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danmartin
Pastor, Tyneside Church Central (Gateshead, UK)
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What is a gospel-centred church? [draft sermon notes]
Colossians 3:1-4
We will see God and be satisfied! [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 17:1-51
In God's presence there is fullness of joy [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 16:1-15
Jesus has taken us into God's presence forever [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 15:1-11
The LORD's words are utterly pure and trustworthy [draft sermon outline]
Psalms 12:1-9
When it seems like evil is unstoppable, know that God sees from heaven and he will act [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 11:1-9
God sees the evil on planet earth, and he will deal with all of it [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 10:1-18
The LORD has established his throne for justice [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 9:1-39
God's name is overwhelmingly majestic [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 8:1-10
God is a righteous Judge [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 7:1-18
The LORD hears our weeping prayers [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 6
The LORD covers his people with favour [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 5:1-13
The LORD hears when we call to Him [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 4:1-9
The LORD of hosts is with us [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 46:1-12
By God's grace, be at peace [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 5:12-28
Be ready for Jesus' return! [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 5:1-11
Encourage each other with the certain hope of Jesus' return [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
Keep on loving one another [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 4:9-12
Living to please God means we must pursue holiness [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 4:1-8
Be prepared for affliction [draft sermon outline]
1 Thessalonians 3:1-13
Paul longed to see the Thessalonians again [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 2:17-20
Thank God for the faith and perseverance of his people [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 2:13-16
Confidence in God leads us to declare the gospel and share our lives [draft sermon outline]
1 Thessalonians 2:1-12
When God's people suffer joyfully, the gospel multiplies [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 1:6-10
Paul thanks God that the Thessalonian church are real Christians [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 1:1-5
Celebrate the life of faith, hope and love in the gospel of Jesus Christ [draft sermon notes]
1 Thessalonians 1:1-5:28
It is good to give thanks to the LORD [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 92:1-16
Since we are alive in Christ together, live the new life together [draft sermon outline]
Colossians 3:1-17
Daniel is assured that God will fulfil all his plans and put all things right [draft sermon outline]
Daniel 12:1-13
Daniel sees a final vision of proud kings, turmoil, and suffering in times to come [draft sermon outline]
Daniel 11:1-45
Daniel is exhausted and strengthened for one more vision [draft sermon outline]
Daniel 10:1-21
Daniel's faithful prayer receives a glorious answer [draft sermon notes]
Daniel 9:1-27
Daniel sees that God is bigger than the dark days that lie ahead [draft sermon outline]
Daniel 8:1-27
God has established his eternal Kingdom in Jesus [draft sermon notes]
Daniel 7:1-28
God raises Daniel alive out of the place of death [draft sermon notes]
Daniel 6:1-29
God suddenly ends Belshazzar's life and rule, because he did not honour God [draft sermon notes]
Daniel 5:1-31
God reveals deep and hidden things [draft sermon outline]
Daniel 2:1-49
God preserves his faithful people in exile [draft sermon outline]
Daniel 1:1-21
Jesus is the resurrection and the life [draft sermon outline]
John 11:1-57
Jesus' family must show honour [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 5:17-6:2
Train yourself for godliness [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 4:6-16
Jesus has revealed the secret of godliness  [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 3:14-4:5
Show the gospel by serving [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 3:8-13
