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Hebrew—An Introduction to Reading the Old Testament
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Lesson 5: Verbs—commands and infinitives
Review (step 8 of 8)
Verbs—done! (mostly)

You are now officially completing the final lesson focussed on verbs. Let’s take a look at the lesson review.
What we learned this lesson
  1. There are three types of commands
    • imperative
      • 2nd person
      • affirmative commands
      • full force of command
      • eg. “Eat your food.”
      • form similar to 2nd person imperfect, though the ת form prefix has been dropped
    • jussive
      • 3rd person
      • not full force of command
      • eg. “Let him eat his food.”
      • also used for 2nd person commands that are negated with the word אַל
      • form identical to imperfect
    • cohortative
      • 1st person
      • not full force of command
      • eg. “Let us eat our food.”
      • form identical to imperfect, though at times with a ה added to the end
  2. Infinitive-construct
    • uninflected form of a verb
    • often prefixed with the preposition ל, or another prepostion
  3. Infinitive-absolute
    • never connects to a prefix or suffix
    • intensifies a verb when it appears with one of the same root and stem
    • can serve various other grammatical functions
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