The Sacrifice of Isaac 22 1 After these things k God tested Abraham and said to him, “Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” 2 He said, “Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to l the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you.” 3 So Abraham rose early in the morning, saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him, and his son Isaac. And he cut the wood for the burnt offering and arose and went to the place of which God had told him. 4 On the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place from afar. 5 Then Abraham said to his young men, “Stay here with the donkey; I and the boy 1 will go over there and worship and come again to you.” 6 And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering and m laid it on Isaac his son. And he took in his hand the fire and the knife. So they went both of them together. 7 And Isaac said to his father Abraham, “My father!” And he said, “Here I am, my son.” He said, “Behold, the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?” 8 Abraham said, n “God will provide for himself the lamb for a burnt offering, my son.” So they went both of them together. 9 When they came to the place of which God had told him, Abraham built the altar there and laid the wood in order and bound Isaac his son and o laid him on the altar, on top of the wood. 10 Then Abraham reached out his hand and took the knife to slaughter his son. 11 But the angel of the Lord called to him from heaven and said, “Abraham, Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” 12 He said, p “Do not lay your hand on the boy or do anything to him, for q now I know that you fear God, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son, from me.” 13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, behind him was a ram, caught in a thicket by his horns. And Abraham went and took the ram and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his son. 14 So Abraham called the name of that place, r “The Lord will provide”; 1 as it is said to this day, “On the mount of the Lord it shall be provided.” 2 15 And the angel of the Lord called to Abraham a second time from heaven 16 and said, s “By myself I have sworn, declares the Lord , because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, 17 I will surely bless you, and I will surely multiply your offspring t as the stars of heaven and u as the sand that is on the seashore. And your offspring shall possess v the gate of his 1 enemies, 18 and w in your offspring shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, x because you have obeyed my voice.” 19 So Abraham returned to his young men, and they arose and went together to y Beersheba. And Abraham lived at y Beersheba. 