33 1 וַיִּשָּׂ֨א יַעֲקֹ֜ב עֵינָ֗יו וַיַּרְא֙ וְהִנֵּ֣ה עֵשָׂ֣ו בָּ֔א וְעִמּ֕וֹ אַרְבַּ֥ע מֵא֖וֹת אִ֑ישׁ וַיַּ֣חַץ אֶת ־ הַיְלָדִ֗ים עַל ־ לֵאָה֙ וְעַל ־ רָחֵ֔ל וְעַ֖ל שְׁתֵּ֥י הַשְּׁפָחֽוֹת ׃ 2 וַיָּ֧שֶׂם אֶת ־ הַשְּׁפָח֛וֹת וְאֶת ־ יַלְדֵיהֶ֖ן רִֽאשֹׁנָ֑ה וְאֶת ־ לֵאָ֤ה וִֽילָדֶ֙יהָ֙ אַחֲרֹנִ֔ים וְאֶת ־ רָחֵ֥ל וְאֶת ־ יוֹסֵ֖ף אַחֲרֹנִֽים ׃ 3 וְה֖וּא עָבַ֣ר לִפְנֵיהֶ֑ם וַיִּשְׁתַּ֤חוּ אַ֙רְצָה֙ שֶׁ֣בַע פְּעָמִ֔ים עַד ־ גִּשְׁתּ֖וֹ עַד ־ אָחִֽיו ׃ 4 וַיָּ֨רָץ עֵשָׂ֤ו לִקְרָאתוֹ֙ וַֽיְחַבְּקֵ֔הוּ וַיִּפֹּ֥ל עַל ־ צַוָּארָ֖ו 1 וַׄיִּׄשָּׁׄקֵ֑ׄהׄוּׄ 2 וַיִּבְכּֽוּ ׃ 5 וַיִּשָּׂ֣א אֶת ־ עֵינָ֗יו וַיַּ֤רְא אֶת ־ הַנָּשִׁים֙ וְאֶת ־ הַיְלָדִ֔ים וַיֹּ֖אמֶר מִי ־ אֵ֣לֶּה לָּ֑ךְ וַיֹּאמַ֕ר הַיְלָדִ֕ים אֲשֶׁר ־ חָנַ֥ן אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶת ־ עַבְדֶּֽךָ ׃ 6 וַתִּגַּ֧שְׁןָ הַשְּׁפָח֛וֹת הֵ֥נָּה וְיַלְדֵיהֶ֖ן וַתִּֽשְׁתַּחֲוֶֽיןָ ׃ 7 וַתִּגַּ֧שׁ גַּם ־ לֵאָ֛ה וִילָדֶ֖יהָ וַיִּֽשְׁתַּחֲו֑וּ וְאַחַ֗ר נִגַּ֥שׁ יוֹסֵ֛ף וְרָחֵ֖ל וַיִּֽשְׁתַּחֲוֽוּ ׃ 8 וַיֹּ֕אמֶר מִ֥י לְךָ֛ כָּל ־ הַמַּחֲנֶ֥ה הַזֶּ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר פָּגָ֑שְׁתִּי וַיֹּ֕אמֶר לִמְצֹא ־ חֵ֖ן בְּעֵינֵ֥י אֲדֹנִֽי ׃ 9 וַיֹּ֥אמֶר עֵשָׂ֖ו יֶשׁ ־ לִ֣י רָ֑ב אָחִ֕י יְהִ֥י לְךָ֖ אֲשֶׁר ־ לָֽךְ ׃ 10 וַיֹּ֣אמֶר יַעֲקֹ֗ב אַל ־ נָא֙ אִם ־ נָ֨א מָצָ֤אתִי חֵן֙ בְּעֵינֶ֔יךָ וְלָקַחְתָּ֥ מִנְחָתִ֖י מִיָּדִ֑י כִּ֣י עַל ־ כֵּ֞ן רָאִ֣יתִי פָנֶ֗יךָ כִּרְאֹ֛ת פְּנֵ֥י אֱלֹהִ֖ים וַתִּרְצֵֽנִי ׃ 11 קַח ־ נָ֤א אֶת ־ בִּרְכָתִי֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר הֻבָ֣את לָ֔ךְ כִּֽי ־ חַנַּ֥נִי אֱלֹהִ֖ים וְכִ֣י יֶשׁ ־ לִי ־ כֹ֑ל וַיִּפְצַר ־ בּ֖וֹ וַיִּקָּֽח ׃ 12 וַיֹּ֖אמֶר נִסְעָ֣ה וְנֵלֵ֑כָה וְאֵלְכָ֖ה לְנֶגְדֶּֽךָ ׃ 13 וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלָ֗יו אֲדֹנִ֤י יֹדֵ֙עַ֙ כִּֽי ־ הַיְלָדִ֣ים רַכִּ֔ים וְהַצֹּ֥אן וְהַבָּקָ֖ר עָל֣וֹת עָלָ֑י וּדְפָקוּם֙ י֣וֹם אֶחָ֔ד וָמֵ֖תוּ כָּל ־ הַצֹּֽאן ׃ 14 יַעֲבָר ־ נָ֥א אֲדֹנִ֖י לִפְנֵ֣י עַבְדּ֑וֹ וַאֲנִ֞י אֶֽתְנָהֲלָ֣ה 1 לְאִטִּ֗י לְרֶ֨גֶל הַמְּלָאכָ֤ה אֲשֶׁר ־ לְפָנַי֙ וּלְרֶ֣גֶל הַיְלָדִ֔ים עַ֛ד אֲשֶׁר ־ אָבֹ֥א אֶל ־ אֲדֹנִ֖י שֵׂעִֽירָה ׃ 15 וַיֹּ֣אמֶר עֵשָׂ֔ו אַצִּֽיגָה ־ נָּ֣א עִמְּךָ֔ מִן ־ הָעָ֖ם אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִתִּ֑י וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ לָ֣מָּה זֶּ֔ה אֶמְצָא ־ חֵ֖ן בְּעֵינֵ֥י אֲדֹנִֽי ׃ 16 וַיָּשָׁב֩ בַּיּ֨וֹם הַה֥וּא עֵשָׂ֛ו לְדַרְכּ֖וֹ שֵׂעִֽירָה ׃ 17 וְיַעֲקֹב֙ נָסַ֣ע סֻכֹּ֔תָה וַיִּ֥בֶן ל֖וֹ בָּ֑יִת וּלְמִקְנֵ֙הוּ֙ עָשָׂ֣ה סֻכֹּ֔ת עַל ־ כֵּ֛ן קָרָ֥א שֵׁם ־ הַמָּק֖וֹם סֻכּֽוֹת ׃ ס 18 וַיָּבֹא֩ יַעֲקֹ֨ב שָׁלֵ֜ם עִ֣יר שְׁכֶ֗ם אֲשֶׁר֙ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ כְּנַ֔עַן בְּבֹא֖וֹ מִפַּדַּ֣ן אֲרָ֑ם וַיִּ֖חַן אֶת ־ פְּנֵ֥י הָעִֽיר ׃ 19 וַיִּ֜קֶן אֶת ־ חֶלְקַ֣ת הַשָּׂדֶ֗ה אֲשֶׁ֤ר נָֽטָה ־ שָׁם֙ אָהֳל֔וֹ מִיַּ֥ד בְּנֵֽי ־ חֲמ֖וֹר אֲבִ֣י שְׁכֶ֑ם בְּמֵאָ֖ה קְשִׂיטָֽה ׃ 20 וַיַּצֶּב ־ שָׁ֖ם מִזְבֵּ֑חַ וַיִּ֨קְרָא ־ ל֔וֹ אֵ֖ל אֱלֹהֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל ׃ ס
