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ethan miller
Student at Bethlehem College and Seminary class of 2021
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Jesus' Faithfulness
Hebrews 3:3-6
Jesus is faithful over God's house as a son, and we are his house!
#Jesus
#faith
#Moses
Published April 2nd, 2018
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Main point summary
Jesus is worthy of more glory than Moses because he was faithful over God's house as a son, not a servant. And we are his house! So be confident and boast in your hope.
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Hebrews 3:3-6
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For Jesus has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses—
For Jesus has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses
πλείονος γὰρ οὗτος δόξης παρὰ Μωϋσῆν ἠξίωται,
as much more glory as the builder of a house has more honor than the house itself.
(Jesus has been counted of more glory than Moses) just like the builder of a house has more honor than the house itself.
καθʼ ὅσον πλείονα τιμὴν ἔχει τοῦ οἴκου ὁ κατασκευάσας αὐτόν•
comparison
(For every house is built by someone,
(You can know this because) Every house is built by someone
πᾶς γὰρ οἶκος κατασκευάζεται ὑπό τινος,
but u the builder of all things is God.)
But (by concession) the builder of all things is God
ὁ δὲ πάντα κατασκευάσας θεός.
concessive
ground
v Now Moses was faithful in all God’s house w as a servant, x to testify to the things that were to be spoken later,
Now on the one had, Moses was faithful in all His house as a servant in order to witness of the things that were spoken later,
καὶ Μωϋσῆς μὲν πιστὸς ἐν ὅλῳ τῷ οἴκῳ αὐτοῦ ὡς θεράπων εἰς μαρτύριον τῶν λαληθησομένων,
but Christ is faithful over God’s house as y a son.
But on the other hand, Christ (was faithful) as a son over all His house
Χριστὸς δὲ ὡς υἱὸς ἐπὶ τὸν οἶκον αὐτοῦ•
alternative
And z we are his house
and we are His house
οὗ οἶκός ἐσμεν ἡμεῖς,
if indeed we a hold fast our confidence and our boasting in our hope. 1
if Indeed we hold fast the boasting and confidence in our hope
ἐάν[περ] τὴν παρρησίαν καὶ τὸ καύχημα τῆς ἐλπίδος κατάσχωμεν.
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Diagram
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Hebrews 3:3-6
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γὰρ
subjectverb
οὗτος
solid
drop
equal
revrocket
line
pred
ἠξίωται
prepphrase
pstack
cword
δόξης
πλείονος
παρὰ
Μωϋσῆν
γὰρ
rocketship
vertical
οἶκος
πᾶς
κατασκευάζεται
ὑπό
τινος
θεός
κατασκευάσας
πάντα
δὲ
Μωϋσῆς
predicate
πιστὸς
ἐν
τῷ
οἴκῳ
ὅλῳ
αὐτοῦ
θεράπων
εἰς
μαρτύριον
participle
τῶν
λαληθησομένων
ὡς
Χριστὸς
ἐπὶ
τὸν
οἶκον
υἱὸς
ὡς
αὐτοῦ
μὲν
δὲ
vsnum
Hebrews 3:3
καθʼ
ὅσον
ἔχει
κατασκευάσας
directobject
αὐτόν
τιμὴν
πλείονα
τοῦ
οἴκου
Hebrews 3:4
καὶ
Hebrews 3:5
ἡμεῖς
οὗ
ἐσμεν
οἶκός
κατάσχωμεν
τὴν
παρρησίαν
τὸ
καύχημα
καὶ
τῆς
ἐλπίδος
ἐάν[περ]
Hebrews 3:6
diagram
Phrase
Hebrews 3:3-6
For Jesus has been counted worthy
of more glory than Moses—
as much more glory as the builder of a house
has more honor
than the house itself.
(For every house
is built by someone,
but the builder of all things
is God.)
Now Moses was faithful
in all God’s house
as a servant,
to testify to the things that were to be spoken later,
but Christ is faithful
over God’s house
as a son.
And we are his house
if indeed we hold fast
our confidence
and our boasting
in our hope.
πλείονος γὰρ οὗτος δόξης παρὰ Μωϋσῆν ἠξίωται, καθʼ ὅσον πλείονα τιμὴν ἔχει τοῦ οἴκου ὁ κατασκευάσας αὐτόν•
πᾶς γὰρ οἶκος κατασκευάζεται ὑπό τινος, ὁ δὲ πάντα κατασκευάσας θεός.
καὶ Μωϋσῆς μὲν πιστὸς ἐν ὅλῳ τῷ οἴκῳ αὐτοῦ ὡς θεράπων εἰς μαρτύριον τῶν λαληθησομένων,
Χριστὸς δὲ ὡς υἱὸς ἐπὶ τὸν οἶκον αὐτοῦ• οὗ οἶκός ἐσμεν ἡμεῖς, ἐάν[περ] τὴν παρρησίαν καὶ τὸ καύχημα τῆς ἐλπίδος κατάσχωμεν.
G1437+1
phrasing
Notes
Devotional Notes Hebrews is a beautiful book about the supremacy of Christ. Jesus’ Priestly role is highlighted several times throughout the book, and is seen here in this passage as well. The author of Hebrews states that Jesus is greater than Moses because he was faithful over God’s house as a son, not a servant. This statement in Hebrews raises many questions, and I think answering two of these questions will lend to a better understanding the passage. First, what is the “house” that the author is talking about? Some commentators posit that the house the author is speaking of is the people of God. While this is a very likely explanation considering verse 6b, I think the author is getting at a bit more than simply the people of God. In particular, I believe the house the author is talking about in relation to Moses’ priestly service in the tabernacle. While there is a sense that the tabernacle was not a proper house, but a tent, it is still where God dwelt. While Moses was faithful over the tabernacle, Jesus was faithful over the “we” in verse 6b. Second, why does the author talk about builders in verse 4? Some commentators believe this parenthetical phrase has simply affirms verse three. but I think it does a bit more. It seems that the author is pointing to the nature of Jesus and Moses’ faithfulness. Moses’ faithfulness was faithfulness as a servant builder, while Christ’s was that of a God-Son builder. More pointedly, Moses built the tabernacle, Christ built the redeemed church. Moses built the tabernacle by following the specific instructions God gave him, at some physical cost. Jesus built the church by obeying God as a Son, and giving himself to be the cornerstone of the building. The joy of this passage is in verse 6 —we are his house! What a joy it is for the church to be the house that was built and is now faithfully cared for by the risen son of God. The evidence of our belief in this is given in the rest of the verse--that we will hold fast our confidence and boasting in hope. So be confident and boast knowing that you are the house of God over which Jesus is faithful as a son.
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.