20 Now after these things it was told to Abraham, “Behold, z Milcah also has borne children to your brother Nahor: 21 a Uz his firstborn, b Buz his brother, Kemuel the father of Aram, 22 Chesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph, and Bethuel.” 23 ( c Bethuel fathered Rebekah.) These eight Milcah bore to Nahor, Abraham’s brother. 24 Moreover, his concubine, whose name was Reumah, bore Tebah, Gaham, Tahash, and Maacah.
22 1 וַיְהִ֗י אַחַר֙ הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֔לֶּה וְהָ֣אֱלֹהִ֔ים נִסָּ֖ה אֶת ־ אַבְרָהָ֑ם וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֔יו אַבְרָהָ֖ם וַיֹּ֥אמֶר הִנֵּֽנִי ׃ 2 וַיֹּ֡אמֶר קַח ־ נָ֠א אֶת ־ בִּנְךָ֨ 1 אֶת ־ יְחִֽידְךָ֤ אֲשֶׁר ־ אָהַ֙בְתָּ֙ אֶת ־ יִצְחָ֔ק וְלֶךְ ־ לְךָ֔ אֶל ־ אֶ֖רֶץ הַמֹּרִיָּ֑ה וְהַעֲלֵ֤הוּ שָׁם֙ לְעֹלָ֔ה עַ֚ל אַחַ֣ד הֶֽהָרִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֖ר אֹמַ֥ר אֵלֶֽיךָ ׃ 3 וַיַּשְׁכֵּ֨ם אַבְרָהָ֜ם בַּבֹּ֗קֶר וַֽיַּחֲבֹשׁ֙ אֶת ־ חֲמֹר֔וֹ וַיִּקַּ֞ח אֶת ־ שְׁנֵ֤י נְעָרָיו֙ אִתּ֔וֹ וְאֵ֖ת יִצְחָ֣ק בְּנ֑וֹ וַיְבַקַּע֙ עֲצֵ֣י עֹלָ֔ה וַיָּ֣קָם וַיֵּ֔לֶךְ אֶל ־ הַמָּק֖וֹם אֲשֶׁר ־ אָֽמַר ־ ל֥וֹ הָאֱלֹהִֽים ׃ 4 בַּיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁ֗י וַיִּשָּׂ֨א אַבְרָהָ֧ם אֶת ־ עֵינָ֛יו וַיַּ֥רְא אֶת ־ הַמָּק֖וֹם מֵרָחֹֽק ׃ 5 וַיֹּ֨אמֶר אַבְרָהָ֜ם אֶל ־ נְעָרָ֗יו שְׁבוּ ־ לָכֶ֥ם פֹּה֙ עִֽם ־ הַחֲמ֔וֹר וַאֲנִ֣י וְהַנַּ֔עַר נֵלְכָ֖ה עַד ־ כֹּ֑ה וְנִֽשְׁתַּחֲוֶ֖ה וְנָשׁ֥וּבָה אֲלֵיכֶֽם ׃ 6 וַיִּקַּ֨ח אַבְרָהָ֜ם אֶת ־ עֲצֵ֣י הָעֹלָ֗ה וַיָּ֙שֶׂם֙ עַל ־ יִצְחָ֣ק בְּנ֔וֹ וַיִּקַּ֣ח בְּיָד֔וֹ אֶת ־ הָאֵ֖שׁ וְאֶת ־ הַֽמַּאֲכֶ֑לֶת וַיֵּלְכ֥וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֖ם יַחְדָּֽו ׃ 7 וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יִצְחָ֜ק אֶל ־ אַבְרָהָ֤ם אָבִיו֙ וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אָבִ֔י וַיֹּ֖אמֶר הִנֶּ֣נִּֽי בְנִ֑י וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הִנֵּ֤ה הָאֵשׁ֙ וְהָ֣עֵצִ֔ים וְאַיֵּ֥ה הַשֶּׂ֖ה לְעֹלָֽה ׃ 8 וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אַבְרָהָ֔ם אֱלֹהִ֞ים יִרְאֶה ־ לּ֥וֹ הַשֶּׂ֛ה לְעֹלָ֖ה בְּנִ֑י וַיֵּלְכ֥וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֖ם יַחְדָּֽו ׃ 9 וַיָּבֹ֗אוּ אֶֽל ־ הַמָּקוֹם֮ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אָֽמַר ־ ל֣וֹ הָאֱלֹהִים֒ וַיִּ֨בֶן שָׁ֤ם אַבְרָהָם֙ אֶת ־ הַמִּזְבֵּ֔חַ וַֽיַּעֲרֹ֖ךְ אֶת ־ הָעֵצִ֑ים וַֽיַּעֲקֹד֙ אֶת ־ יִצְחָ֣ק בְּנ֔וֹ וַיָּ֤שֶׂם אֹתוֹ֙ עַל ־ הַמִּזְבֵּ֔חַ מִמַּ֖עַל לָעֵצִֽים ׃ 10 וַיִּשְׁלַ֤ח אַבְרָהָם֙ אֶת ־ יָד֔וֹ וַיִּקַּ֖ח אֶת ־ הַֽמַּאֲכֶ֑לֶת לִשְׁחֹ֖ט אֶת ־ בְּנֽוֹ ׃ 11 וַיִּקְרָ֨א אֵלָ֜יו מַלְאַ֤ךְ יְהוָה֙ מִן ־ הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וַיֹּ֖אמֶר אַבְרָהָ֣ם ׀ אַבְרָהָ֑ם וַיֹּ֖אמֶר הִנֵּֽנִי ׃ 12 וַיֹּ֗אמֶר אַל ־ תִּשְׁלַ֤ח יָֽדְךָ֙ אֶל ־ הַנַּ֔עַר וְאַל ־ תַּ֥עַשׂ ל֖וֹ מְא֑וּמָּה 1 כִּ֣י ׀ עַתָּ֣ה יָדַ֗עְתִּי כִּֽי ־ יְרֵ֤א אֱלֹהִים֙ אַ֔תָּה וְלֹ֥א חָשַׂ֛כְתָּ אֶת ־ בִּנְךָ֥ אֶת ־ יְחִידְךָ֖ מִמֶּֽנִּי ׃ 13 וַיִּשָּׂ֨א אַבְרָהָ֜ם אֶת ־ עֵינָ֗יו וַיַּרְא֙ וְהִנֵּה ־ אַ֔יִל אַחַ֕ר נֶאֱחַ֥ז בַּסְּבַ֖ךְ בְּקַרְנָ֑יו וַיֵּ֤לֶךְ אַבְרָהָם֙ וַיִּקַּ֣ח אֶת ־ הָאַ֔יִל וַיַּעֲלֵ֥הוּ לְעֹלָ֖ה תַּ֥חַת בְּנֽוֹ ׃ 14 וַיִּקְרָ֧א אַבְרָהָ֛ם שֵֽׁם ־ הַמָּק֥וֹם הַה֖וּא יְהוָ֣ה ׀ יִרְאֶ֑ה אֲשֶׁר֙ יֵאָמֵ֣ר הַיּ֔וֹם בְּהַ֥ר יְהוָ֖ה יֵרָאֶֽה ׃ 15 וַיִּקְרָ֛א מַלְאַ֥ךְ יְהוָ֖ה אֶל ־ אַבְרָהָ֑ם שֵׁנִ֖ית מִן ־ הַשָּׁמָֽיִם ׃ 16 וַיֹּ֕אמֶר בִּ֥י נִשְׁבַּ֖עְתִּי נְאֻם ־ יְהוָ֑ה כִּ֗י יַ֚עַן אֲשֶׁ֤ר עָשִׂ֙יתָ֙ אֶת ־ הַדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֔ה וְלֹ֥א חָשַׂ֖כְתָּ אֶת ־ בִּנְךָ֥ אֶת ־ יְחִידֶֽךָ ׃ 17 כִּֽי ־ בָרֵ֣ךְ אֲבָרֶכְךָ֗ וְהַרְבָּ֨ה אַרְבֶּ֤ה אֶֽת ־ זַרְעֲךָ֙ כְּכוֹכְבֵ֣י הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וְכַח֕וֹל אֲשֶׁ֖ר עַל ־ שְׂפַ֣ת הַיָּ֑ם וְיִרַ֣שׁ זַרְעֲךָ֔ אֵ֖ת שַׁ֥עַר אֹיְבָֽיו ׃ 18 וְהִתְבָּרֲכ֣וּ בְזַרְעֲךָ֔ כֹּ֖ל גּוֹיֵ֣י הָאָ֑רֶץ עֵ֕קֶב אֲשֶׁ֥ר שָׁמַ֖עְתָּ בְּקֹלִֽי ׃ 19 וַיָּ֤שָׁב אַבְרָהָם֙ אֶל ־ נְעָרָ֔יו וַיָּקֻ֛מוּ וַיֵּלְכ֥וּ יַחְדָּ֖ו אֶל ־ בְּאֵ֣ר שָׁ֑בַע וַיֵּ֥שֶׁב אַבְרָהָ֖ם בִּבְאֵ֥ר שָֽׁבַע ׃ פ 20 וַיְהִ֗י אַחֲרֵי֙ הַדְּבָרִ֣ים הָאֵ֔לֶּה וַיֻּגַּ֥ד לְאַבְרָהָ֖ם לֵאמֹ֑ר הִ֠נֵּה יָלְדָ֨ה מִלְכָּ֥ה גַם ־ הִ֛וא בָּנִ֖ים לְנָח֥וֹר אָחִֽיךָ ׃ 21 אֶת ־ ע֥וּץ בְּכֹר֖וֹ וְאֶת ־ בּ֣וּז אָחִ֑יו וְאֶת ־ קְמוּאֵ֖ל אֲבִ֥י אֲרָֽם ׃ 22 וְאֶת ־ כֶּ֣שֶׂד וְאֶת ־ חֲז֔וֹ וְאֶת ־ פִּלְדָּ֖שׁ וְאֶת ־ יִדְלָ֑ף וְאֵ֖ת בְּתוּאֵֽל ׃ 23 וּבְתוּאֵ֖ל יָלַ֣ד אֶת ־ רִבְקָ֑ה שְׁמֹנָ֥ה אֵ֙לֶּה֙ יָלְדָ֣ה מִלְכָּ֔ה לְנָח֖וֹר אֲחִ֥י אַבְרָהָֽם ׃ 24 וּפִֽילַגְשׁ֖וֹ וּשְׁמָ֣הּ רְאוּמָ֑ה וַתֵּ֤לֶד גַּם ־ הִוא֙ אֶת ־ טֶ֣בַח וְאֶת ־ גַּ֔חַם וְאֶת ־ תַּ֖חַשׁ וְאֶֽת ־ מַעֲכָֽה ׃ ס
God tests Abraham Introduction Test? Really? In what sense? Abraham is tested and proven to be a mature 'Son' of God, a greater Adam, who loves the Giver even more than his good gifts. 1. Abraham trusts that God will provide (v1-8) This bookends to Genesis 12 with the allusions to 'go', and 'which I will show you'. And as Abraham went then, he goes now. And his ups and downs along the way have trained him as a disciple to be the man his is here. A 'burnt offering' 2. The LORD provided (v9-24) Abraham now living truly, in a fully integrated way, as a 'Son'. Mature disciple. Loves the Giver more than his greatest gift. On the mount of the LORD it will be provided; cf Solomon's temple at Moriah. cf the Mount of Crucifixion. Glory of God : He provides the lamb for the offering. The LORD will provide. FCF : We do not 'fear God', trusting him to be all-good, always. We do not love the Giver of the gifts more than the gifts we clutch at. By nature : We clutch at what is precious to us, without even trying to. We do not naturally believe God to be telling the whole truth, or not to be holding something back from us. cf Adam and Eve grasping at more, convinced there must be more that God has not given them. By choice: We choose narratives which justify our lack of faith in God; which justify our functional self-reliance. Irreligious : Choosing to write our own rules, since we think God is either not there or not trustworthy if he is. Religious : Clutch at good respectable things, but go to pieces if they are threatened. Rather than trusting God to be good, God to provide, today and always. 'Going by faith not by sight'. Person of Jesus : he is the true Son. Shows us delight and faith in the Father in the midst of daily life. Abraham learned this, but he never wavered. Even in the Garden. Fully integrated person; the Son of God in the Son of Man. From eternity past, the Father has radiated life in his Son, his Word, his Image. And we, as adopted Sons, can learn to follow in his footsteps as we trace how to live as Sons of God in this world. 'Your will be done'. Work of Jesus: the lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world. 'Call him Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins'. The beloved of the LORD, given to death, crucifixion. Not merely caught in a thicket but wearing thorns upon his head and nailed to a cross. In Jesus God has given everything, nothing can ever be said to be held back. Union with Jesus : We are battling between the 'old' distrustful, tricksy self, and the 'new self', the Son-nature. Learning to trust God in each and every circumstance and season. Learning that we really share in the life of the Son, in fellowship with the Father, through the Spirit. Knowing the theological architecture doesn't make it more true, but helps us have greater clarity and confidence in this glorious gospel. [You walk through the door either way, but some will have examined the foundations and others won't have]. In hardship, suffering, challenge, my identity is challenged and proven. In Jesus, I have everything, since I have God himself. Specific repentance : Look back and repent of a lack of faith. For all the worries and hang-ups we've had. Praising God for his patience with us all the way! Specific faith : Trust that God is your Father and Jesus your Saviour and the Spirit your mighty Helper. That he will provide all you need, since he has given everything in giving his dear Son. Wrap-up: Abraham the mature disciple - our older brother in the faith. But both he and I finding life in the true Son, Jesus of Nazareth. Genealogical details of Abraham's wider family - set up the transition to Isaac and Rebekah.