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Hebrew—An Introduction to Reading the Old Testament
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Lesson 8: Prepositions, conjunctions and more
The other conjunctions (step 4 of 8)
Stand-alone conjunctions

While the conjunction prefix is by far the most common conjunction in the scriptures, there are still others. And when they are used, the author is providing us with extra clarity as to how he is combining his thoughts.
stand-alone conjunctions
אוֹ or
אָז then
אִם if
כִּי because, that
יַעַן because
לְמַעַן in order
עוֹד while
פֵּן lest
עוֹד
486x
again, while (adverb, conjunction)
Technically, אָז is an adverb and not a conjunction, but in action it often connects sentences with the sense “then” and so has been included here. עוֹד, on the other hand, can be either an adverb or conjunction.

Note also that לְמַעַן is originally the word מַעַן with the לְ prefix preposition, and so you may find it parsed in that fashion. But this prefix + word combo is better understood as a single conjunction, just as we saw prepositions לִפְנֵי and מִפְּנֵי.

Finally, you will not see these conjunctions ever possessing prefixes or suffixes. They truly do stand alone.
Stand-alone conjunctions in the songs we’ve learned

As you will notice below, כִּי is the most common of the stand-alone conjunctions.

וְחֶרְפַּת עַמּוֹ יָסִיר מֵעַל כָּל־הָאָרֶץ כִּי יְהוָה דִּבֵּר — “and the reproach of his people he will remove from upon all the land for the Lord has spoken”

קוּמִי אוֹרִי כִּי בָא אוֹרֵךְ – “Arise, shine! For your light has come”
כִּי־הִנֵּה הַחֹשֶׁךְ יְכַסֶּה־אֶרֶץ – “For, behold, the darkness will cover the land”

תָּגֵל נַפְשִׁי בֵּאלֹהַי כִּי הִלְבִּישַׁנִי בִּגְדֵי־יֶשַׁע – “my soul will rejoice in my God for he has clothed me with garments of salvation”

אֶבְטַח וְלֹא אֶפְחָד כִּי־עָזִּי וְזִמְרָת יָהּ יְהוָה – “I will trust and not be afraid for my strength and my song is the Lord
Up next, let’s look at some special words that happen to be some of the most commonly used words in the entire Bible.