Οὓς καὶ ἐκάλεσεν ἡμᾶς
even us whom he i has called,
οὐ μόνον ἐξ Ἰουδαίων
j not from the Jews only
ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐξ ἐθνῶν,
but also from the Gentiles?
ὡς καὶ ἐν τῷ Ὡσηὲ λέγει•
As indeed he says in Hosea,
καλέσω τὸν οὐ λαόν
k “Those who were not my people
μου λαόν μου
I will call ‘my people,’
καὶ τὴν οὐκ ἠγαπημένην
and her who was not beloved
I will call ‘beloved.’”
καὶ ἔσται ἐν τῷ τόπῳ οὗ ἐρρέθη αὐτοῖς•
l “And in the very place where it was said to them,
οὐ λαός μου ὑμεῖς,
‘You are not my people,’
ἐκεῖ κληθήσονται υἱοὶ θεοῦ ζῶντος.
there they will be called m ‘sons of the living God.’”
Ἠσαΐας δὲ κράζει
And Isaiah cries out
ὑπὲρ τοῦ Ἰσραήλ•
ἐὰν ᾖ ὁ ἀριθμὸς τῶν υἱῶν Ἰσραὴλ ὡς ἡ ἄμμος τῆς θαλάσσης,
n “Though the number of the sons of Israel 1 be as the sand of the sea,
τὸ ὑπόλειμμα σωθήσεται•
o only a remnant of them will be saved,
λόγον γὰρ συντελῶν καὶ συντέμνων ποιήσει κύριος ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς.
for the Lord will carry out his sentence upon the earth fully and without delay.”
καὶ καθὼς προείρηκεν Ἠσαΐας•
And as Isaiah predicted,
εἰ μὴ κύριος σαβαὼθ ἐγκατέλιπεν ἡμῖν σπέρμα,
p q “If the Lord of hosts had not left us offspring,
ὡς Σόδομα ἂν ἐγενήθημεν καὶ ὡς Γόμορρα ἂν ὡμοιώθημεν.
r we would have been like Sodom and become like Gomorrah.”
In this section, Paul continues the argument he started in 9v6 "not all who are descended from Israel belong to Israel" , 9v7 "and not all are children of Abraham because they are his offspring, but “Through Isaac shall your offspring be named.” and 9v8 "it is not the children of the flesh who are the children of God, but the children of the promise are counted as offspring" , Showing, that God's elect (the new Israel or the children of Abraham according to the Promise, that is vessels of mercy prepared beforehand for glory in order to make known the riches of God's glory v23 ) are both from the gentiles (v24-26) and from the Jews, that is ethnic Israel (v27-29) . In order to establish this argument, Paul appeals to the Old Testament (Hos 2:23, 1:10) to show how God through the prophets had spoken about the inclusion of the Gentiles into his redemption plan. He Also shows from Isaiah 10:22-23 that in God's foreplan, only the elect from ethnic Israel would be saved. Summarily, Paul argues that only the elect from ethnic Israel, and from other gentile nations will be saved. Hence, we can conclude that God has not been unjust to the Israelites, neither has he been to the Jews or to Israel.