10
Paul thanks God that the Thessalonian church are real Christians [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 1:1-5
Celebrate the life of faith, hope and love in the gospel of Jesus Christ [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 1:1-5:28
It is good to give thanks to the LORD [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 92:1-16
Since we are alive in Christ together, live the new life together [draft sermon outline]
Colossians 3:1-17
Daniel is assured that God will fulfil all his plans and put all things right [draft sermon outline]
Daniel 12:1-13
Daniel sees a final vision of proud kings, turmoil, and suffering in times to come [draft sermon outline]
Daniel 11:1-45
Daniel is exhausted and strengthened for one more vision [draft sermon outline]
Daniel 10:1-21
Daniel sees that God is bigger than the dark days that lie ahead [draft sermon outline]
Daniel 8:1-27
God has established his eternal Kingdom in Jesus [draft sermon notes]
Daniel 7:1-28
God raises Daniel alive out of the place of death [draft sermon notes]
Daniel 6:1-29
God suddenly ends Belshazzar's life and rule, because he did not honour God [draft sermon notes]
Daniel 5:1-31
God reveals deep and hidden things [draft sermon outline]
Daniel 2:1-49
God preserves his faithful people in exile [draft sermon outline]
Daniel 1:1-21
Jesus is the resurrection and the life [draft sermon outline]
John 11:1-57
Jesus' family must show honour [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 5:17-6:2
Train yourself for godliness [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 4:6-16
Jesus has revealed the secret of godliness  [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 3:14-4:5
Show the gospel by serving [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 3:8-13
Eldership is a good work [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 3:1-7
Godly living celebrates the goodness of God our creator [early draft sermon notes]
1 Timothy 2:8-15
God's gospel is for everyone [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 2:1-7
Those who truly love the law, love the gospel [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 1:8-20
Keep the gospel the centre! [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 1:1-7
How we live in God's household (draft sermon notes)
1 Timothy 1:1-2
God's king takes away God's punishment [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 24:1-25
God has established an everlasting Kingdom [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 23:1-39
To God Be The Glory, Great Things He Has Done [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 21:15-22:51
God's King removes the judgement on God's people [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 21:1-14
God's king is rejected - again [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 20:1-26
The Return of the King: David returns to Jerusalem [draft sermon notes - unfinished]
2 Samuel 19:8-43
The rebel dies a rebel's death [draft sermon notes - unfinished]
2 Samuel 17:27-19:8
Absalom takes Jerusalem [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 16:15-17:26
Absalom rebels against David [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 15:1-16:14
Humble yourselves under God's mighty hand [draft sermon notes]
1 Peter 5:1-14
David is manipulated [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 14:1-33
David's sons abandon steadfast love [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 13:1-39
The LORD punishes and pardons [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 12:1-31
David abandons steadfast love (Bathsheba) - initial draft sermon notes
2 Samuel 11:1-27
David defeats the Ammonites (the backdrop to Bathsheba) [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 10:1-19
David shows the steadfast love of God [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 9:1-13
The LORD gave victory to David wherever he went [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 8:1-18
God's King is victorious [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 5:1-26
God's Kingdom is established - but God is in no one's debt [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 4:1-12
God's king begins his rule [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 2:1-3:1
David learns that the King is dead, and laments [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 1:1-27
Let all the ends of the earth worship God in Jesus! [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 67:1-7
Persisting in Evangelism, part 2 - 'Samaria' [draft sermon notes]
Colossians 4:1-6
Persisting in Evangelism, part 1 - 'Judea' [draft sermon notes]
2 Corinthians 4:1-18
Reformation - sola gratia [draft sermon notes]
Ephesians 2:1-10
Sola Scriptura! [draft sermon notes]
2 Timothy 3:14-4:8
The gospel reaches the ends of the earth [draft sermon notes]
Acts 28:11-31
God is our refuge and strength [draft sermon notes]
Acts 27:2-28:10
Paul testifies to the resurrection again [draft sermon notes]
Acts 25:13-27:1
Paul keeps testifying [draft sermon notes]
Acts 24:1-25:12
The Lord Jesus protects Paul and guides his way onwards towards Rome [draft sermon notes]
Acts 21:27-23:35
Paul goes to Jerusalem, fully aware of what awaits him [draft sermon notes]
Acts 21:1-26
Care for the church of God, which he obtained with his own blood [draft sermon notes]
Acts 20:17-38
Idolatry causes a riot in Ephesus [draft sermon notes]
Acts 19:21-20:1
The Kingdom of God comes in Ephesus [draft sermon notes]
Acts 18:24-19:20
By the grace of Jesus, Paul plants the gospel in Corinth and completes his second missionary journey [draft sermon notes]
Acts 18:1-23
News of Jesus' resurrection challenges, divides, and saves [draft sermon notes]
Acts 17:16-34
The gospel of the Lord Jesus takes root in Europe (draft sermon notes)
Acts 16:6-40
It's Official: God is saving people from all nations into his church through Jesus Christ alone [draft sermon notes].