Eldership is a good work [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 3:1-7
Godly living celebrates the goodness of God our creator [early draft sermon notes]
1 Timothy 2:8-15
God's gospel is for everyone [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 2:1-7
Those who truly love the law, love the gospel [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 1:8-20
Keep the gospel the centre! [draft sermon outline]
1 Timothy 1:1-7
How we live in God's household (draft sermon notes)
1 Timothy 1:1-2
God's king takes away God's punishment [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 24:1-25
God has established an everlasting Kingdom [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 23:1-39
To God Be The Glory, Great Things He Has Done [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 21:15-22:51
God's King removes the judgement on God's people [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 21:1-14
God's king is rejected - again [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 20:1-26
The Return of the King: David returns to Jerusalem [draft sermon notes - unfinished]
2 Samuel 19:8-43
The rebel dies a rebel's death [draft sermon notes - unfinished]
2 Samuel 17:27-19:8
Absalom takes Jerusalem [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 16:15-17:26
Absalom rebels against David [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 15:1-16:14
Humble yourselves under God's mighty hand [draft sermon notes]
1 Peter 5:1-14
David is manipulated [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 14:1-33
David's sons abandon steadfast love [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 13:1-39
The LORD punishes and pardons [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 12:1-31
David abandons steadfast love (Bathsheba) - initial draft sermon notes
2 Samuel 11:1-27
David defeats the Ammonites (the backdrop to Bathsheba) [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 10:1-19
David shows the steadfast love of God [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 9:1-13
The LORD gave victory to David wherever he went [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 8:1-18
God's King is victorious [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 5:1-26
God's Kingdom is established - but God is in no one's debt [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 4:1-12
God's king begins his rule [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 2:1-3:1
David learns that the King is dead, and laments [draft sermon notes]
2 Samuel 1:1-27
Let all the ends of the earth worship God in Jesus! [draft sermon notes]
Psalms 67:1-7
Persisting in Evangelism, part 2 - 'Samaria' [draft sermon notes]
Colossians 4:1-6
Persisting in Evangelism, part 1 - 'Judea' [draft sermon notes]
2 Corinthians 4:1-18
Reformation - sola gratia [draft sermon notes]
Ephesians 2:1-10
Sola Scriptura! [draft sermon notes]
2 Timothy 3:14-4:8
The gospel reaches the ends of the earth [draft sermon notes]
Acts 28:11-31
God is our refuge and strength [draft sermon notes]
Acts 27:2-28:10
Paul testifies to the resurrection again [draft sermon notes]
Acts 25:13-27:1
Paul keeps testifying [draft sermon notes]
Acts 24:1-25:12
The Lord Jesus protects Paul and guides his way onwards towards Rome [draft sermon notes]
Acts 21:27-23:35
Paul goes to Jerusalem, fully aware of what awaits him [draft sermon notes]
Acts 21:1-26
Care for the church of God, which he obtained with his own blood [draft sermon notes]
Acts 20:17-38
Idolatry causes a riot in Ephesus [draft sermon notes]
Acts 19:21-20:1
The Kingdom of God comes in Ephesus [draft sermon notes]
Acts 18:24-19:20
By the grace of Jesus, Paul plants the gospel in Corinth and completes his second missionary journey [draft sermon notes]
Acts 18:1-23
The gospel of the Lord Jesus takes root in Europe (draft sermon notes)
Acts 16:6-40
It's Official: God is saving people from all nations into his church through Jesus Christ alone [draft sermon notes].
Acts 15:1-16:5
Paul and Barnabus plant true worshiping communities in the nations [draft sermon notes]
Acts 14:1-28
The Lord Jesus sends Paul and Barnabus to preach and plant his gospel in the nations (draft sermon notes)
Acts 12:25-13:52
The Word of God is unstoppable (draft sermon notes)
Acts 12:1-25
Christmas Day 2016: Now we have what many longed to see (draft sermon notes)
Luke 2:22-40
God has kept his promises! (sermon notes 1.0)
