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Hebrew—An Introduction to Reading the Old Testament
About this course
Lesson 9: Adjectives and numbers
Review (step 8 of 8)
What we learned this lesson
  1. Adjectives
    • inflected by gender and number, and so have four basic forms
    • masculine adjectives never look feminine, and vice versa
    • can act as nouns (called “substantival”)
    • come after the noun they describe
      • eg. עַם־רָב = “a numerous people”
    • predicate position
      • eg. הָעָם רָב = “the people are numerous”
    • attributive position
      • eg. הָעָם הָרָב = “the numerous people”
    • demonstrative pronouns can likewise be used in the attributive position
      • eg. בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא = “on that day”
  2. Cardinal numbers (1, 2, 3...)
    • a special type of adjective
    • from three onward the form appears to have the wrong gender
    • come before the nouns they modify, except for the number אֶחָת/אֶחָד (“one”)
    • שְׁנַיִם and שְׁתַּיִם (“two”) drop their ם when describing a noun
    • for 11-19, a number between 1-10 is combined with עָשָׂר (masculine) or עֶשְׂרֵה (feminine)
    • 20+ use a common gender
    • מֵאָה and אֶלֶף may also be plural or dual in number
  3. Ordinal numbers (1st, 2nd, 3rd...)
    • another special type of adjective
    • masculine and feminine versions
    • after 10, cardinal numbers are used even when the meaning is ordinal
Sharing the gospel in Israel

Above all else, this world needs the gospel. Certainly the same is true of Israel. I invite you to listen below to some of the evangelistic efforts we are engaged in and to pray for God to grant us great gospel boldness.

(Be sure to turn on closed captions for an English translation.)