Acts 15:1-16:5
Paul and Barnabus plant true worshiping communities in the nations [draft sermon notes]
Acts 14:1-28
The Lord Jesus sends Paul and Barnabus to preach and plant his gospel in the nations (draft sermon notes)
Acts 12:25-13:52
The Word of God is unstoppable (draft sermon notes)
Acts 12:1-25
Christmas Day 2016: Now we have what many longed to see (draft sermon notes)
Luke 2:22-40
God has kept his promises! (sermon notes 1.0)
Luke 1:57-80
The Lord Jesus plants a church in Antioch (draft sermon notes)
Acts 11:19-30
Jesus calls the nations into His church (draft sermon notes)
Acts 10:1-11:18
Jesus Christ heals (draft sermon notes)
Acts 9:32-43
Jesus converts Saul, who experiences opposition, suspicion, and acceptance (draft sermon notes)
Acts 9:1-31
Jesus saves a man through Scripture reading and Christian witness (draft sermon notes)
Acts 8:26-40
Jesus told the truth when He said, 'You will be my witnesses in Samaria' (sermon notes draft)
Acts 8:3-25
Jesus receives His first martyr, and the gospel is scattered outwards (draft sermon notes)
Acts 6:8-8:2
The healthy church grows through internal problems (draft sermon notes)
Acts 6:1-7
Jesus empowers His church to endure opposition with joy [draft sermon notes 1.0]
Acts 5:12-42
You cannot serve God and money (draft sermon notes)
Acts 4:32-5:11
Jesus shows His power to save by healing a lame man (draft sermon notes)
Acts 3:1-26
The Spirit-filled church is devoted to Jesus, who blesses and grows His church
Acts 2:42-47
The Enthroned Jesus Delivers on God's Promise (sermon notes)
Acts 2:1-41
Jesus prepares His church for the coming of the Spirit (Sunday sermon notes)
Acts 1:12-26
Jesus' ascension guarantees the completion of God's plan
Acts 1:1-11
view all (268 total)
Daniel's faithful prayer receives a glorious answer
Daniel 9:1-27
Daniel's faithful prayer receives a glorious answer [draft sermon notes]
Audio from the author
Published June 13th, 2018
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Sermon outline
Daniel 9:1-27
Daniel’s Prayer for His People 9 1 b In the first year of c Darius the son of Ahasuerus, by descent a d Mede, who was made king over the realm of the e Chaldeans— 2 in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, perceived in the books the number of years that, according to f the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet, must pass before the end of the desolations of Jerusalem, namely, seventy years. 3 Then I turned my face to the Lord God, seeking him by g prayer and pleas for mercy with fasting and sackcloth and ashes. 4 I prayed to the Lord my God and h made confession, saying, i “O Lord, the i great and awesome God, who j keeps covenant and steadfast love with those who love him and keep his commandments, 5 k we have sinned and done wrong and acted wickedly l and rebelled, turning aside from your commandments and rules. 6 m We have not listened to n your servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to o our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land. 7 To you, p O Lord, belongs righteousness, but to us open shame, as at this day, to the men of Judah, to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to all Israel, q those who are near and q those who are far away, in r all the lands to which you have driven them, because of s the treachery that they have committed against you. 8 To us, O Lord , belongs open shame, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because k we have sinned against you. 9 t To the Lord our God belong mercy and forgiveness, for we have rebelled against him 10 m and have not obeyed the voice of the Lord our God by walking in his laws, which he set before us by n his servants the prophets. 