What is Paul's main Point?
Arc Rom 10:14-21
Πῶς οὖν ἐπικαλέσωνται εἰς ὃν οὐκ ἐπίστευσαν;
How then will they call on him in whom they have not believed?
πῶς δὲ πιστεύσωσιν οὗ οὐκ ἤκουσαν;
And how are they to believe in him u of whom they have never heard? 1
πῶς δὲ ἀκούσωσιν χωρὶς κηρύσσοντος;
And how are they to hear v without someone preaching?
πῶς δὲ κηρύξωσιν ἐὰν μὴ ἀποσταλῶσιν;
And how are they to preach unless they are sent?
καθὼς γέγραπται• ὡς ὡραῖοι οἱ πόδες τῶν εὐαγγελιζομένων [τὰ] ἀγαθά.
As it is written, w “How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the good news!”
Ἀλλʼ οὐ πάντες ὑπήκουσαν τῷ εὐαγγελίῳ.
But x they have not all obeyed the gospel.
Ἠσαΐας γὰρ λέγει• κύριε, τίς ἐπίστευσεν τῇ ἀκοῇ ἡμῶν;
For Isaiah says, y “Lord, who has believed what he has heard from us?”
ἄρα ἡ πίστις ἐξ ἀκοῆς, ἡ δὲ ἀκοὴ διὰ ῥήματος Χριστοῦ.
So z faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the word of Christ.
ἀλλὰ λέγω, μὴ οὐκ ἤκουσαν;
But I ask, have they not heard?
μενοῦνγε• εἰς πᾶσαν τὴν γῆν ἐξῆλθεν ὁ φθόγγος αὐτῶν καὶ εἰς τὰ πέρατα τῆς οἰκουμένης τὰ ῥήματα αὐτῶν.
Indeed they have, for a “Their voice has gone out b to all the earth, and their words to the ends of the world.”
ἀλλὰ λέγω, μὴ Ἰσραὴλ οὐκ ἔγνω;
But I ask, did Israel not understand?
πρῶτος Μωϋσῆς λέγει• ἐγὼ παραζηλώσω ὑμᾶς ἐπʼ οὐκ ἔθνει, ἐπʼ ἔθνει ἀσυνέτῳ παροργιῶ ὑμᾶς.
First Moses says, c “I will d make you jealous of those who are not a nation; with a e foolish nation I will make you angry.”
Ἠσαΐας δὲ ἀποτολμᾷ καὶ λέγει• εὑρέθην [ἐν] τοῖς ἐμὲ μὴ ζητοῦσιν, ἐμφανὴς ἐγενόμην τοῖς ἐμὲ μὴ ἐπερωτῶσιν.
Then Isaiah is so bold as to say, f “I have been found by those who did not seek me; I have shown myself to those who did not ask for me.”
πρὸς δὲ τὸν Ἰσραὴλ λέγει• ὅλην τὴν ἡμέραν ἐξεπέτασα τὰς χεῖράς μου πρὸς λαὸν ἀπειθοῦντα καὶ ἀντιλέγοντα .
But of Israel he says, g “All day long I have held out my hands to a disobedient and contrary people.”
Diagram Rom 10:14-21
The implied now here is masc singular, because the relative pronoun to which it is functioning as antecedent is accusative, masc singular. This is because in Greek, a pronoun agrees with its antecedent in gender and number
this is a substantival adjective, functioning as the subject
This is an objective genetive, describing who or what the word that is heard is about
What is Paul's main Point?
Israel heard and understood the gospel but did not believe or obey and because of their disobedience, God has chosen to save the gentiles by the same gospel, in order to provoke Israel to envy and wrath. or God has chosen to save the gentiles by same gospel, in order to provoke Israel to envy and wrath, since they did not obey or believe the gospel having heard and understood the gospel.