James:14-26
James 2:14-26
Faith without Works is Dead.
#faith
Published July 16th, 2020
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Main point summary
Faith without works is Dead.
Bracket
editing
NT
James 2:14-26
na28
nasb
Τί τὸ ὄφελος, ἀδελφοί μου,
a What use is it, b my brethren,
ἐὰν πίστιν λέγῃ τις ἔχειν
if someone says he has faith
ἔργα δὲ μὴ ἔχῃ;
but he has no works?
concessive
μὴ δύναται ἡ πίστις σῶσαι αὐτόν;
Can 1 that faith save him?
questionanswer
ideaexplanation
ἐὰν ἀδελφὸς ἢ ἀδελφὴ γυμνοὶ ὑπάρχωσιν καὶ λειπόμενοι ὦσιν τῆς ἐφημέρου τροφῆς
a If a brother or sister is without clothing and in need of daily food,
εἴπῃ δέ τις αὐτοῖς ἐξ ὑμῶν•
and one of you says to them,
ὑπάγετε ἐν εἰρήνῃ, θερμαίνεσθε καὶ χορτάζεσθε,
“ a Go in peace, 1 be warmed and be filled,”
μὴ δῶτε δὲ αὐτοῖς τὰ ἐπιτήδεια τοῦ σώματος,
and yet you do not give them what is necessary for their body,
negativepositive
progression
τί τὸ ὄφελος;
what use is that?
οὕτως καὶ ἡ πίστις, ἐὰν μὴ ἔχῃ ἔργα,
Even so a faith, if it has no works,
νεκρά ἐστιν καθʼ ἑαυτήν.
is 1 dead, being by itself.
conditional
Ἀλλʼ ἐρεῖ τις•
a But someone 1 may well say,
σὺ πίστιν ἔχεις,
“You have faith
κἀγὼ ἔργα ἔχω•
and I have works;
alternative
δεῖξόν μοι τὴν πίστιν σου χωρὶς τῶν ἔργων,
show me your b faith without the works,
κἀγώ σοι δείξω ἐκ τῶν ἔργων μου τὴν πίστιν.
and I will c show you my faith d by my works.”
actionmanner
σὺ πιστεύεις ὅτι εἷς ἐστιν ὁ θεός,
You believe that 1 a God is one.
καλῶς ποιεῖς•
b You do well;
actionresult
καὶ τὰ δαιμόνια πιστεύουσιν
c the demons also believe,
καὶ φρίσσουσιν.
and shudder.
Double Ground
distinct
DG
Θέλεις δὲ γνῶναι, ὦ ἄνθρωπε κενέ, ὅτι ἡ πίστις χωρὶς τῶν ἔργων ἀργή ἐστιν;
But are you willing to recognize, a you foolish fellow, that b faith without works is useless?
Ἀβραὰμ ὁ πατὴρ ἡμῶν οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων ἐδικαιώθη
a Was not Abraham our father justified by works
ἀνενέγκας Ἰσαὰκ τὸν υἱὸν αὐτοῦ ἐπὶ τὸ θυσιαστήριον;
when he offered up Isaac his son on the altar?
temporal
βλέπεις ὅτι ἡ πίστις συνήργει τοῖς ἔργοις αὐτοῦ
You see that a faith was working with his works,
καὶ ἐκ τῶν ἔργων ἡ πίστις ἐτελειώθη,
and 1 as a result of the b works, faith was 2 perfected;
καὶ ἐπληρώθη ἡ γραφὴ ἡ λέγουσα•
and the Scripture was fulfilled which says,
ἐπίστευσεν δὲ Ἀβραὰμ τῷ θεῷ,
“ a And Abraham believed God ,
καὶ ἐλογίσθη αὐτῷ εἰς δικαιοσύνην
and it was reckoned to him as righteousness ,”
καὶ φίλος θεοῦ ἐκλήθη.
and he was called b the friend of God.
series
ὁρᾶτε ὅτι ἐξ ἔργων δικαιοῦται ἄνθρωπος καὶ οὐκ ἐκ πίστεως μόνον.
You see that a man is justified by works and not by faith alone.