11 u All Israel has transgressed your law and turned aside, v refusing to obey your voice. w And the curse and oath x that are written in the Law of y Moses the servant of God have been poured out upon us, because k we have sinned against him. 12 He has confirmed his words, which he spoke against us and against z our rulers who ruled us, 1 by a bringing upon us a great calamity. b For under the whole heaven there has not been done anything like what has been done against Jerusalem. 13 x As it is written in the Law of Moses, all this calamity has come upon us; yet we have not entreated the favor of the Lord our God, c turning from our iniquities and gaining insight by your truth. 14 d Therefore the Lord has kept ready the calamity and has brought it upon us, e for the Lord our God is righteous in all the works that he has done, and f we have not obeyed his voice. 15 And now, O Lord our God, who brought your people out of the land of Egypt g with a mighty hand, and h have made a name for yourself, as at this day, i we have sinned, we have done wickedly. 16 “O Lord, j according to all your righteous acts, let your anger and your wrath turn away from your city Jerusalem, k your holy hill, l because for our sins, and for m the iniquities of our fathers, n Jerusalem and your people have become o a byword among all who are around us. 17 Now therefore, O our God, listen to the prayer of your servant and to his pleas for mercy, and for your own sake, O Lord, 1 p make your face to shine upon q your sanctuary, which is desolate. 18 r O my God, incline your ear and hear. Open your eyes and see s our desolations, and t the city that is called by your name. For we do not present our pleas before you because of our righteousness, but because of your great mercy. 19 O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive. O Lord, pay attention and act. u Delay not, v for your own sake, O my God, because t your city and w your people are called by your name.” Gabriel Brings an Answer 20 x While I was speaking and praying, confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my plea before the Lord my God for y the holy hill of my God, 21 while I was speaking in prayer, the man z Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the first, a came to me in swift flight at b the time of the evening sacrifice. 22 c He made me understand, speaking with me and saying, “O Daniel, I have now come out to give you d insight and understanding. 23 e At the beginning of your pleas for mercy a word went out, f and I have come to tell it to you, for g you are greatly loved. Therefore consider the word h and understand the vision. The Seventy Weeks 24 i “Seventy weeks 1 are decreed about your people and j your holy city, to finish k the transgression, to put an end to sin, l and to atone for iniquity, m to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and n to anoint a most holy place. 2 25 o Know therefore and understand that p from the going out of the word to restore and q build Jerusalem to the coming of an r anointed one, a s prince, there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again 1 with squares and moat, t but in a troubled time. 26 And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall u be cut off and shall have nothing. And the people of the prince who is to come v shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. w Its 1 end shall come with a flood, x and to the end there shall be war. y Desolations are decreed. 27 And he shall make a strong covenant with many for one week, 1 and for half of the week he shall put an end to sacrifice and offering. z And on the wing of abominations shall come one who makes desolate, until a the decreed end is poured out on the desolator.”