Jacob Meets Esau 33 1 And Jacob lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, o Esau was coming, and four hundred men with him. So he divided the children among Leah and Rachel and the two female servants. 2 And he put the servants with their children in front, then Leah with her children, and Rachel and Joseph last of all. 3 He himself went on before them, p bowing himself to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother. 4 q But Esau ran to meet him and embraced him r and fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept. 5 And when Esau lifted up his eyes and saw the women and children, he said, “Who are these with you?” Jacob said, s “The children whom God has graciously given your servant.” 6 Then the servants drew near, they and their children, and bowed down. 7 Leah likewise and her children drew near and bowed down. And last Joseph and Rachel drew near, and they bowed down. 8 Esau said, “What do you mean by t all this company 1 that I met?” Jacob answered, u “To find favor in the sight of my lord.” 9 But Esau said, “I have enough, my brother; keep what you have for yourself.” 10 Jacob said, “No, please, if I have found favor in your sight, then accept my present from my hand. v For I have seen your face, which is like seeing the face of God, and you have accepted me. 11 Please accept my w blessing that is brought to you, because God has dealt graciously with me, and because I have enough.” Thus he x urged him, and he took it. 12 Then Esau said, “Let us journey on our way, and I will go ahead of 1 you.” 13 But Jacob said to him, “My lord knows that the children are frail, and that the nursing flocks and herds are a care to me. If they are driven hard for one day, all the flocks will die. 14 Let my lord pass on ahead of his servant, and I will lead on slowly, at the pace of the livestock that are ahead of me and at the pace of the children, until I come to my lord y in Seir.” 15 So Esau said, “Let me leave with you some of the people who are with me.” But he said, “What need is there? z Let me find favor in the sight of my lord.” 16 So Esau returned that day on his way to a Seir. 17 But Jacob journeyed to b Succoth, and built himself a house and made booths for his livestock. Therefore the name of the place is called Succoth. 1 18 And Jacob came safely 1 to the city of c Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, on his way from Paddan-aram, and he camped before the city. 19 And from the sons of d Hamor, Shechem’s father, e he bought for a hundred pieces of money 1 the piece of land on which he had pitched his tent. 20 There he erected an altar and called it El-Elohe-Israel. 1
Jacob and Esau are reconciled Intro : 'Reconciliation', what it means. Examples on 'micro' and 'macro' scales, in families. Russian doll; the first one closes; now they are all closed and resolved (though more trouble is in store). The forgiveness/reconciliation Jacob experienced with God at Peniel receives its confirmation by Esau's acceptance of his brother's goodwill. 1. Jacob and Esau are friends and no longer enemies (1-17) Joseph mentioned by name v4 immediate release of fear. Immediate answer to prayer. 