The Flood Subsides 8 1 But God d remembered Noah and all the beasts and all the livestock that were with him in the ark. And e God made a wind blow over the earth, and the waters subsided. 2 f The fountains of the deep and f the windows of the heavens were closed, the rain from the heavens was restrained, 3 and the waters receded from the earth continually. At the end g of 150 days the waters had abated, 4 and in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, the ark came to rest on the mountains of h Ararat. 5 And the waters continued to abate until the tenth month; in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, the tops of the mountains were seen. 6 At the end of forty days Noah opened the window of the ark that he had made 7 and sent forth a raven. It went to and fro until the waters were dried up from the earth. 8 Then he sent forth a dove from him, to see if the waters had subsided from the face of the ground. 9 But the dove found no place to set her foot, and she returned to him to the ark, for the waters were still on the face of the whole earth. So he put out his hand and took her and brought her into the ark with him. 10 He waited another seven days, and again he sent forth the dove out of the ark. 11 And the dove came back to him in the evening, and behold, in her mouth was a freshly plucked olive leaf. So Noah knew that the waters had subsided from the earth. 12 Then he waited another seven days and sent forth the dove, and she did not return to him anymore. 13 In the six hundred and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried from off the earth. And Noah removed the covering of the ark and looked, and behold, the face of the ground was dry. 14 In the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, the earth had dried out. 15 Then God said to Noah, 16 “Go out from the ark, i you and your wife, and your sons and your sons’ wives with you. 17 Bring out with you every living thing that is with you of all flesh—birds and animals and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth—that they may swarm on the earth, and j be fruitful and multiply on the earth.” 18 So Noah went out, and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives with him. 19 Every beast, every creeping thing, and every bird, everything that moves on the earth, went out by families from the ark. God’s Covenant with Noah 20 Then Noah built an altar to the Lord and took some of every clean animal and some of every clean bird and offered burnt offerings on the altar. 21 And when the Lord smelled k the pleasing aroma, the Lord said in his heart, “I will never again l curse 1 the ground because of man, for m the intention of man’s heart is evil from his youth. n Neither will I ever again strike down every living creature as I have done. 22 o While the earth remains, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, p day and night, shall not cease.”