Daniel 9:1-27
9 1 בִּשְׁנַ֣ת אַחַ֗ת לְדָרְיָ֛וֶשׁ בֶּן ־ אֲחַשְׁוֵר֖וֹשׁ מִזֶּ֣רַע מָדָ֑י אֲשֶׁ֣ר הָמְלַ֔ךְ עַ֖ל מַלְכ֥וּת כַּשְׂדִּֽים ׃ 2 בִּשְׁנַ֤ת אַחַת֙ לְמָלְכ֔וֹ אֲנִי֙ דָּֽנִיֵּ֔אל בִּינֹ֖תִי בַּסְּפָרִ֑ים מִסְפַּ֣ר הַשָּׁנִ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֨ר הָיָ֤ה דְבַר ־ יְהוָה֙ אֶל ־ יִרְמִיָ֣ה הַנָּבִ֔יא לְמַלֹּ֛אות לְחָרְב֥וֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַ֖ם שִׁבְעִ֥ים שָׁנָֽה ׃ 3 וָאֶתְּנָ֣ה אֶת ־ פָּנַ֗י אֶל ־ אֲדֹנָי֙ הָֽאֱלֹהִ֔ים לְבַקֵּ֥שׁ תְּפִלָּ֖ה וְתַחֲנוּנִ֑ים בְּצ֖וֹם וְשַׂ֥ק וָאֵֽפֶר ׃ 4 וָֽאֶתְפַּֽלְלָ֛ה לַיהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהַ֖י וָאֶתְוַדֶּ֑ה וָאֹֽמְרָ֗ה אָנָּ֤א אֲדֹנָי֙ הָאֵ֤ל הַגָּדוֹל֙ וְהַנּוֹרָ֔א שֹׁמֵ֤ר הַבְּרִית֙ וְֽהַחֶ֔סֶד לְאֹהֲבָ֖יו וּלְשֹׁמְרֵ֥י מִצְוֺתָֽיו ׃ 5 חָטָ֥אנוּ וְעָוִ֖ינוּ והרשענו 1 וּמָרָ֑דְנוּ וְס֥וֹר מִמִּצְוֺתֶ֖ךָ וּמִמִּשְׁפָּטֶֽיךָ ׃ 6 וְלֹ֤א שָׁמַ֙עְנוּ֙ אֶל ־ עֲבָדֶ֣יךָ הַנְּבִיאִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֤ר דִּבְּרוּ֙ בְּשִׁמְךָ֔ אֶל ־ מְלָכֵ֥ינוּ שָׂרֵ֖ינוּ וַאֲבֹתֵ֑ינוּ וְאֶ֖ל כָּל ־ עַ֥ם הָאָֽרֶץ ׃ 7 לְךָ֤ אֲדֹנָי֙ הַצְּדָקָ֔ה וְלָ֛נוּ בֹּ֥שֶׁת הַפָּנִ֖ים כַּיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה לְאִ֤ישׁ יְהוּדָה֙ וּלְיוֹשְׁבֵ֣י יְרֽוּשָׁלִַ֔ם וּֽלְכָל ־ יִשְׂרָאֵ֞ל הַקְּרֹבִ֣ים וְהָרְחֹקִ֗ים בְּכָל ־ הָֽאֲרָצוֹת֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הִדַּחְתָּ֣ם שָׁ֔ם בְּמַעֲלָ֖ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר מָֽעֲלוּ ־ בָֽךְ ׃ 8 יְהוָ֗ה לָ֚נוּ בֹּ֣שֶׁת הַפָּנִ֔ים לִמְלָכֵ֥ינוּ לְשָׂרֵ֖ינוּ וְלַאֲבֹתֵ֑ינוּ אֲשֶׁ֥ר חָטָ֖אנוּ לָֽךְ ׃ 9 לַֽאדֹנָ֣י אֱלֹהֵ֔ינוּ הָרַחֲמִ֖ים וְהַסְּלִח֑וֹת כִּ֥י מָרַ֖דְנוּ בּֽוֹ ׃ 10 וְלֹ֣א שָׁמַ֔עְנוּ בְּק֖וֹל יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֵ֑ינוּ לָלֶ֤כֶת בְּתֽוֹרֹתָיו֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר נָתַ֣ן לְפָנֵ֔ינוּ בְּיַ֖ד עֲבָדָ֥יו הַנְּבִיאִֽים ׃ 11 וְכָל ־ יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל עָֽבְרוּ֙ אֶת ־ תּ֣וֹרָתֶ֔ךָ וְס֕וֹר לְבִלְתִּ֖י שְׁמ֣וֹעַ בְּקֹלֶ֑ךָ וַתִּתַּ֨ךְ עָלֵ֜ינוּ הָאָלָ֣ה וְהַשְּׁבֻעָ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֤ר כְּתוּבָה֙ בְּתוֹרַת֙ מֹשֶׁ֣ה עֶֽבֶד ־ הָֽאֱלֹהִ֔ים כִּ֥י חָטָ֖אנוּ לֽוֹ ׃ 12 וַיָּ֜קֶם אֶת ־ דבריו 1 ׀ אֲשֶׁר ־ דִּבֶּ֣ר עָלֵ֗ינוּ וְעַ֤ל שֹֽׁפְטֵ֙ינוּ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר שְׁפָט֔וּנוּ לְהָבִ֥יא עָלֵ֖ינוּ רָעָ֣ה גְדֹלָ֑ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר לֹֽא ־ נֶעֶשְׂתָ֗ה תַּ֚חַת כָּל ־ הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר נֶעֶשְׂתָ֖ה בִּירוּשָׁלִָֽם ׃ 13 כַּאֲשֶׁ֤ר כָּתוּב֙ בְּתוֹרַ֣ת מֹשֶׁ֔ה אֵ֛ת כָּל ־ הָרָעָ֥ה הַזֹּ֖את בָּ֣אָה עָלֵ֑ינוּ וְלֹֽא ־ חִלִּ֜ינוּ אֶת ־ פְּנֵ֣י ׀ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֵ֗ינוּ לָשׁוּב֙ מֵֽעֲוֺנֵ֔נוּ וּלְהַשְׂכִּ֖יל בַּאֲמִתֶּֽךָ ׃ 14 וַיִּשְׁקֹ֤ד יְהוָה֙ עַל ־ הָ֣רָעָ֔ה וַיְבִיאֶ֖הָ עָלֵ֑ינוּ כִּֽי ־ צַדִּ֞יק יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֵ֗ינוּ עַל ־ כָּל ־ מַֽעֲשָׂיו֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֔ה וְלֹ֥א שָׁמַ֖עְנוּ בְּקֹלֽוֹ ׃ 15 וְעַתָּ֣ה ׀ אֲדֹנָ֣י אֱלֹהֵ֗ינוּ אֲשֶׁר֩ הוֹצֵ֨אתָ אֶֽת ־ עַמְּךָ֜ מֵאֶ֤רֶץ מִצְרַ֙יִם֙ בְּיָ֣ד חֲזָקָ֔ה וַתַּֽעַשׂ ־ לְךָ֥ שֵׁ֖ם כַּיּ֣וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה חָטָ֖אנוּ רָשָֽׁעְנוּ ׃ 16 אֲדֹנָ֗י כְּכָל ־ צִדְקֹתֶ֙ךָ֙ יָֽשָׁב ־ נָ֤א אַפְּךָ֙ וַחֲמָ֣תְךָ֔ מֵעִֽירְךָ֥ יְרוּשָׁלִַ֖ם הַר ־ קָדְשֶׁ֑ךָ כִּ֤י בַחֲטָאֵ֙ינוּ֙ וּבַעֲוֺנ֣וֹת אֲבֹתֵ֔ינוּ יְרוּשָׁלִַ֧ם וְעַמְּךָ֛ לְחֶרְפָּ֖ה לְכָל ־ סְבִיבֹתֵֽינוּ ׃ 17 וְעַתָּ֣ה ׀ שְׁמַ֣ע אֱלֹהֵ֗ינוּ אֶל ־ תְּפִלַּ֤ת עַבְדְּךָ֙ וְאֶל ־ תַּ֣חֲנוּנָ֔יו וְהָאֵ֣ר פָּנֶ֔יךָ עַל ־ מִקְדָּשְׁךָ֖ הַשָּׁמֵ֑ם לְמַ֖עַן אֲדֹנָֽי ׃ 18 הַטֵּ֨ה אֱלֹהַ֥י ׀ אָזְנְךָ֮ וּֽשֲׁמָע֒ פקחה 1 עֵינֶ֗יךָ וּרְאֵה֙ שֹֽׁמְמֹתֵ֔ינוּ וְהָעִ֕יר אֲשֶׁר ־ נִקְרָ֥א שִׁמְךָ֖ עָלֶ֑יהָ כִּ֣י ׀ לֹ֣א עַל ־ צִדְקֹתֵ֗ינוּ אֲנַ֨חְנוּ מַפִּילִ֤ים תַּחֲנוּנֵ֙ינוּ֙ לְפָנֶ֔יךָ כִּ֖י עַל ־ רַחֲמֶ֥יךָ הָרַבִּֽים ׃ 19 אֲדֹנָ֤י ׀ שְׁמָ֙עָה֙ אֲדֹנָ֣י ׀ סְלָ֔חָה אֲדֹנָ֛י הַֽקֲשִׁ֥יבָה וַעֲשֵׂ֖ה אַל ־ תְּאַחַ֑ר לְמַֽעֲנְךָ֣ אֱלֹהַ֔י כִּֽי ־ שִׁמְךָ֣ נִקְרָ֔א עַל ־ עִירְךָ֖ וְעַל ־ עַמֶּֽךָ ׃ 20 וְע֨וֹד אֲנִ֤י מְדַבֵּר֙ וּמִתְפַּלֵּ֔ל וּמִתְוַדֶּה֙ חַטָּאתִ֔י וְחַטַּ֖את עַמִּ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל וּמַפִּ֣יל תְּחִנָּתִ֗י לִפְנֵי֙ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהַ֔י עַ֖ל הַר ־ קֹ֥דֶשׁ אֱלֹהָֽי ׃ 21 וְע֛וֹד אֲנִ֥י מְדַבֵּ֖ר בַּתְּפִלָּ֑ה וְהָאִ֣ישׁ גַּבְרִיאֵ֡ל אֲשֶׁר֩ רָאִ֨יתִי בֶחָז֤וֹן בַּתְּחִלָּה֙ מֻעָ֣ף בִּיעָ֔ף נֹגֵ֣עַ אֵלַ֔י כְּעֵ֖ת מִנְחַת ־ עָֽרֶב ׃ 22 וַיָּ֖בֶן וַיְדַבֵּ֣ר עִמִּ֑י וַיֹּאמַ֕ר דָּנִיֵּ֕אל עַתָּ֥ה יָצָ֖אתִי לְהַשְׂכִּילְךָ֥ בִינָֽה ׃ 23 בִּתְחִלַּ֨ת תַּחֲנוּנֶ֜יךָ יָצָ֣א דָבָ֗ר וַאֲנִי֙ בָּ֣אתִי לְהַגִּ֔יד כִּ֥י חֲמוּד֖וֹת אָ֑תָּה וּבִין֙ בַּדָּבָ֔ר וְהָבֵ֖ן בַּמַּרְאֶֽה ׃ 24 שָׁבֻעִ֨ים שִׁבְעִ֜ים נֶחְתַּ֥ךְ עַֽל ־ עַמְּךָ֣ ׀ וְעַל ־ עִ֣יר קָדְשֶׁ֗ךָ לְכַלֵּ֨א הַפֶּ֜שַׁע ולחתם 1 חטאות 2 וּלְכַפֵּ֣ר עָוֺ֔ן וּלְהָבִ֖יא צֶ֣דֶק עֹֽלָמִ֑ים וְלַחְתֹּם֙ חָז֣וֹן וְנָבִ֔יא וְלִמְשֹׁ֖חַ קֹ֥דֶשׁ קָֽדָשִֽׁים ׃ 25 וְתֵדַ֨ע וְתַשְׂכֵּ֜ל מִן ־ מֹצָ֣א דָבָ֗ר לְהָשִׁיב֙ וְלִבְנ֤וֹת יְרֽוּשָׁלִַ֙ם֙ עַד ־ מָשִׁ֣יחַ נָגִ֔יד שָׁבֻעִ֖ים שִׁבְעָ֑ה וְשָׁבֻעִ֞ים שִׁשִּׁ֣ים וּשְׁנַ֗יִם תָּשׁוּב֙ וְנִבְנְתָה֙ רְח֣וֹב וְחָר֔וּץ וּבְצ֖וֹק הָעִתִּֽים ׃ 26 וְאַחֲרֵ֤י הַשָּׁבֻעִים֙ שִׁשִּׁ֣ים וּשְׁנַ֔יִם יִכָּרֵ֥ת מָשִׁ֖יחַ וְאֵ֣ין ל֑וֹ וְהָעִ֨יר וְהַקֹּ֜דֶשׁ יַ֠שְׁחִית עַ֣ם נָגִ֤יד הַבָּא֙ וְקִצּ֣וֹ בַשֶּׁ֔טֶף וְעַד֙ קֵ֣ץ מִלְחָמָ֔ה נֶחֱרֶ֖צֶת שֹׁמֵמֽוֹת ׃ 27 וְהִגְבִּ֥יר בְּרִ֛ית לָרַבִּ֖ים שָׁב֣וּעַ אֶחָ֑ד וַחֲצִ֨י הַשָּׁב֜וּעַ יַשְׁבִּ֣ית ׀ זֶ֣בַח וּמִנְחָ֗ה וְעַ֨ל כְּנַ֤ף שִׁקּוּצִים֙ מְשֹׁמֵ֔ם וְעַד ־ כָּלָה֙ וְנֶ֣חֱרָצָ֔ה תִּתַּ֖ךְ עַל ־ שֹׁמֵֽם ׃ פ
Sermon outline
Daniel's faithful prayer receives a glorious answer Introduction Both parts of this chapter raise the question: do we actually interpret the OT in light of the NT, or do we interpret the NT in light of the OT? T he apostles and Jesus themselves, and the faithful church ever since, do the latter. E.g., you worship on a Sunday. Or are we inconsistent? Significance of allusions and language [An iron curtain/shaken not stirred/cloak and dagger/a mole] 9.1-19 Daniel confesses the sins of his people and prays for mercy Background: Jeremiah 25.11-14 , seventy years. In the same year Cyrus issued his decree, Gabriel appeared to Daniel. Indicating that 70 years are over. Covenant language, covenant background. By the way, we're back in Hebrew again - from chapter 8 (another reason to see 7 as cosmic/global, and then 8 as a worked example). YHWH's name again and again all of a sudden, the holy hill, and much more. v18-19 the appeal to the name, is the appeal to the