Causal active and passive stems
The third and final pair of stems is the hiphil / hophal pair, where hiphil is the active and hophal its passive counterpart. What distinguishes these two from the other five stems is the causal sense they usually bring to a root’s base meaning.
This causal sense can be easily illustrated in two of the most common words to appear in the hiphil and hophal—בּוֹא and מוּת. The base meaning of בּוֹא, you will recall, is “come.” Hence, this is its meaning in the qal stem. In the hiphil, however, it is causal and thus carries the meaning “cause to come.” Or more simply in English: “bring.” The meaning of בּוֹא in the hophal is the passive counterpart to this, namely “be brought.”
The base meaning of מוּת is “die” and likewise we see it carry that simple meaning in the qal stem. Just like we saw with בּוֹא, this meaning becomes causal in the hiphil and hophal, giving the sense “kill” (hiphil) and “be killed” (hophal).