'Fear knocked, faith answered; there was no one there'. Perhaps Esau had brought the men because he himself feared the might of Jacob. Reconciliation in three layers: 1-4; Jacob bows, Esau embraces. Both strikingly different postures to when they last met. 5-15; Esau accepts the gift, Jacob travels unaccompanied. 16-20; They live peacefully in their respective places v9-11 God's gracious blessing, legitimately Jacob's. Not claimed by Esau as his rightful blessing or inheritance. To see your face is like seeing the face of God, links us right back to last week's passage. Implication that the fight with God was a substitution for the fight with Esau. Thus he received God's 'grace', and thus Esau's 'favour'. 'gracious' / favour - significant word here. In Esau's 'favour' Jacob sees God's 'favour'. Keep what you have for yourself. Esau doesn't claim any birthright. peaceful departure to their respective places, Seir and Shechem 2. Jacob buys land and worships God (v17-20) succoth, booths map - 40 or so miles north of Jerusalem. cf John 4 Jacob's well, quite likely to be Shechem. v18 'safely' echoes chapter 28 and his prayer, 28.21 ; prayer's been answered. And cf 34.21 irony; they dwell 'safely' but it's going to be a place of violence for both households. Came to Shechem. Bought land; he is wealthy. Buys a parcel of land Builds an altar. Jacob built shelters at Succoth but an altar in Shechem, signals the importance of his arrival in Canaan, land of his fathers. Recap Biblical theology of 'Eden'; 'altar'; 'temple', etc. v20 the first time now we have, 'the God of Israel ' Jacob is the new Abraham; comes from Aram to Canaan. Buys burial ground. Builds altars. Last bit is transitional; no peace for Jacob. Sets up Dinah, and retaliation. Chapter 33 a conclusion, but just before a whole more series of woes; Dinah, Simeon, Levi, Reuben, Joseph. His attention to worship; the faithful God who had watched over him, even in rebellion and faithlessness, and who had blessed him, and who had met with him and wrestled with him. This section ends with Jacob back in the land and at worship. God's glory: 'he has dealt graciously' Faithful to bring Jacob back to the land. Gracious to show Jacob such grace, and give reconciliation FCF : Fear, coming from desire to be in control, coming from doubt/mistrust of God Jacob has come to learn the peace of trusting God and living a life of courageous humility, love, honour, and God-ward worship. Person of Jesus: He's the greater 'Son', greater than Abraham or Jacob. Shows true worship of the Father, and calls others to true worship - John 4. He is the 'landing place' of the 'land', he's the place of inheritance and blessing. He is full of 'grace' and truth. Work of Jesus: He is cast out, rejected, killed by his brothers. No reconciliation from them. Cursed. In order that he'd secure all grace for his people, and reconciliation with God. Union with Jesus: We are 'in the land', at worship, secure in the knowledge of the grace of God. Reconciliation is to be a hallmark of the Christian life, as far as possible. Wrap-up: God's gracious face towards us has been purchased by Jesus; in Him we are true worshipers.