covenant; to the architecture! [cf marriage illustration of covenant architecture] Authorised history of the OT in summary. v6. The rescue, the giving of the law/covenant. Then the lawyers of God making the case again and again. Amidst the writings of what the covenant life looks like. v6 the supremacy of the Word of God. This is in part why Jesus goes to John the baptist; God's King is endorsed by the final prophet. Jesus the final 'lawyer', as well as final priest and king. v11 join dots back to Deuteronomy 27-28 , and similar Leviticus chapters. Your city - ie the seat of your rule. Your place. Your hill - ie your kingdom. The throneroom of the kingdom. Who will ascend the holy hill? In summary, Daniel's prayer represents the whole OT in miniature; you are faithful, but your people are faithless. What can be done? How can God keep his good promises? How does this apply to us? Continuity and discontinuity [cf phone/mobile; foetus/neonate; mail/email]. All Christians have to land somewhere on this [eg worship on Sundays]. Question is, how accurately are we following the NT's handling of the OT? Root of the issue is this: when OT refers to 'Israel', does that equate to a) the church today, or b) political Israel today? Or, is Jesus the great hub of continuity and discontinuity? Daniel a type of Christ in this priestly prayer. cf Moses interceding, or Abraham interceding. But Jesus is the Righteous High Priest who prays this prayer on behalf of his people, and then offers his own blood! v7 to you belongs righteousness and to us open shame. But our Lord of mercy, at the cross, says, 'I will take the shame, and you will take the righteousness'. He is the true Israel who has exhausted all the curses and secured the blessings. So we are righteous because we are in him. We are covenant-keepers since we are in Christ. So those trusting in Jesus have no fear of curses. But there is certainly the loving refining through discipline and suffering. But, the true church exists within the wider visible church. People professing to follow Christ without actually being united to Christ by living faith. To them there isn't some sliding scale of more or fewer blessings/curses, but the Word of Jesus on the last day, 'I never knew you'. This is how to understand Revelation 2-3, for instance. Certainly, the church exists within a wider culture which is under God's judgement - but we already know that theologically (eg Romans 1). Given over to a hardening. How does corporate confession work today? So we can and we must plead for mercy. But this pleading is not on the basis of a covenant with England or Europe that God made. It's simply on the basis of his mercy. 9.20-27 Daniel's prayer is answered and he is given a glorious summary of how God will fulfil all his plans Dispensational system, this is a pillar. From this, develop the 7-year theory of tribulation, which starts when antichrist signs a peace treaty with Israel about the time of the secret rapture. Apparently a 'great parenthesis' - the church age - results from the supposed gap between 69th and 70th week. Take away this passage, and their interpretations of Revelation and the Olivet discourse fall apart. Ironic that they insert a gap here, when generally they insist on super-literal readings! From Gabriel again v24 the executive summary. Seventy sevens; not literal! Theological. Jubilee. Covenantal language - miss this, miss the significance. They key to this covenantal language with lots of 7s in it is Leviticus 