Luke 1:57-80
The Lord Jesus plants a church in Antioch (draft sermon notes)
Acts 11:19-30
Jesus calls the nations into His church (draft sermon notes)
Acts 10:1-11:18
Jesus Christ heals (draft sermon notes)
Acts 9:32-43
Jesus converts Saul, who experiences opposition, suspicion, and acceptance (draft sermon notes)
Acts 9:1-31
Jesus saves a man through Scripture reading and Christian witness (draft sermon notes)
Acts 8:26-40
Jesus told the truth when He said, 'You will be my witnesses in Samaria' (sermon notes draft)
Acts 8:3-25
Jesus receives His first martyr, and the gospel is scattered outwards (draft sermon notes)
Acts 6:8-8:2
The healthy church grows through internal problems (draft sermon notes)
Acts 6:1-7
Jesus empowers His church to endure opposition with joy [draft sermon notes 1.0]
Acts 5:12-42
You cannot serve God and money (draft sermon notes)
Acts 4:32-5:11
Jesus shows His power to save by healing a lame man (draft sermon notes)
Acts 3:1-26
The Spirit-filled church is devoted to Jesus, who blesses and grows His church
Acts 2:42-47
The Enthroned Jesus Delivers on God's Promise (sermon notes)
Acts 2:1-41
Jesus prepares His church for the coming of the Spirit (Sunday sermon notes)
Acts 1:12-26
Jesus' ascension guarantees the completion of God's plan
Acts 1:1-11
view all (108 total)
News of Jesus' resurrection challenges, divides, and saves
Acts 17:16-34
News of Jesus' resurrection challenges, divides, and saves [draft sermon notes]
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#resurrection
#evangelism
#Gospel
Published February 22nd, 2017
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Acts 17:16-34
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Paul in Athens 16 Now while Paul was waiting for them at Athens, his spirit was g provoked within him as he saw that the city was h full of idols. 17 So i he reasoned in the synagogue with the Jews and the devout persons, and in the marketplace every day with those who happened to be there. 18 Some of the Epicurean and Stoic philosophers also conversed with him. And some said, j “What does this babbler wish to say?” Others said, “He seems to be a preacher of foreign divinities”—because k he was preaching l Jesus and the resurrection. 19 And they took him and brought him to m the Areopagus, saying, “May we know what this n new teaching is that you are presenting? 20 For you bring some o strange things to our ears. We wish to know therefore what these things mean.” 21 Now all the Athenians and the foreigners who lived there would spend their time in nothing except telling or hearing something new. Paul Addresses the Areopagus 22 So Paul, standing in the midst of the Areopagus, said: “Men of Athens, I perceive that in every way you are very religious. 23 For as I passed along and observed the objects of your worship, I found also an altar with this inscription, p ‘To the unknown god.’ p What therefore you worship q as unknown, this I proclaim to you. 24 r The God who made the world and everything in it, being s Lord of heaven and earth, t does not live in temples made by man, 1 25 nor is he served by human hands, u as though he needed anything, since he himself v gives to all mankind w life and breath and everything. 26 And x he made from one man every nation of mankind to live y on all the face of the earth, z having determined allotted periods and a the boundaries of their dwelling place, 27 b that they should seek God, c and perhaps feel their way toward him and find him. d Yet he is actually not far from each one of us, 28 for e “‘In him we live and move and have our being’; 1 as even some of f your own poets have said, “‘For we are indeed his offspring.’ 2 29 g Being then God’s offspring, h we ought not to think that the divine being is like gold or silver or stone, an image formed by the art and imagination of man. 30 i The times of ignorance j God overlooked, but k now he l commands all people everywhere to repent, 31 because he has fixed m a day on which n he will judge the world o in righteousness by a man whom he has appointed; and p of this he has given assurance to all q by raising him from the dead.” 32 Now when they heard of r the resurrection of the dead, s some mocked. But others said, t “We will hear you again about this.” 33 So Paul went out from their midst. 34 But some men joined him and believed, among whom also were Dionysius u the Areopagite and a woman named Damaris and others with them.
