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Hebrew—An Introduction to Reading the Old Testament
About this course
Lesson 6: Nouns, pronouns and participles
Review (step 8 of 8)
What we learned this lesson
  1. A noun is a person, place, thing or idea
    • inflect by gender and number in Hebrew
      • gender: masculine or feminine
      • number: singular, plural or dual
      • feminine singular nouns typically end with an a-class vowel + ה or a ת
      • the plural endings are ים (masculine) and וֹת (feminine)
    • exceptions
      • form — a feminine noun might look masculine, and vice versa
      • plural endings — a masculine noun might take a feminine plural ending, and vice versa
      • gender both — a small number of nouns can be masculine in one context and feminine in another
      • miscellaneous
    • special types of nouns
      • proper nouns — refer to specific people or places
      • gentilic nouns — indicate a ethnic or national affiliation
  2. A pronoun is a noun placeholder
    • personal pronouns — words like I, we, you, he, she, etc.
    • interrogative pronouns (מִי and מָה) — used to ask questions
    • indefinite pronouns (also מִי and מָה) — question words used as placeholders in statements
    • demonstrative pronouns — words like this, that, these and those
  3. A participle is a verbal adjective
    • derived from a verb
    • form of a noun — inflect by gender and number and use the same endings
    • functions like an adjective
    • can be active (eg. “eating”) or passive (eg. “eaten”)
    • found in all seven stems + an additional qal passive form
Keeping up with the vocab?

No matter how much you master the grammar, you will not be able to read Hebrew without a good sized vocabulary. Again, take the time to work through this lesson’s new words until you have them down.

One of the most challenging times for many believers in Israel is the 2-3 years after high school when they serve in the army. Israel is not a country without enemies and so these young people really are being asked to put their lives on the line in order to defend our country. At the same time, Christians serving in the army are often known for their upright conduct and courage in battle. Besides this, in recent years we have seen more and more opportunities given to believers in the army to share their faith before their units. May the Lord be pleased to use their courage in this respect as well, and make himself known through their witness!

(Be sure to turn on closed captions for an English translation.)