25.1-4. The meaning of all these 'weeks' - literally 'sevens' is primarily theological, not 'calendrical' In Daniel 9 , the first seven (v25) comprises seven sabbatical years (49 in total), which constitute the jubilee - Leviticus 25.8 . This preceded the 50th year, in which liberty was to be proclaimed to all the land's inhabitants. Leviticus 25 and 26 underlie this. Covenantal language, sabbath language. Also, 9.24-27 follows the covenant administration pattern of Leviticus 26 . His prayer corresponds to the confession of 26.40, and the prophecy corresponds to the covenant restitution and renewal of 26.24ff. Also NB Leviticus 26.43 ; the time coming when the land will enjoy its sabbaths while it lies desolate without them. And 26.32-35. And 2 Chronicles 36.21 - written later and looking back - says this happened, and the land had its rest, to fulfill the 70 years. And the next verse talks of Cyrus. Cf Isaiah, mentions Cyrus ( Isaiah 44.28 ) when the time of redemption had begun. In the same year Cyrus issued his decree, Gabriel appeared to Daniel. Indicating that 70 years are over. But now 70 'weeks' begin. At the conclusion of the 70 weeks, beginning with Cyrus' decree, would come the anointed one. 'His mission would be to establish the new and everlasting covenant announced as the goal of the seventy weeks in the opening verse of the prophecy. In the course of his mission, he must undergo the violence of death, suffering on behalf of the "many"'. cf Isaiah 61.1 . cf Isaiah 61.2 ; to proclaim the year of the LORD's favour. The messiah would deliver captives and proclaim that the ultimate jubilee to which the 490 years had pointed had at long last arrived. So, behind the Anointed One of 9.24-27 is the suffering servant, who must be cut off from the land of the living. Cyrus has issued his decree, so now Gabriel tells Daniel that the new set of sabbatical years was about to begin. This time the goal was the realization of all the covenant blessings of the ultimate jubilee. So the total period of seventy sevens in 9.24-27 constitutes 10 jubilee eras, with the emphases falling on the ultimate jubilee to come after 490 years had passed; in other words, the messianic age. Which fits with the astonishingly wonderful summary: Finish trangression; end to sin; atone for iniquity; bring everlasting righteousness; seal vision/prophet; anoint a most holy one. This represents the fulfilment of all the covenants! In the new covenant, this is what we get! So here is a view of the old giving birth to the new. v24 gives the summary of things to be achieved during the Seventy sevens. 'These things must be completed during the 490 years so that the blessings will apply to God's people long after the prophecy is fulfilled. These are blessings enjoyed by God's people during the ultimate jubilee to follow.' Jesus as prophet, priest and king. v24 'to bring in everlasting righteousness' - through his obedience as final priest. 'To seal up vision and prophecy' - as final prophet (cf Acts 3.22 , Deuteronomy 18.15-16 ). And 'to anoint the most holy' - ie anointing of the messiah; the King. v25 - list of messianic and redemptive accomplishments. v26 - cut off - karat. Cutting rituals associated with covenants. v26 'and shall have nothing' not accurate. Instead, 'but not for himself'. He dies vicariously. v27 'confirm' a covenant (trans as 'make') is gbr; 'make strong'. It's not that he made a 'strong covenant', but that he 'made strong' a covenant. He made it prevail. Not a de novo covenant. But a covenant being confirmed, enforced, secured. 