Acts 17:16-34
na28
16 Ἐν δὲ ταῖς Ἀθήναις ἐκδεχομένου αὐτοὺς τοῦ Παύλου παρωξύνετο τὸ πνεῦμα αὐτοῦ ἐν αὐτῷ θεωροῦντος κατείδωλον οὖσαν τὴν πόλιν. 17 διελέγετο μὲν οὖν ἐν τῇ συναγωγῇ τοῖς Ἰουδαίοις καὶ τοῖς σεβομένοις καὶ ἐν τῇ ἀγορᾷ κατὰ πᾶσαν ἡμέραν πρὸς τοὺς παρατυγχάνοντας. 18 τινὲς δὲ καὶ τῶν Ἐπικουρείων καὶ Στοϊκῶν φιλοσόφων συνέβαλλον αὐτῷ, καί τινες ἔλεγον• τί ἂν θέλοι ὁ σπερμολόγος οὗτος λέγειν; οἱ δέ• ξένων δαιμονίων δοκεῖ καταγγελεὺς εἶναι, ὅτι τὸν Ἰησοῦν καὶ τὴν ἀνάστασιν εὐηγγελίζετο. 19 ἐπιλαβόμενοί τε αὐτοῦ ἐπὶ τὸν Ἄρειον πάγον ἤγαγον λέγοντες• δυνάμεθα γνῶναι τίς ἡ καινὴ αὕτη ἡ ὑπὸ σοῦ λαλουμένη διδαχή; 20 ξενίζοντα γάρ τινα εἰσφέρεις εἰς τὰς ἀκοὰς ἡμῶν• βουλόμεθα οὖν γνῶναι τίνα θέλει ταῦτα εἶναι. 21 Ἀθηναῖοι δὲ πάντες καὶ οἱ ἐπιδημοῦντες ξένοι εἰς οὐδὲν ἕτερον ἠυκαίρουν ἢ λέγειν τι ἢ ἀκούειν τι καινότερον. 22 Σταθεὶς δὲ [ὁ] Παῦλος ἐν μέσῳ τοῦ Ἀρείου πάγου ἔφη• ἄνδρες Ἀθηναῖοι, κατὰ πάντα ὡς δεισιδαιμονεστέρους ὑμᾶς θεωρῶ. 23 διερχόμενος γὰρ καὶ ἀναθεωρῶν τὰ σεβάσματα ὑμῶν εὗρον καὶ βωμὸν ἐν ᾧ ἐπεγέγραπτο• Ἀγνώστῳ θεῷ. ὃ οὖν ἀγνοοῦντες εὐσεβεῖτε, τοῦτο ἐγὼ καταγγέλλω ὑμῖν. 24 ὁ θεὸς ὁ ποιήσας τὸν κόσμον καὶ πάντα τὰ ἐν αὐτῷ, οὗτος οὐρανοῦ καὶ γῆς ὑπάρχων κύριος οὐκ ἐν χειροποιήτοις ναοῖς κατοικεῖ 25 οὐδὲ ὑπὸ χειρῶν ἀνθρωπίνων θεραπεύεται προσδεόμενός τινος, αὐτὸς διδοὺς πᾶσιν ζωὴν καὶ πνοὴν καὶ τὰ πάντα• 26 ἐποίησέν τε ἐξ ἑνὸς πᾶν ἔθνος ἀνθρώπων κατοικεῖν ἐπὶ παντὸς προσώπου τῆς γῆς, ὁρίσας προστεταγμένους καιροὺς καὶ τὰς ὁροθεσίας τῆς κατοικίας αὐτῶν 27 ζητεῖν τὸν θεόν, εἰ ἄρα γε ψηλαφήσειαν αὐτὸν καὶ εὕροιεν, καί γε οὐ μακρὰν ἀπὸ ἑνὸς ἑκάστου ἡμῶν ὑπάρχοντα. 28 ἐν αὐτῷ γὰρ ζῶμεν καὶ κινούμεθα καὶ ἐσμέν, ὡς καί τινες τῶν καθʼ ὑμᾶς ποιητῶν εἰρήκασιν• τοῦ γὰρ καὶ γένος ἐσμέν. 29 γένος οὖν ὑπάρχοντες τοῦ θεοῦ οὐκ ὀφείλομεν νομίζειν χρυσῷ ἢ ἀργύρῳ ἢ λίθῳ, χαράγματι τέχνης καὶ ἐνθυμήσεως ἀνθρώπου, τὸ θεῖον εἶναι ὅμοιον. 30 τοὺς μὲν οὖν χρόνους τῆς ἀγνοίας ὑπεριδὼν ὁ θεός, τὰ νῦν παραγγέλλει τοῖς ἀνθρώποις πάντας πανταχοῦ μετανοεῖν, 31 καθότι ἔστησεν ἡμέραν ἐν ᾗ μέλλει κρίνειν τὴν οἰκουμένην ἐν δικαιοσύνῃ, ἐν ἀνδρὶ ᾧ ὥρισεν, πίστιν παρασχὼν πᾶσιν ἀναστήσας αὐτὸν ἐκ νεκρῶν. 32 Ἀκούσαντες δὲ ἀνάστασιν νεκρῶν οἱ μὲν ἐχλεύαζον, οἱ δὲ εἶπαν• ἀκουσόμεθά σου περὶ τούτου καὶ πάλιν. 33 οὕτως ὁ Παῦλος ἐξῆλθεν ἐκ μέσου αὐτῶν. 34 τινὲς δὲ ἄνδρες κολληθέντες αὐτῷ ἐπίστευσαν, ἐν οἷς καὶ Διονύσιος ὁ Ἀρεοπαγίτης καὶ γυνὴ ὀνόματι Δάμαρις καὶ ἕτεροι σὺν αὐτοῖς.