8 1 וַיִּזְכֹּ֤ר אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶת ־ נֹ֔חַ וְאֵ֤ת כָּל ־ הַֽחַיָּה֙ וְאֶת ־ כָּל ־ הַבְּהֵמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר אִתּ֖וֹ בַּתֵּבָ֑ה וַיַּעֲבֵ֨ר אֱלֹהִ֥ים ר֙וּחַ֙ עַל ־ הָאָ֔רֶץ וַיָּשֹׁ֖כּוּ הַמָּֽיִם ׃ 2 וַיִּסָּֽכְרוּ֙ מַעְיְנֹ֣ת תְּה֔וֹם וַֽאֲרֻבֹּ֖ת הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם וַיִּכָּלֵ֥א הַגֶּ֖שֶׁם מִן ־ הַשָּׁמָֽיִם ׃ 3 וַיָּשֻׁ֧בוּ הַמַּ֛יִם מֵעַ֥ל הָאָ֖רֶץ הָל֣וֹךְ וָשׁ֑וֹב וַיַּחְסְר֣וּ הַמַּ֔יִם מִקְצֵ֕ה חֲמִשִּׁ֥ים וּמְאַ֖ת יֽוֹם ׃ 4 וַתָּ֤נַח הַתֵּבָה֙ בַּחֹ֣דֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י בְּשִׁבְעָה ־ עָשָׂ֥ר י֖וֹם לַחֹ֑דֶשׁ עַ֖ל הָרֵ֥י אֲרָרָֽט ׃ 5 וְהַמַּ֗יִם הָיוּ֙ הָל֣וֹךְ וְחָס֔וֹר עַ֖ד הַחֹ֣דֶשׁ הָֽעֲשִׂירִ֑י בָּֽעֲשִׂירִי֙ בְּאֶחָ֣ד לַחֹ֔דֶשׁ נִרְא֖וּ רָאשֵׁ֥י הֶֽהָרִֽים ׃ 6 וַֽיְהִ֕י מִקֵּ֖ץ אַרְבָּעִ֣ים י֑וֹם וַיִּפְתַּ֣ח נֹ֔חַ אֶת ־ חַלּ֥וֹן הַתֵּבָ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשָֽׂה ׃ 7 וַיְשַׁלַּ֖ח אֶת ־ הָֽעֹרֵ֑ב וַיֵּצֵ֤א יָצוֹא֙ וָשׁ֔וֹב עַד ־ יְבֹ֥שֶׁת הַמַּ֖יִם מֵעַ֥ל הָאָֽרֶץ ׃ 8 וַיְשַׁלַּ֥ח אֶת ־ הַיּוֹנָ֖ה מֵאִתּ֑וֹ לִרְאוֹת֙ הֲקַ֣לּוּ הַמַּ֔יִם מֵעַ֖ל פְּנֵ֥י הָֽאֲדָמָֽה ׃ 9 וְלֹֽא ־ מָצְאָה֩ הַיּוֹנָ֨ה מָנ֜וֹחַ לְכַף ־ רַגְלָ֗הּ וַתָּ֤שָׁב אֵלָיו֙ אֶל ־ הַתֵּבָ֔ה כִּי ־ מַ֖יִם עַל ־ פְּנֵ֣י כָל ־ הָאָ֑רֶץ וַיִּשְׁלַ֤ח יָדוֹ֙ וַיִּקָּחֶ֔הָ וַיָּבֵ֥א אֹתָ֛הּ אֵלָ֖יו אֶל ־ הַתֵּבָֽה ׃ 10 וַיָּ֣חֶל ע֔וֹד שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִ֖ים אֲחֵרִ֑ים וַיֹּ֛סֶף שַׁלַּ֥ח אֶת ־ הַיּוֹנָ֖ה מִן ־ הַתֵּבָֽה ׃ 11 וַתָּבֹ֨א אֵלָ֤יו הַיּוֹנָה֙ לְעֵ֣ת עֶ֔רֶב וְהִנֵּ֥ה עֲלֵה ־ זַ֖יִת טָרָ֣ף בְּפִ֑יהָ וַיֵּ֣דַע נֹ֔חַ כִּי ־ קַ֥לּוּ הַמַּ֖יִם מֵעַ֥ל הָאָֽרֶץ ׃ 12 וַיִּיָּ֣חֶל ע֔וֹד שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִ֖ים אֲחֵרִ֑ים וַיְשַׁלַּח֙ אֶת ־ הַיּוֹנָ֔ה וְלֹֽא ־ יָסְפָ֥ה שׁוּב ־ אֵלָ֖יו עֽוֹד ׃ 13 וַֽ֠יְהִי בְּאַחַ֨ת וְשֵׁשׁ ־ מֵא֜וֹת שָׁנָ֗ה בָּֽרִאשׁוֹן֙ בְּאֶחָ֣ד לַחֹ֔דֶשׁ חָֽרְב֥וּ הַמַּ֖יִם מֵעַ֣ל הָאָ֑רֶץ וַיָּ֤סַר נֹ֙חַ֙ אֶת ־ מִכְסֵ֣ה הַתֵּבָ֔ה וַיַּ֕רְא וְהִנֵּ֥ה חָֽרְב֖וּ פְּנֵ֥י הָֽאֲדָמָֽה ׃ 14 וּבַחֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ הַשֵּׁנִ֔י בְּשִׁבְעָ֧ה וְעֶשְׂרִ֛ים י֖וֹם לַחֹ֑דֶשׁ יָבְשָׁ֖ה הָאָֽרֶץ ׃ ס 15 וַיְדַבֵּ֥ר אֱלֹהִ֖ים אֶל ־ נֹ֥חַ לֵאמֹֽר ׃ 16 צֵ֖א מִן ־ הַתֵּבָ֑ה אַתָּ֕ה וְאִשְׁתְּךָ֛ וּבָנֶ֥יךָ וּנְשֵֽׁי ־ בָנֶ֖יךָ אִתָּֽךְ ׃ 17 כָּל ־ הַחַיָּ֨ה אֲשֶֽׁר ־ אִתְּךָ֜ מִכָּל ־ בָּשָׂ֗ר בָּע֧וֹף וּבַבְּהֵמָ֛ה וּבְכָל ־ הָרֶ֛מֶשׂ הָרֹמֵ֥שׂ עַל ־ הָאָ֖רֶץ הוצא 1 אִתָּ֑ךְ וְשָֽׁרְצ֣וּ בָאָ֔רֶץ וּפָר֥וּ וְרָב֖וּ עַל ־ הָאָֽרֶץ ׃ 18 וַיֵּ֖צֵא ־ נֹ֑חַ וּבָנָ֛יו וְאִשְׁתּ֥וֹ וּנְשֵֽׁי ־ בָנָ֖יו אִתּֽוֹ ׃ 19 כָּל ־ הַֽחַיָּ֗ה כָּל ־ הָרֶ֙מֶשׂ֙ וְכָל ־ הָע֔וֹף כֹּ֖ל רוֹמֵ֣שׂ עַל ־ הָאָ֑רֶץ לְמִשְׁפְּחֹ֣תֵיהֶ֔ם יָצְא֖וּ מִן ־ הַתֵּבָֽה ׃ 20 וַיִּ֥בֶן נֹ֛חַ מִזְבֵּ֖חַ לַֽיהוָ֑ה וַיִּקַּ֞ח מִכֹּ֣ל ׀ הַבְּהֵמָ֣ה הַטְּהוֹרָ֗ה וּמִכֹּל֙ הָע֣וֹף הַטָּהֹ֔ר וַיַּ֥עַל עֹלֹ֖ת בַּמִּזְבֵּֽחַ ׃ 21 וַיָּ֣רַח יְהוָה֮ אֶת ־ רֵ֣יחַ הַנִּיחֹחַ֒ וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֜ה אֶל ־ לִבּ֗וֹ לֹֽא ־ אֹ֠סִף לְקַלֵּ֨ל ע֤וֹד אֶת ־ הָֽאֲדָמָה֙ בַּעֲב֣וּר הָֽאָדָ֔ם כִּ֠י יֵ֣צֶר לֵ֧ב הָאָדָ֛ם רַ֖ע מִנְּעֻרָ֑יו וְלֹֽא ־ אֹסִ֥ף ע֛וֹד לְהַכּ֥וֹת אֶת ־ כָּל ־ חַ֖י כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשִֽׂיתִי ׃ 22 עֹ֖ד כָּל ־ יְמֵ֣י הָאָ֑רֶץ זֶ֡רַע וְ֠קָצִיר וְקֹ֨ר וָחֹ֜ם וְקַ֧יִץ וָחֹ֛רֶף וְי֥וֹם וָלַ֖יְלָה לֹ֥א יִשְׁבֹּֽתוּ ׃