'In other words, the covenant being confirmed in the middle of the 70th week by the Anointed One was a covenant that already existed. This is a reference to the covenant of grace that God had previously made with Abraham and now was confirmed by Messiah on behalf of many (those redeemed by the suffering servant in Isa 53.12). This would entail all the blessings promised in v24, blessings ultimately secured by the shed blood and perfect righteousness of Jesus Christ.' More literal translation of v27 is: 1-69 the time from Cyrus (and Daniel's prayer here) and the return/rebuilding, up to the coming of Jesus. 69th seven: first half is Jesus' ministry. v27 elaborates v26. Makes strong the covenant with many, puts an end to sacrifice and offering. Remainder of v27 foresees the destruction of Jerusalem under Titus, AD70. So, the covenant in v27 should not at all surprise us. The subject, 'he' is not the prince/ruler who destroys (in v26), but the anointed one who is cut off! For this to be the case (ie, if this is talking about antichrist), there is a gap of 2,000 years between the 69th and 70th weeks. Hardly literal! So the anointed one makes a covenant with many in v27. v26 and 27 are synonymous; v27 repeats and elaborates v26. So events which occured 'after' the 69th week (v26) occur 'in' the 70th week (v27). v27. Christ's death put an end to sacrifices. From that moment, temple became desolate, and acceptable sacrifices ceased. The 'prince' who is to come was Titus, the Roman General, whose armies destroyed Jerusalem in AD70. He is the one who 'makes desolate' in v27b. So this is the promise of how the cup of God's covenant curses and wrath will be measured out - on the anointed one, and on the city. And how, once this is satisfied, everlasting righteousness; the jubilee of jubilees will be ushered in. So the final three and a half (note this, again), represents the church 'militant'; in the midst of Babylon: if Jesus was cut off in the middle of the 70th week, what about the last part (three and a half years) of the final sabbatical period before the jubilee? cf Revelation 12.14 ; a time, times, and half a time. 'The last week is the age of the church in the wilderness of the nations for a time, a times, and half a time ( Rev 12.14 ). Since the seventy weeks are ten jubilee eras that issue in the last jubilee, the seventieth week closes with angelic trumpeting of the earth's redemption and the glorious liberty of the children of God.' How to respond? Above all, with praise and worship for Jesus! Not preoccupation with the numbers. cf 1 Peter 1.10-12 Thankfulness for our extraordinary privilege There really is no more condemnation for those who are in Jesus. FCF: We are covenant breakers! Person of Jesus: the perfect covenant keeper! Work of Jesus: inaugurates a new covenant by fully satisfying the old. Union with Jesus: in him I am a covenant keeper. Conclusion He took the shame and desolation, in order to give us the righteousness. He was crucified on the hill of death, in order to secure our place on the holy hill. v7 to you belongs righteousness and to us open shame. But our Lord of mercy, at the cross, says, 'I will take the shame, and you will take the righteousness'. v17 for your own sake make your face shine upon your sanctuary, which is desolate. This was answered in the resurrection; the desolate body of Jesus was raised in life.
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.