View all path courses
Hebrew—An Introduction to Reading the Old Testament
About this course
Lesson 2: Verbs—perfect
Reading: Deuteronomy 6:4-9 (step 7 of 9)
Vocab first

It is time to take a look at a new reading. In this case, you do not know all the vocabulary going in, but you do know half the words. Let’s take this opportunity to learn the other half before reading.

**Note: words that appear less than 40 times in the Hebrew Bible have not been placed in the vocab list.
אֶחָד
968x
one (adjective)
אָהַב
209x
love (verb)
אֵת
10970x
[definite direct object marker] (particle)
נֶפֶשׁ
754x
soul (noun)
מְאֹד
300x
very (adverb)
אֵלֶּה
746x
these (particle)
אֲשֶׁר
4954x
that (relative particle)
אָנֹכִי
359x
I (pronoun)
יָשַׁב
1081x
sit, dwell (verb)
הָלַךְ
1549x
go, come, walk (verb)
דֶּרֶךְ
706x
way (noun)
שָׁכַב
208x
lie down (verb)
קוּם
626x
arise, stand (verb)
קָשַׁר
44x
bind, conspire (verb)
אוֹת
79x
sign (noun)
יָד
1617x
hand (noun)
בֵּין
408x
between (preposition)
עַיִן
865x
eye (noun)
שַׁעַר
374x
gate (noun)
Reading the text with helps

As in lesson one, an English gloss appears underneath the Hebrew of the words, prefixes and suffixes you have not yet learned. This means that you should be able to read everything else that is not indicated. 

In addition, there are five verbs in this text with a perfect form—all of them sequential-perfects. Do your best to spot them and parse them (i.e. determine their person, gender and number). After you have done so, click on them to check yourself.
שְׁמַע
[qal imperative]
יִשְׂרָאֵל
יְהוָה
אֱלֹהֵינוּ
...our
יְהוָה
אֶחָד׃
וְאָהַבְתָּ
אֵת
יְהוָה
אֱלֹהֶיךָ
your...
בְּכָל
with...
לְבָבְךָ
your...
וּבְכָל
...with...
נַפְשְׁךָ
your...
וּבְכָל
...with...
מְאֹדֶךָ׃
your...
וְהָיוּ
הַדְּבָרִים
the...
הָאֵלֶּה
the...
אֲשֶׁר
אָנֹכִי
מְצַוְּךָ
...you
הַיּוֹם
the...
עַל
לְבָבֶךָ׃
your...
וְשִׁנַּנְתָּם
...you will teach them
לְבָנֶיךָ
to your...
וְדִבַּרְתָּ
[ piel stem ]
בָּם
about them
בְּשִׁבְתְּךָ
when you...
בְּבֵיתֶךָ
in your...
וּבְלֶכְתְּךָ
...when you...
בַדֶּרֶךְ
on the...
וּבְשָׁכְבְּךָ
...when you...
וּבְקוּמֶךָ׃
...when you...
וּקְשַׁרְתָּם
...them
לְאוֹת
for...
עַל
יָדֶךָ
your...
וְהָיוּ
לְטֹטָפֹת
for “frontlets”
בֵּין
עֵינֶיךָ׃
your
וּכְתַבְתָּם
...them
עַל
מְזוּזֹת
doorposts
בֵּיתֶךָ
your...
וּבִשְׁעָרֶיךָ׃
...on your...