The flood drains away and God makes a new creation Introduction Historical attempts at a 'new start' to fix humanity's problems. What happens? 'New creations' in the Bible. 1. God prepares a new earth (v1-14) v1 'remembered' - a loaded term. Not that God forgot, but that he now moves his plan forward one stage. From pending to active. Language of new creation, with correspondence to the days. God's creative 'wind' v2-3 turning off de-creation v3 details of the months, days, years etc - written to be believed, trusted. v4 Mountains of Ararat v5 waters being separated and the dry land appearing v6 forty days; symmetry/chiasm v7-9 unclean and then clean. Dove, loaded term as Scripture unfolds. Dove, hovers over the waters. v10 seven days wait - symmetry again v11 day 3 of creation; vegetation v13 time measured by Noah's life now 2. God assures humanity and the animals of his blessing (v15-22) v15-19 animals and humanity; a new day 5 and 6 of creation. Blessing repeated: be fruitful and multiply. v20 altar (review old dig deeper notes). Burnt offerings of some of every clean animal and bird. This would have been a huge, lengthy affair. v21 it is the sacrifice, not the flood, which turns away wrath. v21 it is not that the curse of chapter 3 has been taken away, but that God will not bring any new curse onto creation because of humanity, 'even though' the intention of man's heart is evil from his youth' v21 never again will I flood...God is made out to be a liar if this is merely a 'local flood'. v22 God establishing his covenant, with creation. Great is thy faithfulness. FCF: Intention of man's heart evil from his youth. Taking a righteous man and preserving him and his family has not changed this (Noah and the flood), nor moving criminals and undesirables elsewhere (eg Australia, or Nazi Germany). We need a new heart, even a whole new world would not fix us! cf Historical lessons from Puritan settlers in Massachusetts. Person of Jesus: He is the creator. Making bread, restoring health and life. He is the true priest, like Noah. Work of Jesus: A priest like Noah...except that he offers up himself, the clean and blameless true Son, as a propitiation for our sins. The Father sees and accepts, declares us righteous and his wrath is satisfied forever. Jesus is now in the presence of the Father; his very presence is the intercession for us. Because he is there, you and I can be there. Union with Jesus: I have died in him. I have been raised righteous and accepted in God's sight. I am a new creation in him. I have a new nature in him. Wrap-up The flood drains away and God makes a new creation. Jesus' body was crucified and buried, and then raised - and in him God has made a new creation.