ὁμοίως δὲ καὶ Ῥαὰβ ἡ πόρνη οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων ἐδικαιώθη
In the same way, was not a Rahab the harlot also justified by works
ὑποδεξαμένη τοὺς ἀγγέλους
b when she received the messengers
καὶ ἑτέρᾳ ὁδῷ ἐκβαλοῦσα;
and sent them out by another way?
comparison
ὥσπερ γὰρ τὸ σῶμα χωρὶς πνεύματος νεκρόν ἐστιν,
For just as the body without the spirit is dead,
οὕτως καὶ ἡ πίστις χωρὶς ἔργων νεκρά ἐστιν.
so also a faith without works is dead.
na28
discourse
Diagram
scripturetext
components
James 2:14-26
na28
vsnum
James 2:14
subjectverb
τὸ
ὄφελος
solid
drop
equal
revrocket
line
pred
directobject
predicate
Τί
shelf
ἀδελφοί
μου
cword
vertical
obtuse
pstack
τις
rocketship
λέγῃ
ἔχῃ
μὴ
ἔχειν
πίστιν
ἔργα
δὲ
ἐὰν
πίστις
δύναται
μὴ
σῶσαι
αὐτόν
James 2:16
τὸ
ὄφελος
τί
dblrocketship
ἀδελφὸς
ἀδελφὴ
ὑπάρχωσιν
ὦσιν
γυμνοὶ
participle
λειπόμενοι
τῆς
τροφῆς
prepphrase
ἐφημέρου
καὶ
τις
εἴπῃ
ἐξ
ὑμῶν
αὐτοῖς
ὑπάγετε
ἐν
εἰρήνῃ
θερμαίνεσθε
χορτάζεσθε
καὶ
δῶτε
μὴ
αὐτοῖς
τὰ
ἐπιτήδεια
τοῦ
σώματος
δὲ
δέ
ἐὰν
James 2:15
James 2:17
text
οὕτως
καὶ
πίστις
ἐστιν
νεκρά
καθʼ
ἑαυτήν
ἔχῃ
μὴ
ἔργα
ἐὰν
James 2:18
Ἀλλʼ
τις
ἐρεῖ
σὺ
κἀγὼ
ἔχεις
πίστιν
ἔχω
ἔργα
κἀγώ
δεῖξόν
μοι
τὴν
πίστιν
σου
χωρὶς
τῶν
ἔργων
δείξω
σοι
τὴν
πίστιν
μου
ἐκ
τῶν
ἔργων
James 2:19
σὺ
πιστεύεις
θεός
ἐστιν
εἷς
ὅτι
ποιεῖς
καλῶς
τὰ
δαιμόνια
καὶ
πιστεύουσιν
φρίσσουσιν
καὶ
Type text here.
James 2:20
δὲ
Θέλεις
γνῶναι
πίστις
ἐστιν
ἀργή
χωρὶς
τῶν
ἔργων
ὅτι
ἄνθρωπε
κενέ
James 2:21
ἐδικαιώθη
Ἀβραὰμ
equals
ἐξ
ἔργων
οὐκ
ἀνενέγκας
Ἰσαὰκ
ἐπὶ
τὸ
θυσιαστήριον
table
πατὴρ
ἡμῶν
τὸν
υἱὸν
αὐτοῦ
James 2:22
βλέπεις
γραφὴ
πίστις
συνήργει
τοῖς
ἔργοις
αὐτοῦ
πίστις
ἐτελειώθη
τῶν
ἐκ
ἔργων
ἐπληρώθη
λέγουσα
Ἀβραὰμ
ἐπίστευσεν
τῷ
θεῷ
ἐλογίσθη
αὐτῷ
εἰς
δικαιοσύνην
ἐκλήθη
φίλος
θεοῦ
καὶ
καὶ
δὲ
καὶ
καὶ
ὅτι
James 2:23
James 2:24
ὁρᾶτε
ἄνθρωπος
δικαιοῦται
ἐξ
ἔργων
ἐκ
πίστεως
οὐκ
μόνον
καὶ
ὅτι
James 2:25
ἐδικαιώθη
Ῥαὰβ
καὶ
ἐξ
ἔργων
οὐκ
ὑποδεξαμένη
ἐκβαλοῦσα
ἑτέρᾳ
ὁδῷ
τοὺς
ἀγγέλους
καὶ
ὁμοίως
πόρνη
δὲ
James 2:26
ὥσπερ
γὰρ
τὸ
σῶμα
ἐστιν
νεκρόν
χωρὶς
πνεύματος
πίστις
καὶ
ἐστιν
νεκρά
χωρὶς
ἔργων
οὕτως
diagram
Comments
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.