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Lord, help us to see our idols and turn from them. Help us to grasp what an enormous thing the resurrection is. News of Jesus' resurrection challenges, divides, and saves Idols...as physical representations of abstractions or ideas that we invented. Cities in particular are full of them as worshippers come together. Have you had the experience Paul had? Christian worldview fundamentally different for two reasons. 1. God has come to us in his word and in Jesus, so we aren't making up or searching out, since he has revealed himself. 2. The resurrection of Jesus shows there is certainty of him putting all things right - this age is not all there is. These two things shatter all idols. Introduction: Note that the resurrection is really central throughout this passage. And there is no appeal to a common heritage of Scripture. A number of well-meaning errors have come out of this passage. -Over-contextualisation -Strategic pursual of the intelligentsia, and the philosophers, as more 'strategic' than other people/groups -Faith in apologetics rather than the gospel -Despising apologetics altogether v16-21 Jesus and the resurrection is a new idea to the Athenians v16-21, Paul in Athens. This all happened because of a delay - let's remember this when we wait or are delayed! v16 idolatry provoked him. God's glory robbed! People in bondage. 'Forest of idols'. Apollo, Jupiter, Venus, Mercury, Bacchus, Neptune, Diana, ... and all beautiful. [cf going to India]. Paul 'provoked', i.e. jealous for the glory of God. Not simply bad tempered, or grieved over eternal damnation. ' Revolted at the sight of a whole city given to idolatry.' [cf when you go somewhere, you should notice things? A huge mosque? Idols to commerce and ambition? Me visiting JB in London and early one morning going in to work with him etc] v17 justification for cold-contact. v17 he reasoned in the marketplace with those who 'happened to be there'; here is our justification for cold contact ministry [cf whole list of evangelism methods in Acts, we want to do them all]. We can relate to Athens more than we think, whether or not we like philosophy. Epicureans - garden philosphers. Epicurus. Gods so distant that it's actually just randomness and chance. No survival, no judgement. Just pleasure. Stoics - philosophers of the porch. [renewed popularity - Ferriss, Taleb, etc]. Zeno. Acknowledged God in a pantheistic way, confusing him with the world soul. Fate, duty, resignation to live in line with nature and reason. Self-sufficiency. Endurance of pain. Both are ways to live in a world you can't control or fully understand. Scrapmonger/babbler. Insult - unscrupulous plagiarizer. This 'babbler'; or scrapmonger. Are they arrogantly critical of his being outside the camp? A bit like academics not taking someone seriously unless they have a PhD, or went to the right school, etc. v21 spend all their time on something new. A culture like ours! Every app giving notifications of something new, and we, culturally, are addicted to it; the constant flow of news, new books, new movies, new ideas, etc. The general despising of the old. 'He seems to be preaching foreign divinities' - a charge against Socrates. Misunderstanding; 'Jesus and Anastasin'. cf Lystra, another misunderstanding. That's ok, part and parcel of gospel ministry. v22-31 Paul preaches to the philosophy club Moves from known to unknown; i.e., a point of contact and then to the call to repent. Not simply the angry call to repentance. Unknown God. Could also read 'unknowable' I think. In part that's Paul's point, He isn't unknowable. v24 you don't make a temple, he made a place for you. Creator . v25 he isn't dependent on us, we depend on him. Sustainer . v26-28 God isn't lost and needing to be found, we are - and he has done everything so that we can know him. Ruler . v29 God is not our offspring, we are his, made in his image. Father . v30-31 So now repent of this ignorance. Harmonise with reality by repenting. Judge Fundamental reality is that God has fixed a day when he will judge all people; the proof is that the Judge has been appointed and put in office. Not the end, but the end of the beginning. [cf Greek, no hope of after life. Only River Styx and Hades - Odysseus etc]. So by repentance and faith, you get in line with reality and stop living in a dream world. Begins with Creator And hits right on the challenge: judgement and resurrection. Epicureans - news of judgement Stoics - news of resurrection To preach judgement and resurrection to Epicureans and Stoics is to touch precisely on the nerve centre! Judgement for epicureans, resurrection for stoics. Chances are, if the resurrection hasn't changed everything for you, you haven't fully understood it. For many Christians it's a kind of happy bonus miracle that Jesus did, proving he was God, or something like that. Without getting the cosmic significance. v32-34 The resurrection divides opinion He doesn't get to finish his sermon. It gets interrupted. Again, NB there was no greaco-roman category for resurrection at all. Only dim afterlife with immortality of soul. Even for Jews, the resurrection of Jesus from the dead on the third day was unexpected - though they believed in a future resurrection of just and unjust. Sneering - v23; or further enquiry - v32, or belief - v34. Dionysius was a council member; big deal. Note that there isn't a huge response. Feels a little like a lunch bar, where one or two might be interested to know more at the end. Glory of God: Created the World; revealed himself so that he is not unknown. Sustains and guides us. Overlooks the time of ignorance. Will put things right by a righteous Judge. FCF: The worship of abstract ideas, and rejection of the particular. We like the 'idea' of God. But crucify him when he comes to us. Proof of this is how talking about the resurrection goes. Abstract is tame, controllable. Particular is risky, and I lose the illusion of control. Abstract is idolatry. H1 - mock at the idea of judgement and resurrection [cf think of all the tangible, particular foreshadows of both rescue and judgement] H2 - love abstraction and ideas By nature - prone to ignore far off things, things distant and abstract. But also prone to make abstract gods in our image. 'Openness'; 'tolerance'; 'etc. Prone to suppress what God has said about himself. Choice - choose to insist that God is, at best, 'unknowable'. Choose to suppress that knowledge (proof in what we appeal to). Person of Jesus: becomes particular, Jesus of Nazareth, within creation. The true offspring of God. The true temple. The Word of God become flesh; God is exegeted and narrated in Jesus. Work of Jesus: crucified and raised from the dead to remove the penalty of judgement day. Repent and believe: turn from false worship - even of abstract ideas. Trust in the risen Lord Jesus. Live the resurrection!
notes
Translation
16. While Paul was waiting for them in Athens his spirit was provoked/irritated within him beholding that the city was full of images of idols. 17. He conversed with the Jews and worshippers in the synagogue, and all day in the market-place with those he chanced to meet. 18. Some Epicurean and Stoic philosophers disputed with him, and some said, 'What does this babbler wish to say?' Others said, 'he seems to be heralding foreign deities', since he was gospeling Jesus and the resurrection. 19. They took hold of him and lead him to the Areopagus, saying, 'May we know what this new teaching is that you are speaking about? 20. For you bring some strange things to our ears. Therefore we wish to know these things, what this wishes to be.' 21. For all the Athenians and foreign residents there do nothing but have leisure and talk and listen about what is new.
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.